Submit paper describing the various Research Methods. Discussing the four basic research approaches for the Doctoral Project, a Theoretical Study, a Qualitative methodology, or a Quantitative methodology and a Mixed Methods approach.
a result of these dystopian realities/mindsets, particularly due to political chaos, a lack of authority and counterculture explored in these texts. In the dystopian world of the first part of A Clockwork Orange, Alex’s effort to construct his self and identity in a dysfunctional family and a disordered society seems to be all in vain. The lack of any functional family system in which Alex can “interact with mature and fully realized adult selves” and its manifestation in Alex may also be characterized as dystopian. Another form of violence in the novel is domestic violence, which is partially implied. We know that Alex’s parents are scared of Alex and lest he should impose violence on them, they never complain of his disturbing behaviours such as the blare of music. On one occasion Alex tells us: “[They] had learnt now not to knock on the wall with complaints of what they called noise. I had taught them. Now they would take sleep-pills. Perhaps, knowing the joy I had in my night music, they had already taken them”. In another instance he tells that his mum “called in in a very respectful gloss, as she did now I was growing up big and strong”. It is not very hard to guess the underlying cause of his mum’s respect to him as her wish to prevent the likely violence at home. The gang’s choice to alienate themselves from the society in which they live due to their use of a language called Nadsat10 actually invented by Burgess as an argot which has “harsh, Russian-accented diction” can be viewed as another dystopian element in the novel. As the author Carl E. Rollyson noted, Burgess’s Russian-influenced slang “creates a strange and distant world. The reader approaches the novel as an outsider to that world and must try diligently to decode it to understand it”. Thus, the novel’s own creation of the identity of the British youth as a whole in the seventies is also represented; after all, the Nadsat language emerges as an aggression towards the standard English language, and becomes an unavoidable element of the new youth culture in Britain. Burgess portrays the increasing tendency to use this anti-language among the young generation which is made clear in: “Droogs, aren’t we? It isn’t right droogs should behave thiswise. See, there are some loose-lipped malchicks o’c’er there smecking at us, leering like. We mustn’t let ourselves down…There has to be a leader. Discipline there has to be.” The harsh diction of these words such as “smecking” indicates the violent nature of these Droogs, and whilst they vow to maintain control, their language ironically implies that they solely thrive off of chaos and disorder. By the end of the novel, we learn that even the Ludovico Technique could not save Alex from maintaining a new life free of crime and evil; ultimately, he forms a new group of delinquents and purposefully fails to achieve a respectable life. The youth culture he is bred makes it incapable for him to be tweaked and rectified to suit the main stream British culture, and in this way, Burgess uncovers the bleak side of integrating in British society. In McCabe’s novel, identifying Francie is a task made rather complex due to the variety of roles he plays. However, the one unchanging role that he does play is that of the narrator of the novel itself, and it is Francie’s appropriation of language which forms the body of the narrative. His attempts in the novel to control language and thus create an identity for himself are doomed to failure. For him, as for any language user, language is insufficient to deal with both the self and the world. This insufficiency is made apparent in the following passage, when Francie, on his way to murder Mrs Nugent, passes Doctor Roche’s house, and his resentment for the man whom he still blames for his parents’ deaths resurfaces; “I went by Doctor Roche’s house it was all painted up with big blue cardboard letters spread out on the grass: AVE MARIA WELCOME TO OUR TOWN. I was wondering could I mix them up to make THISIS DOCTOR ROCHE THE BASTARD’S HOUSE, but I counted them and there wasn’t enough letters and anyway they were the wrong ones”. The fragments of language that Francie inherits are not only too few, but are also unsuitable, and supplied with too few of the words he seeks Francie is fighting a losing battle. The slippage between narrative and dialogue here suggests a stream-of-consciousness way of thinking that somewhat norma>GET ANSWER