Paper details Step 1: Conducting the Research Choose a location for your study. Now just stand there and do nothing for 10 minutes (you can set a timer and don’t look again until it goes off). You’re supposed to be unoccupied. Don’t appear to be waiting for someone, taking a break, sightseeing, people watching, or otherwise engaged in some kind of normal activity. Also don’t daydream or think about the past or the future; don’t entertain yourself with plans or internal dialogues. Don’t whistle, hum, fidget, look in your bag, play with your phone, take notes, or do anything else that might distract you from just being there and doing nothing. Do, however, observe the reactions of others to you, and pay attention to your own thoughts and feelings during these 10 minutes.
Some important additional notes about the research process. You must conduct this research on your own; don’t bring anyone else with you, or your results will be compromised. Please don’t get yourself or anyone else in trouble. If you’re approached by someone, it’s okay to tell them you’re doing an exercise for class. If you are disrupted and need to end early, that’s fine. Just discuss it in your field notes. Conversely, don’t worry if not much happens. Often the results are very subtle; trust that you’ll have plenty to say from just 10 minutes in the field.
Step 2: Writing Field Notes Immediately after conducting the exercise, write field notes about what happened or did not happen. Include descriptions of the setting, other people, and your own thoughts and feelings before, during, and after the exercise. Use all your senses. Good field notes should have “thick description” with many details about the scene, actions, interactions, and your own self-reflections. Be specific. Don’t summarize or generalize or analyze, just describe by focusing on the small details about what happened. Your field notes will become the source of your data. Field notes can be loosely structured; it’s fine if they are casual in tone and written in the first person. Use whatever format works best for you, and write A LOT of notes.
Step 3: Discussion and Analysis Describe your experience and the results of your research. How did the exercise help you learn to think more like a sociologist? Were you able to see things in a new way? Discuss your experience in the field and it’s meaning to you. What was it like to go “do” sociology? What was the most interesting (or challenging) part about conducting the research? Discuss what you learned about how social norms govern behavior in public places. How did it feel to violate a widely agreed upon folkway? What kinds of reactions did you notice? What does this tell you about social interaction and social order?
Thousand years Development Goals and Poverty Reduction: Nigeria Disclaimer: This work has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert scholarly essayists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any sentiments, discoveries, ends or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Distributed: Mon, 02 Oct 2017 Presentation Foundation to the Study This examination endeavor to inspect the effect of the Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria utilizing with a contextual analysis of Ado-Odo Ota, neighborhood government region, Ogun state, Nigeria. The issue of neediness in Nigeria has remained a noteworthy danger to the country's social, political and financial improvement. Each country whether it is created or less created nation contains components that are poor. Nigeria has a populace of in excess of 160 million – the biggest in Africa – and a quickly developing economy. In spite of Nigeria's copious agrarian assets and oil riches, destitution is across the board in the nation and has expanded since the late 1990s. Somewhere in the range of 70 for each penny of Nigerians live on under US$1.25 every day. Destitution has turned into a component of the living conditions and life circumstance of most by far of Nigerians. As indicated by Babatunde et al (2008), Poverty has been seen to be a worldwide marvel yet the level of this issue in creating nations has gotten to a disturbing extent. Universally, around 1.2 billion individuals are living in outrageous neediness short of what one dollar for each day and in this manner because of the high power of destitution, decreasing it has been of grave worry to numerous nations in the previous couple of decades. However, there have been a considerable measure of changes in the created world, such can't be said of creating ones particularly in the Sub-Sahara Africa where destitution is pervasive because of numerous components, for example, defilement, blunder of assets, poor program execution, poor administration and political insecurity, poor financial administration and absence of purposive authority. As indicated by Ukpong (1996), (refered to in Obadan, 1996) clarified that destitution has earned recognizable proof in the degree of its attacking society and the issues of humankind at the universal, national and neighborhood levels. The need exists now for earnest activities towards its decrease and control. In this manner, neediness is a catch and it is dehumanizing. As it were, based on what Ukpong disclosed destitution to be, it will be perfect if neediness can be destroyed. As indicated by Anyanwu (1997), Poverty has turned into a noteworthy reason for worry to scholarly, examiners, administrative, non-legislative associations and worldwide organizations. Destitution is multidimensional; it incorporates different distances and hardships, for example, absence of human capacities, poor future, poor maternal wellbeing, lack of education, poor nourishing levels, poor access to safe drinking water and view of prosperity However, the (World Bank Report, 1999), has depicted that issues in Poverty currently include: physiological and social hardships, weakness, disparity, infringement of fundamental human rights. (Zupi, 2007), additionally included that the perceptible burden in connection to the neighborhood network or the more extensive society or country to which a denied singular, family, family unit or gathering has a place is an issue in destitution. While trying to rescue the circumstance, in September 2000, 189 World pioneers thousand years summit and submitted themselves and their nations to 8 objectives known as The Millennium Development objectives (MDG's) went for addressing the requirements of the World's poorest individuals. The Millennium Development objectives have been viewed as the general cure of issues of underdevelopment. These objectives were made under the authority of Ban Ki-Moon (the Secretary