You have been asked by the Director of an elite American football training camp in Broward County, Florida, to assess the performance and progress of the academy’s players. In order to help you assess their progress he has provided you with combine test data collected at the beginning and end of the 2019-20 season.
In order to provide a comparison, the Director has obtained data from the combine of a sample of high school American football players within the state who are not part of this academy and also walk-on football players who have transitioned from other sports.
The number of players in each squad are as follows:
• Training Camp players (n=30)
• High school players (n=30)
• Walk-on players (n=30)
Players’ involvement in American football activity:
• The Training Camp players attend the camp five times per week and are provided with a fitness training programme specialised towards the fitness events at the combine.
• The high school players usually take part in two training sessions per week and have a general training plan they are encouraged to participate in independently with some guidance.
• The walk-on players train by themselves two times per week without a dedicated fitness plan for football.
You have been asked to write a report on the progress of the Training Camp players.
The data you have been given (SPSP039A1Data2021) contains the results of the combine tests undertaken by the three groups of players. The data shows the results of the combine tests recorded at the beginning of the season (July 2020) and at the end of the season (February 2021) for all three groups. Use the data from the three groups to help you assess how well the Training Camp players have progressed.
Details of the combine tests are presented below.
Your report should present the data in a visual format (e.g. tables and/or charts) and you should include statistical analysis of the data.
The task will require you to:
• Describe the findings;
• Process the data using SPSS (or transfer it to Excel if you prefer);
• Study and analyse the findings;
• Write a report describing and analysing the results;
• Present the data in an accessible format; • Undertake some statistical analysis;
• Draw conclusions based on the data.
The report should be up to 1,500 words. (NB – The word count for tables/charts you produce DO NOT count towards the total word count for your assignment. Any material presented in appendices DO NOT contribute to the word count. Tables/charts/appendices should not be a dumping ground for data – use sparingly).
The data file (SPSP039A1Data2021), is in SPSS version 23 format.
The Submission Date
• You might not need to report all the data provided. The decision on which data to include is yours. However, you should ensure you present enough of the findings in order to allow the Director of the Training Camp to appreciate any changes in players’ fitness and performance.
• You are free to choose the format and the style for the presentation of the data (e.g. tables; bar charts/pie charts/line diagram; colour/mono).
• Appropriate use should be made of headings and sub-headings.
• You do not need to make reference to other sources of literature to fulfil the requirements of the assignment. The important aspect of the assignment is to describe, present and analyse the data. However, if you do make reference to other sources, these must be cited and referenced appropriately.
• You should attempt to draw conclusions and, where appropriate, make recommendations based on the findings.
• For this exercise there are no missing data (i.e. results were obtained from every player for every test).
The Combine Tests
The combine tests undertaken by the players include the following:
Note: Combine test descriptions are adapted from the NFL website.
The 40-yard dash is the marquee event at the combine. It’s similar to the 100-meters at the Olympics: it’s all about speed, explosion and watching skilled athletes run great times. Athletes are timed at 10, 20 and 40-yard intervals. What scouts are looking for is an explosion from a static start.
Note: Only the end time after 40 yards is recorded and of interest to the Director of the Training Camp
The bench press is a test of strength – 225 pounds (102kg), as many reps as the athlete can get. What the scouts are looking for is endurance. The bench press tells the scouts how often the athlete frequented the weight room for the last 3-5 years.
The vertical jump is about lower-body explosion and power. The athlete stands flat-footed and they measure his reach. It is important to accurately measure the reach, because the differential between the reach and the flag the athlete touches is his vertical jump measurement.
The broad jump is like being in the gym class back in high school. It is testing an athlete’s lower-body explosion and lower-body strength. The athlete starts out with a stance balanced and then he explodes out as far as he can. It also tests balance because he has to land without moving.
The 3 cone drill tests an athlete’s ability to change directions at a high speed. Three cones in an L-shape. He starts from the starting line, runs 5 yards to the first cone and back. Then, he turns, runs around the second cone, runs a weave around the third cone, which is the high point of the L, changes directions, comes back around that second cone and finishes.
Shuttle Run (20-yards)
This short shuttle is the first of the cone drills. It is known as the 5-10-5. What this tests is the athlete’s lateral quickness and explosion in short areas. The athlete starts in the three-point stance, explodes out 5 yards to his right, touches the line, goes back 10 yards to his left, left hand touches the line, pivot, and he turns 5 more yards and finishes.
