Overview This is an essay proposal, in which you present your plan for final essay. In order to complete the proposal, you need to select the essay question you are going to address, and undertake preliminary research into the topic. Your proposal should be structured as follows: a. At the top of the page, write the essay question you are going to answer. b. Contention: In no more than two sentences, explain your answer to the essay question. Every essay should contain an argument or contention, which is your informed response to the essay question. c. Essay plan: You should present a paragraph by paragraph plan of your essay, beginning with “Introduction”, and then “Paragraph 1”, “Paragraph 2” and so on. The plan should explain what each paragraph is going to contain. The first paragraph of your essay is your introduction. The task of this paragraph is to introduce the ESSAY. It is NOT to introduce the subject of your essay. For example, if your essay is about increasing rates of women in prison, then your introduction would say “This essay argues that increasing rates of women in prison is due to [etc ]. Drawing on prison statistics and the theories of [etc], the essay shows that increasing rates of women in prison is not due to increasing crime rates, but, instead, it is due to [etc]. This argument is illustrated using the example of [etc].” And so on. Do not make the mistake of explaining the core issues of your essay in your introduction. The second paragraph of your essay provides important background information. In this paragraph, immediately after the introduction, you should explain the core issues of the essay. If you are writing about incarcerated women, then this is the paragraph in which you provide statistics, explain trends and so on. This gives the reader the basic information that they need to understand the rest of your argument. You may need two paragraphs to provide enough background information, depending on the topic you choose. Third to the fifth/sixth paragraph: Lay out your argument. Each paragraph should have a clear purpose. If you are writing about incarcerated women, then you might have three paragraphs explaining different theories for women’s increasing incarceration, followed by one paragraph in which you put forward your preferred theory, followed by an example which illustrates your point. (This is just a possible essay structure. There is no one ‘right’ way to structure your essay. You need to be guided by your judgement and common sense.) d. Key resources: List no fewer than SIX academic sources (books, chapters, journal articles) that you will use in the essay. After each source, include a sentence explaining why it is useful for your essay. You should pay close attention to the written feedback on this assessment and ensure it is incorporated into your final essay. Here are the following questions; Student must select ONE of the following essays: 1. What are the similarities and differences between patterns of male violence against males, and patterns of male violence against women? 2. When the law is supposed to be blind to difference such as gender, can it provide justice to women experiencing abuse and violence due to their gender? 3. How do gender inequality and stereotypes shape female offending patterns? 4. Is it reasonable to expect that civil life won’t be pervaded by male violence when violence has become so integral to our economy and historical narrative? 5. What factors make some all-male peer groups more likely to engage in violence? Explain using examples. 6. What effect has the culture and history of technology industries had on the current problem of online abuse and harassment? 7. What was the role of transnational business masculinity in the global financial crisis? 8. Is it useful to distinguish ‘honour’ violence from other types of violence against women? Why/why not? 9. What is the role of homophobia and anti-gay violence in reproducing hegemonic masculinity? 10. Identify a primary prevention program or activity, such as an education program or social marketing campaign that aims to prevent violence against women. How does the program/activity construct gender and violence?
The limit of overseeing startling and sudden events that bothers gatherings and changes in affiliation culture is known as crisis organization. Starting late we have had the ability to palpate transboundary crisis, that have affected accomplices in different structures. For example, the 2011 tsunami of Japan, which meddled with creation arrange wherever all through the world, especially in the auto business (Crandall, Parnell and Spillan, 2010). This art of overseeing crisis requires aptitudes and data to deal with accomplices' recovery. Crisis organization prepares the person to make capacities in an amazing and threatening conditions inside the relationship of an emergency response with valiance and affirmation. The coordination of the emergency responses to a more broad scene that weakens to hurt and wreck structures, ability to work feasibly and capably. The continuum appraisal of the organizing and customized scene response transforms into a vital bit of the methodology in a crisis organization outline. Legitimate resources available in a crisis in Dominican Republic. According to Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) there are countries and social orders that are known as "crises masterminded", in light of the fact that they have had the ability to plan and support any crisis needing to overcome their weakness. The Dominican Republic isn't the uncommon case, when a crisis rises the gathering and Dominican Civil Defense are the first to respond to the emergency, as individuals accessible if the need arises. Everything considered, few out of every odd individual is set up to help another person or acknowledge a piece of activity amid the time spent an emergency crisis. The national emergency and correspondence structure, known as the Center for Emergencies Operation, [COE], in its piece of the primary office the nation over in a crisis, and responding affiliation has had the ability to make aptitude and abilities to enable potential crises and manage the ones that at last to happen. The Center for Emergencies Operation, [COE], is fit the bill for make, review, execute and get ready personnel, volunteers and the gathering in reference to the national course of action and organization for emergencies the nation over. The Dominican Civil Defense, are the individual accessible if the need arises for the scene of a disastrous occasion or crisis. This is one of the emergency get-togethers, in any occasion, most alluded to in the country as readied experts accessible if the need arises for an emergency. The Dominican Civil Defense began their gathering benefits as a social affair of volunteers to the gathering by giving correspondence benefits as radio tenderfoot by 1963. Their first specialist support to the gathering was with Hurricane Flora, where they showed how they were fruitful in giving correspondence the nation over under an emergency