General of the United Nations) through the UN to handle issues seen to keep down creating countries. It was embraced by 189 nations and marked by 174 heads of state and government. (UNDP, 2005) Boycott Ki-Moon (2009), laid more accentuation on this in his report entitled, "A guide towards the usage of the United Nations Millennium Declaration". In the expressions of Ban Ki-Moon, The world pioneers set far located objectives to free a noteworthy segment of humankind from the shackles of extraordinary neediness, appetite, lack of education and illness. They built up focuses for accomplishing sex uniformity and the strengthening of ladies, ecological soundness and a worldwide organization for advancement. To put it plainly, they received a blue print for a superior world and vowed to save no exertion in satisfying that vision (Ki-Moon, 2009). The MDG's are recorded plans by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) council on how the immature or creating nations can improve their level of advancement in various financial regions. The MDG's are: Objective 1-Eradicate outrageous destitution and craving Objective 2-Promote sexual orientation uniformity and enable ladies Objective 3-Achieve a Universal essential training Objective 4-Reduce tyke mortality Objective 5-Improve Maternal Health Objective 6-Combat HIV/AIDS, intestinal sickness and different maladies Objective 7-Ensure ecological solidness Objective 8-Develop a worldwide organization The primary objective of the United Nations Millennium improvement Goals is to destroy extraordinary neediness and yearning with Target 1 being to divide, somewhere in the range of 1990 and 2015 the extent of individuals whose wage is under $1 every day: and Target 2 being to split, somewhere in the range of 1990 and 2015, the extent of individuals who experience the ill effects of craving (Sachs, 2005:72) Since, neediness as the number 1 objective of the MDG's demonstrates a caution in both national and the worldwide world. As indicated by Yinka (2003), the UN Development Program Human improvement report scored the Nigerian government low on its endeavors to battle destitution and seek after important development in the human advancement list. The report states Nigeria is among fifty nations with the most reduced human improvement record and the 54th among 94 other creating nations where human salary neediness level remains the most elevated. Odeyale (2005) clarified that in Nigeria, around 36% or 44.3 million of the aggregate 160 million populaces are found in the real urban communities. The quick development of the Nigerians urban communities is portrayed by consistently expanding populace (because of rustic urban movement) over focused on foundation, (for example, weather beaten streets, visit control blackout, poor water supply), sub-standard living condition (in ghettos, ghetto and packed houses), high wrongdoing rate. Put in an unexpected way, it very well may be depicted that the development of populace in Nigeria is dependably on the expansion and the accessibility of defaulted foundations and low expectation for everyday life which thusly prompt low wrongdoing rate. To this end, this investigation ends up unavoidable to get to the effect of thousand years improvement objectives to neediness decrease in Nigeria. Explanation of the Problem Diverse researchers have contended about the accomplishment of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 especially in Nigeria. While a few researchers have contended that it very well may be accomplished before the set deadline of 2015, some have contended against the likelihood of its accomplishment. The Millennium Development Goals were objectives organized and figured by the United Nations in the year 2000 to help overcome any issues between the Global North and the Global South. These objectives in any case, assumed be of a positive impact to the less created nations particularly in the territory of annihilating destitution. In any case, it has been seen that a portion of the creating nations are as yet falling behind particularly in the territory of neediness decrease; Nigeria has been seen to be a nation of bounty yet is still assail with the issue of destitution. What accordingly can be said of other immature nations in Africa? The United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon is of the view that the Millennium Development Goals typify essential human rights, for example, the privilege of every individual to wellbeing, training, sanctuary and security. The Goals are goal-oriented yet achievable and together with the exhaustive United Nation advancement plan set the course for the world's push to lighten neediness by 2015. As indicated by Ban Ki-Moon (2009), the Millennium Development Goals would realize a change and to a vast degree, a genuine distinction in the lives of individuals. With solid Leadership and responsibility; this advancement can be extended in the vast majority of the world's nations by the deadline of 2015. In any case, a few researchers are not in consent to the perspective of Ki-Moon that the MDG's would realize an adjustment in the lives of individuals. As indicated by Deneulin and Shahani (2009) contended that the Millennium Development Goals come up short on an emphasis on nearby investment and strengthening (Excluding ladies strengthening). The Millennium Development Goals likewise come up short on an accentuation on maintainability, making their future after 2015 faulty. Consequently, while the MDGs are an apparatus for following advancement toward fundamental neediness decrease and give an extremely essential arrangement guide to accomplishing these objectives, they anyway don't catch every one of the components expected to accomplish the goals set out in the Millennium Declaration. The powerlessness to achieve a legitimate end with regards to the realization of the Millennium objectives by 2015 has come about to the Millennium advancement Goals remaining an issue. In this manner the embodiment of the Millennium Development Goals becomes possibly the most important factor with regards to Nigeria in the sense more than 53.6% million Nigerians which is almost 45% of the aggregate populace go to bed hungry consistently, around 70% of the aggregate 160 million nationals live beneath the all inclusive worthy survival line of $1 Dollar which is comparable to 160naira every day. Additionally, more than 5million of our adolescents are not utilized, in this manner Nigeria as indicated by the National Poverty Eradication Program (2003) is cited to be among the poorest nation on the planet. Along these lines, this examination tries to ex>GET ANSWER