Shuttle Run (60-yards)
This long shuttle is the second of the cone drills. What this tests is the athlete’s vertical quickness and explosion. The athlete starts by running 5 yards to a cone in front of him, touches the line, goes back 5 yards to the starting point, then repeats two more times with cones 10 and 15 yards ahead.
The United States is home to probably the most famous and productive chronic executioners ever. Names, for example, Ted Bundy, Gary Ridgeway, and the Zodiac Killer have become commonly recognized names because of the horrendous idea of their violations. One of the most productive chronic executioners in American history is John Wayne Gacy. Nicknamed the Killer Clown in view of his calling, Gacy assaulted and killed at any rate 33 adolescent young men and youngsters somewhere in the range of 1972 and 1978, which is one of the most elevated realized casualty checks. Gacy's story has become so notable that his violations have been highlighted in mainstream society and TV shows, for example, American Horror Story: Hotel and Criminal Minds. Criminological science has, and keeps on playing, a significant function in the explaining of the case and ID of the people in question. John Wayne Gacy's set of experiences of sexual and psychological mistreatment was instrumental in arousing examiner's curiosity of him as a suspect. John Wayne Gacy was conceived on March 17, 1942, in Chicago, Illinois. Being the main child out of three kids, Gacy had a stressed relationship with his dad, who drank vigorously and was frequently damaging towards the whole family (Sullivan and Maiken 48). In 1949, a temporary worker, who was a family companion, would pet Gacy during rides in his truck; in any case, Gacy never uncovered these experiences to his folks inspired by a paranoid fear of reprisal from his dad (Foreman 54). His dad's mental maltreatment proceeded into his young grown-up years, and Gacy moved to Las Vegas where he worked quickly in the rescue vehicle administration prior to turning into a morgue specialist (Sullivan and Maiken 50). As a morgue chaperon, Gacy was intensely associated with the preserving cycle and conceded that one night, he moved into the casket of a perished adolescent kid and touched the body (Cahill and Ewing 46). Stunned at himself, Gacy re-visitations of Chicago to live with his family and graduates from Northwestern Business College in 1963, and acknowledges an administration student position with Nunn-Bush Shoe Company. In 1964, Gacy is moved to Springfield and meets his future spouse, Marlynn Myers. In Springfield, Gacy has his subsequent gay experience when a colleague unsteadily performed oral sex on him (London 11:7). Gacy moves to Waterloo, Iowa, and starts a family with Myers. Be that as it may, after consistently undermining his significant other with whores, Gacy submits his originally known rape in 1967 upon Donald Vorhees. In the coming months, Gacy explicitly mishandles a few different young people and is captured and accused of oral homosexuality (Sullivan and Maiken 60). On December 3, 1968, Gacy is indicted and condemned to ten years at the Anamosa State Penitentiary. Gacy turns into a model prisoner at Anamosa and is conceded parole in June of 1970, an only a short time after his condemning. He had to migrate to Chicago and live with his mom and notice a 10:00PM check in time. Not exactly a year later, Gacy is accused again of explicitly attacking a young kid yet the adolescent didn't show up in court, so the charges were dropped. Gacy was known by numerous individuals in his locale to be an energetic volunteer and being dynamic in network governmental issues. His function as "Pogo the Clown" the jokester started in 1975 when Gacy joined a neighborhood "Sprightly Joker" comedian club that routinely performed at raising money occasions. On January 3, 1972, Gacy submits his first homicide of Timothy McCoy, a 16-year old kid heading out from Michigan to Omaha. Guaranteeing that McCoy went into his room employing a kitchen blade, Gacy gets into an actual squabble with McCoy prior to wounding him over and again in the chest. In the wake of understanding that McCoy had absentmindedly strolled into the stay with the blade while attempting to plan breakfast, Gacy covers the body in his creep space. Gacy conceded in the meetings following his capture that executing McCoy gave him a "mind-desensitizing climax", expressing that this homicide was the point at which he "understood demise was a definitive rush" (Cahill and Ewing 349). Very nearly 2 years after the fact, Gacy submits his second homicide of a unidentified youngster. Gacy choked the kid prior to stuffing the body in his storage room prior to covering him (Cahill 349). In 1975, Gacy's business was developing rapidly and his hunger for youngsters developed with it. Gacy frequently tricked youngsters under his work to his home, persuading them to place themselves in binds, and assaulting and tormenting them prior to choking them (Cahill 169-170). The greater part of Gacy's killings occurred somewhere in the range of 1976 and 1978, the first of this time occurring in April 1976. A large number of the young people that were killed during this time were covered in a creep space under Gacy's home. For the rest of the killings, Gacy confessed to losing five bodies the I-55 extension into the Des Plaines River; in any case, just four of the bodies were ever recuperated (Linedecker 152). In