fiasco as a typhoon. The Dominican Red Cross empowered them to station their central correspondence inside their center. By, 1966, the Dominican government requested the Law 257, which made the Dominican Civil Defense as an official living being to help emergencies. Thusly, transforming into an official state foundation under the umbrella of the Center of Emergencies Operation, COE. In September 22, 2002, the governing body founded the Law 147-02 by which the risk organization, transformed into the official emergency regulatory Agency in charge of working up the national emergency and correspondence plan close by its controls. As general guidelines they keep to guarantee, organize, take an intrigue, demonstrate neutralizing activity and decentralize organizations. Their basic goal is to stay away from or diminish loss of lives and breaking point property damages of normal people and government from calamitous occasions or fake disasters. The Dominican Civil Defense, is one the animals under the umbrella of COE, and moreover the Dominican Red Cross, Energy Conservation Department, Fire Department, Police Department, Dominican Port Authority, Health Department, Environment and Natural Resources Department, Dominican Seismological Institute, National Housing Department, among others, have been seen as an emergency crisis gathering of specialists and specialists close-by, national and all around for its work amass in light of a legitimate concern for those in require and the gathering. By virtue of the Dominican Civil Defense, their work is made out of 95% of steady arranged volunteers, an official boss, an officer corps, and departmental administrators who, as demonstrated by their insightful availability begin working for the gathering and the upside of the country. As demonstrated by Treurniet, Van Buul-Besseling and Wolbers (2012) the gathering may be portrayed as a social affair of people living in a comparable domain and having a particular characteristics in like way of being a man. Moreover, as needs be, they will have a place with different social occasions and gatherings, sharing their understanding of a certifiable dynamic gathering work, towards each other. By 2014, the Dominican Republic executed unprecedented for its history the organizations of 911. As one of the new emergency resource organizations center, its specialists in control needed to educate hugely the people about the use and points of interest of 911. The correspondence approach was gigantically used (TV and radio) in the midst of the going with two months going before the incitation of the 911 structure the country over. Pearson and Mitroff (1993) imparted that there is a need of collaborating with the gathering, since it gives a sentiment being part powerful inside the gathering. Besides, they elucidated that the gathering can share their wants, assessing their necessities and goals of the people who are needing support. Amid crisis, the learning of collaborating formally or calmly with relationship in accomplishing one goal of helping another person transforms into a flexible lead (James and Gilliland, 2013). In the Dominican Republic, Center for Emergency and Communication Operations, [COE] would be relative in its ability to what FEMA is in the United States. The Dominican Civil Defense is relegated under the umbrella of the COE. This Center would be part fundamental of the Crisis Management Team, CMT and the Crisis Management Plan, CMP. COE arranges enduring trainings with national and worldwide associations who are also overseeing emergencies and crisis remembering the true objective to exchange experiences and get ready with new methodology. Today, the Dominican Civil Defense has ended up being one of the associations of the Government that has uncommon contrasted with other correspondence masterminds in the country after the Armed Forces. They have a correspondence structure in the UHF band or ''ultra-high repeat" starting late presented, and a task force system is national in scope, despite conventional phones. Starting at now, the Dominican Civil Defense has a radio station, which is the soul of the foundation in crisis and emergencies that work 24 hours for every day and the 365 days of the year (Dominican Civil Defense, 2014). Crisis Theories. Theories impact a couple of assumptions to give an elucidation of a given situation. A couple of makers, for instance, James and Gilliland (2013) clears up that the Eclectic Crisis Intervention Theory includes an intentional and think particularly planned significant thoughts and procedures to help the setbacks from different techniques. This particular speculation begins filling in as an endeavor centered theory, instead of using thoughts. A couple of important endeavors perceived in this theory are: Recognize segments in all structures and to facilitate them into an inside dependable whole giving a more exact behavioral data to be elucidated. Consider each and every existent theory, systems, and standards for evaluating and controlling clinical data according to the pushed learning of time and place. The need to identify with no specific theory, with an open standpoint and unendingly investigate diverse roads in regards to those points of interest and frameworks that convey triumphs. This particular speculation fuses two inevitable subjects. The first of those subject is that people and all crises are unique and unmistakable, along these lines can apply to anyone and any kind of culture. In addition, all people and all crises are practically identical. Therefore, James and Gilliland (2013) grasps that these doubts are seen as absolutely random. The blended approach, as demonstrated by James and Gilliland (2013) allow to different procedures and theories, in this way, it empowers the possibility of having the ability to assess the setback's needs remembering the ultimate objective to apply and outline the correct methodologies altered to the person. The expert, on the other hand, will put it all out there and will have the enthusiasm to change an approach to manage another technique paying little respect to whether the first had work. Regardless, the Interpersonal theory on a very basic level elucidates that people can not bolster an individual state of a crisis for long, if they really believe in themselves and in others. Having assurance, the individual will end up self-acknowledged and overcome the crisis (James and Gilliland, 2013). Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) elucidated that the fundamental goal of the crisis organization gathering, CMT is to get ready for potential crises and manage those crises that over the long haul happen. In this manner, it will be seen in three perspectives, crisis response affiliations and review their association between affiliations. Moral and legitimate troubles. Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) gave a cognizance of the hugeness of good and legal obligations and troubles while overseeing affiliations and their social limits. The ethical culture of the affiliations>GET ANSWER