The essay must have a thesis statement in the introduction of the paragraph. The body of the essay must have 3 points that support the thesis statement. Part A: Answer one of the following questions. 1. Explain the course of Reconstruction by way of addressing the following issues. Discuss the various groups that had a stake in determining the character of the “New South”, the alliances that developed among them, and the strategies that each group employed to achieve it goals. Describe the dominant system of black labor that emerged at the end of Reconstruction and explain why it took hold. Finally, explain why Reconstruction failed to establish racial equality and black freedom. 2. Explain how the rapid industrialization of the United States under the system of “free labor” in the years after the Civil War led to a social crisis by the end of the nineteenth century in which the traditional American values of democracy, equality, and opportunity seemed to be disappearing, and in which class conflict threatened to tear society apart. How did the capitalists and working classes attempt to enhance their own power and interests in their struggle with each other? Why was the working class unable to achieve much, despite valiant efforts? How did the middle-class respond to the struggle between labor and capital as well as the changes that American society underwent during the late nineteenth century?
To begin with, it is extremely realized that Notre Dame Cathedral that is found in Paris is one of the world's first ever to be made, Gothic Cathedral. Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris is found close to the Ile de la Cite on its eastern half, having toward the west its principle entrance. Many suspected that the Cathedral of Notre Dame was outstanding amongst other with regards to Gothic French design. A standout amongst the most notable engineers in France named Viollet le Duc is the one behind sparing and reestablishing Notre Dame Cathedral from decimation. The significance of the name, Notre Dame Cathedral is on the grounds that when this Gothic Cathedral was fabricated it was the focal point of magnificence in Paris and they chose to name it by "Our Lady". The Gothic time frame was exceptionally baffled by the stunning development of Notre Dame Cathedral. Gothic design was especially affected by naturalism and that was seen through the recolored glass and figures found in Notre Dame Cathedral, which in the early Romanesque engineering this was the inverse. The flying brace which is curved outside backings were first found in the Notre Dame in Paris. At the point when the Cathedral was first manufactured it did exclude the flying braces in its plan however later on it was found encompassing the nave and choir. After numerous quantities of developments to Notre Dame in Paris, the more slender dividers that were exceptionally well known around then of Gothic style developed to be to a great degree high which brought about a ton of stress factors and the dividers appears to begin pushing outwards. Because of that the draftsmen that were developing the church chosen to assemble a ton of help encompassing the dividers outwardly and after that they kept on including them like that the outside. During the 1970s amid the radical French Revolution a great deal of demolish and infringement was occurring to the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris making a large number of the religious pictures be devastated and harmed. In the nineteenth century however the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris experienced exceptionally extreme rebuilding designs and when that was done the Cathedral really returned to the manner in which it was previously. History Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris was known for its predominance on the Seine and the Ile de la Cite notwithstanding the historical backdrop of Paris. The Romans chose to fabricated appropriate beside the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, a sanctuary for Jupiter and afterward later on another building was included by the Christian Basilica, to wrap things up at last they constructed Cathedral of St. Etienne which is built up in 528 by Childebert (Romanesque church). Priest of Paris named Maurice de Sully chose to grow the populace and assembled another church building which was dedicated for the Virgin Mary. The development in 1163 was begun yet it wasn't generally finished until around 1345 which resembles 180 years after the fact on. The Cathedral recounts a great deal of stories in the Bible with regards to its entries and recolored glass and compositions, possibly on the grounds that it was done and developed in the unskilled age. The choir was done around 1183 and later on a great deal of work began being done on the nave and it was done around 1208, the west front and towers completed in 1225 – 1250 roughly directly after the nave. Around 1235 – 1250 numerous never houses of prayer were pursued and added to the nave and later amid the 1296 – 1330 some were additionally added to the apse, (Pierre de Chelles and Jean Ravy). In 1250 – 1267 transept intersections were built up by Pierre de Montreuil which is the draftsman for the Sainte Chapelle and Jean de Chelles. You can tell the plan was early Gothic due to the thin components that explain the divider and the sic part rib vaults. The Interior was exceptionally changed and recreated in the center thirteenth century due to the broadening descending of the clerestory windows that are actually from the early Gothic style making it be loaded up with High Gothic tracery. The triforium was expelled as a result of the considerable number of augmentations. Generally you can discover four story height in the Interior which is ordinary with regards to early Gothic chapels, notwithstanding that the triforiun was altogether different in light of the fact that it had vast opening that are round rather than arcades that are exceptionally typical. In the event that you take a gander at the structures youd understand that they are High Gothic and that is what they look like from the outside. The highlights are entirely detectable and incorporate tracery screen and bounty of colonnettes, it additionally