December 1978, Gacy meets Robert Jerome Piest, a 15-year old kid working at a drug store and extends to him an employment opportunity at Gacy's firm. Piest illuminates his mom regarding this and neglects to restore that night. The Piest family records a missing individual's report and the drug specialist educates police that Gacy would in all probability be the man that Jerome addressed about a work. When addressed by the police, Gacy denied any contribution in Piest's vanishing. In any case, the police were not persuaded, and Gacy's set of experiences of sexual maltreatment and battery provoked the police to look through his home. Among the things found at Gacy's home were a 1975 secondary school class ring with the initials J.A.S., various driver's licenses, binds, dress that was excessively little for Gacy, and a receipt for the drug store that Piest had worked at. Throughout the following not many days, examiners got numerous calls and tips about Gacy's rapes and the puzzling vanishings of Gacy's representatives. The class ring was in the long run followed back to John A. Szyc, one of Gacy's casualties in 1977. Futhermore, after analyzing Gacy's vehicle, specialists found a little bunch of filaments looking like human hair, which were shipped off the labs for additional examination. That very night, search canines were utilized to identify any hint of Piest in Gacy's vehicle, and one of the canines demonstrated that Piest had, indeed, been available in the vehicle. On December 20, 1977, under the pressure of consistent police observation and examination, Gacy admits to more than 30 homicides and illuminates his attorney and companion where the bodies were covered, both in the creep space and the waterway. 26 casualties were found in the slither space and 4 in the stream. Gacy is captured, indicted for 33 killings, and condemned to death by deadly infusion. He endeavored a madness supplication yet was denied, and was executed on May 10, 1994. There were a few legal pointers that specialists used to attach Gacy to the homicides. A portion of these include fiber investigation, dental and radiology records, utilizing the disintegration cycle of the human body, and facial reproduction in recognizing the people in question. Examiners discovered filaments that looked like human hair in both Gacy's vehicle and close to the creep space where the bodies were covered. Notwithstanding these hair tests, specialists additionally discovered filaments that contained hints of Gacy's blood and semen in a similar territory. Blood having a place with the casualties was found on a portion of the filaments, which would later straightforwardly attach Gacy to the violations. The strands in Gacy's vehicle were dissected by legal researchers and coordinated Piest's hair tests. Moreover, the pursuit canines that discovered that Piest had been in Gacy's vehicle showed this by a "demise response", which told examiners that Piest's dead body had been within Gacy's vehicle. Out of Gacy's 33 known casualties, just 25 were ever definitively distinguished. Huge numbers of Gacy's casualties had comparative actual portrayals and were accordingly difficult to recognize by simply asking the general population. To recognize the people in question, agents went to Betty Pat Gatliff, a pioneer in legal science and facial recreation. Facial reproduction is the way toward reproducing the facial highlights of a person by utilizing their remaining parts. Certain facial highlights, for example, facial structures, nasal structure, and by and large face shape can be valuable in recognizing a casualty even long in the afterlife. By utilizing these highlights, and with the assistance of program, criminological examiners can make a picture of an individual's face, which is instrumental in recognizing casualties after their bodies have rotted. Facial remaking should be possible in a few measurements. Two-dimensional facial reproductions is utilized with skull radiographs and depend on pre-passing photos and data. Be that as it may, this isn't really ideal in light of the fact that cranial highlights are not generally obvious or at the correct scale (Downing). To get a practical and more exact portrayal of the casualty's face, a craftsman and a measurable anthropologist are normally important (Downing). Three-dimensional facial recreation is finished by models or high goal, three-dimensional pictures. PC programs can make facial reproductions by controlling filtered photos of the remaining parts and use approximations to reproduce facial highlights. These will in general deliver results that don't look fake (Reichs and Craig 491). In some cases, agents will utilize a strategy called superimposition as a method for facial recreation. Tragically, it's anything but a usually utilized technique, as it expects examiners to have some information about the character of the remaining parts they are managing. By superimposing a photo of a person over the skeletal remaining parts, examiners can check whether the facial highlights line up with the anatomical highlights, permitting them to distinguish a casualty. On account of John Wayne Gacy's casualties, specialists had the option to utilize facial remaking to distinguish nine of the bodies found in the slither space. The accompanying realistic shows the facial reproductions of these nine casualties: Since facial reproduction was insufficient to recognize the entirety of the v>GET ANSWER