Overview This is an essay proposal, in which you present your plan for final essay. In order to complete the proposal, you need to select the essay question you are going to address, and undertake preliminary research into the topic. Your proposal should be structured as follows: a. At the top of the page, write the essay question you are going to answer. b. Contention: In no more than two sentences, explain your answer to the essay question. Every essay should contain an argument or contention, which is your informed response to the essay question. c. Essay plan: You should present a paragraph by paragraph plan of your essay, beginning with “Introduction”, and then “Paragraph 1”, “Paragraph 2” and so on. The plan should explain what each paragraph is going to contain. The first paragraph of your essay is your introduction. The task of this paragraph is to introduce the ESSAY. It is NOT to introduce the subject of your essay. For example, if your essay is about increasing rates of women in prison, then your introduction would say “This essay argues that increasing rates of women in prison is due to [etc ]. Drawing on prison statistics and the theories of [etc], the essay shows that increasing rates of women in prison is not due to increasing crime rates, but, instead, it is due to [etc]. This argument is illustrated using the example of [etc].” And so on. Do not make the mistake of explaining the core issues of your essay in your introduction. The second paragraph of your essay provides important background information. In this paragraph, immediately after the introduction, you should explain the core issues of the essay. If you are writing about incarcerated women, then this is the paragraph in which you provide statistics, explain trends and so on. This gives the reader the basic information that they need to understand the rest of your argument. You may need two paragraphs to provide enough background information, depending on the topic you choose. Third to the fifth/sixth paragraph: Lay out your argument. Each paragraph should have a clear purpose. If you are writing about incarcerated women, then you might have three paragraphs explaining different theories for women’s increasing incarceration, followed by one paragraph in which you put forward your preferred theory, followed by an example which illustrates your point. (This is just a possible essay structure. There is no one ‘right’ way to structure your essay. You need to be guided by your judgement and common sense.) d. Key resources: List no fewer than SIX academic sources (books, chapters, journal articles) that you will use in the essay. After each source, include a sentence explaining why it is useful for your essay. You should pay close attention to the written feedback on this assessment and ensure it is incorporated into your final essay. Here are the following questions; Student must select ONE of the following essays: 1. What are the similarities and differences between patterns of male violence against males, and patterns of male violence against women? 2. When the law is supposed to be blind to difference such as gender, can it provide justice to women experiencing abuse and violence due to their gender? 3. How do gender inequality and stereotypes shape female offending patterns? 4. Is it reasonable to expect that civil life won’t be pervaded by male violence when violence has become so integral to our economy and historical narrative? 5. What factors make some all-male peer groups more likely to engage in violence? Explain using examples. 6. What effect has the culture and history of technology industries had on the current problem of online abuse and harassment? 7. What was the role of transnational business masculinity in the global financial crisis? 8. Is it useful to distinguish ‘honour’ violence from other types of violence against women? Why/why not? 9. What is the role of homophobia and anti-gay violence in reproducing hegemonic masculinity? 10. Identify a primary prevention program or activity, such as an education program or social marketing campaign that aims to prevent violence against women. How does the program/activity construct gender and violence?

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.