had vertical and flat requests of the exteriors, the finesse of the flying supports and the striking the measure of the rose windows. The Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris had an exceptionally thriving history for a considerable length of time. Before crusaders would go to their heavenly war, they used to dependably implore there. Notwithstanding that, numerous polyphonic music was being built up inside the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. Amid the French Revolution a ton of disasters happened. Notre Dame Cathedral particle Paris was seriously harmed, also numerous different basilicas found all around France. You can plainly observe that a great deal of holy people were decapitated at the Cathedrale St Etienne in Bourges. Numerous natives however did not comprehend those statues and they thought the statues of holy people found over the entries situated on the west front was a sort of portrayal of their rulers and uniquely amidst their energy for the unrest, they were brought down. Those statues were found in the time of 1970, around roughly two hundred years a short time later likewise in the Latin Quarter. A considerable measure of these church buildings treasures were gravely harmed or seriously decimated and the main thing that remained fine was the extraordinary ringers that abstained from being softened down. On account of the transformation a ton of the houses of God were devoted to the religion of Reason and a short time later they additionally wound up committed to the faction of Supreme being. The Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris was observed to be a stockroom to store sustenance in the inside. Napoleon chose to crown himself as a head believing that he would stress the critical and supremacy of the state over the congregation, later possess Josephine was likewise delegated, and his sovereign was his Martinique conceived spouse. Pope Pius the VII raised no protests in light of the fact that any way the activity would have been finished by an ecclesiastical overseer. An essayist called Victor Hugo and another craftsman like Ingres pointed out a great deal of the way that the state was in perilous and it was in dilapidation where the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris fell which raised a considerable measure of mindfulness with regards to the estimation of workmanship. The manifestations of the Middle Ages in the eighteenth century were being disregarded by the neoclassicists, the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris recolored celebrations was being supplanted by typical glass. In the nineteenth century numerous sentimental people acknowledged how remote the period was with the more prominent gratefulness and the new eyes. Development At the point when the congregation found in Paris turned into the "Parisian church of the sorts of Europe" in 1160, Maurica de Sully who is the Bishop he chosen to think about the old Cathedral in Paris (Saint Etienne/St Stephens), it was worked in the fourteenth century, however it was later on obliterated after he accepted the name or title of Bishop of Paris, because of its grandiose job and shamefulness. There were numerous legends with regards to establishments, this must be considered with a grain of salt, in the twentieth century archeological unearthings were proposed saying that the Merovingian Cathedral ought to be Replaced by Sully who was itself an exceptionally monstrous structure having a façade of 36m crosswise over and a five aisled nave. All together for the Bishop to legitimize the remaking of the more up to date style he utilized the reason which was the way that there were numerous issues of the old structure being overstated. It is said that Sully had an extremely heavenly vision about the Cathedral that was reconstructed in Paris and after that it is said that he additionally outlined it on the ground where the genuine church was found. With the goal for them to begin the development the religious administrator made in excess of one house wind up wrecked or demolished and he assembled another street for the material to be transported through to complete what is left of the Cathedral in Paris. While Louis VII was in reign in 1163 the development began. There were numerous contentions whether it was Pope Alexander the III or Sullt who fabricated and spread out the stone establishment of the Cathedral in Paris yet at the same time it was certifiably not a major ordeal since they were available in the service question. The greater part of Bishop de Sully and his life was given and devoted to the development of the Cathedral in Paris.from 1163 till roughly around 1177 the choir development began to happen. Notwithstanding that the development of the new High Altar was separate in around 1182, that appeared to be an ordinary thing to have the new church's eastern end to be done first all together for the transitory divider would be set up on the west of the choir giving the section a chance to be utilized with no intrusions while the state of the building was gradually being built up. Minister Maurice de Sully passed on in year 1196 and after that occurred, Eudes de Sully was his successor saw the completing of the transepts and proceeded with the nave which nearly was done before the time he kicked the bucket which was in the year 1208. (Religious administrator Maurice de sully and Eudes de Sully are not related). At the point when this was the time, the façade on the west was additionally being set up despite the fact that it was not completed completely until roughly around the center of the 1240s.More than one planner were taking a shot at the site while the development or building was all the while occurring, that data was clear and ensured because of the distinction in statures found on the towers and the west front, and the diverse styles. The fourth designer saw the distinction in the development with regards to the incredible corridors underneath the towers and the dimension with the rose window. In the most recent Rayonnant style the transepts were changes and renovated, that was the most recognizable and huge change in the structure amidst the thirteenth century. Jean de Chelle>GET ANSWER