Your consulting firm has been contacted by the state Department of Justice. You have served as an expert witness a few times in fraud cases and are familiar with this agency. The head of the Department of Justice, Martha Miller, tells you that there has been such an increase in fraud, the government has set aside funds to create a fraud unit devoted to prosecuting crimes in your state. Your assistance is needed to help establish this unit. As a starting point, Ms. Miller asks you to draft a memo addressing the following:
• The different types of fraud that should be included along with clear explanations of each type of fraud
• The number of working groups and/or coordinators involved in this department, their titles and functions
• Necessary investigative tools a prosecutor would need to utilize to uncover and prove fraud, especially tools arising out of criminal procedure (be sure to include how the defendant’s rights remain protected under constitutional criminal procedure)
• Whether an evidence chart is necessary in a fraud proceeding
• The role of the expert witness in a fraud trial, including what types of expert witnesses you envision necessary for the different types of fraud so that she can begin preparing a roster of qualified individuals
• Issues in evidence law to be aware of as it pertains to proving and prosecuting fraud (Ms. Miller specifically asks for identification of applicable Federal Rules of Evidence to be aware of)
Ms. Miller also notes a concern regarding fraud in the civil context. This falls outside the jurisdiction of the DOJ but she asks you to address fraud in the civil context, specifically when it might be more beneficial for the DOJ to wait to pursue a defendant criminally or to forego criminal charges all together.
As part of your preparation in answering the questions raised by Ms. Miller, you decide to chart out a fraud case in an Evidence Chart.
Separation AND ITS ROOTS Separation. It is just a seven-letter word, however it stays exceptionally dubious. It is the lawful completion of a marriage in a few nations, for example, Western nations. There are different and convoluted explanations behind separation. However, these reasons are specific to each couple - to their conjugal relationship, encounters, and in addition issues. Individuals have this thought of 'beginning to look all starry eyed at'. They would likewise ask themselves, 'Is there such thing as dropping out of adoration?' Probably, a few people say that dropping out of affection implies that there is no affection between two individuals. There are times that a man would surmise that, 'Gracious, I never again adore him.' or 'My affection for her is as of now gone.' On the other hand, a few people don't put stock in the thought of 'dropping out of adoration'. In their view, they look at that as a man was simply pulled in to the physical highlights of the individual. Or on the other hand there is only a feeling of belongingness at to start with, however that inclination or sense vanishes later. Individuals say that there is no such thing as dropping out of adoration. They consider that individuals simply used to feel the adoration and belongingness from someone else, which they never again feel later in their relationship. This involves there are some basic components to keep the relationship stable that are by and by lacking or missing. In the event that these elements are missing or truant, at that point the relationship would battle and consequently, it needs revival. Before marriage, it is imperative that the couple is prepared regarding legitimate availability, passionate status, and monetary preparation. They ought to be in the correct age to wed. They ought to be sincerely arranged for their hitched life for they would develop their new family, in this way, they would live independently with their folks. And furthermore, it is better if the couple is fiscally steady. Being monetarily steady enables the couple to give satisfactory requirements to their family. Furthermore, if the couple has an acceptable money related status, it isn't likely for them to confront budgetary emergency. There would be no money related issues emerging later on. Be that as it may, a few people don't think about this money related steadiness as a factor in marriage. A few people simply get hitched, without speculation for their future. They tend to contemplate the present and there is a feeling of disregard where they don't anticipate the potential outcomes that may occur later on. Likely, this is considered as a motivation behind why a few families confront money related issues at exhibit. It is on the grounds that they are not prepared and they are not steady monetarily. In connection to separate, a few people can't withstand the money related emergency that they encounter. They may be utilized to carry on with a rich life when they are not yet hitched. They need to escape from their money related issues that they leave their accomplices. Other individuals may conceivably submit infidelity since they need to encounter an affluent living. It is suggested that couples under money related emergency ought to talk about conceivable approaches to expand their living. They can talk about building up their privately-run company. They can likewise look for exhortation from their loved ones on how they can take care of their issues. There are cases that individuals isolate from each other on account of social contrasts. It incorporates the religious convictions and way of life contrasts. Since the couple has distinctive religious perspectives, they think that its difficult to identify with each other. There are times that they may have differentiating sees. What's more, way of life contrasts influence the relationship of a couple. On the off chance that one is sorted out and extremely efficient, while the accomplice is chaotic and has no enthusiasm to get ready for the future, at that point it would likewise be hard for them to live respectively. In any case, on the off chance that they learn comprehend that everybody is remarkable, at that point they should attempt to discover courses with the end goal for them to adjust to the exceptionality of each other. Additionally, they should pick up regard to each other on the grounds that regard is a component that makes a relationship stable. In the event that there is no regard between couples, at that point it is likely for them to have battles or squabbles. A few people leave their accomplices if the accomplice has mental unsteadiness of psychological maladjustment. A few people need their accomplice to be mentally and rationally sound in order to build up and run a beneficial life. Be that as it may, for a few people, having an accomplice who is rationally sick is exceptionally hard to the next gathering. It adds weight since you need to deal with your accomplice physically, inwardly, rationally. It is depleting to them. It is hard in light of the fact that you they to adjust to the irregularity of their accomplice. Some leave their rationally sick accomplices because of the social shame that their accomplice gets in the general public. Individuals with mental turmoil or mental inclinations have extremely poor social life. They have low socialization as a result of their characteristics. So it is plausible that the accomplices of these rationally sick individuals are not glad for them and they need to have themselves separated from that social disgrace. In any case, now and again, a few people acknowledge their accomplices for their identity. They have their own particular key and versatile approaches to adapt to the status that their have. The worry they have for their accomplice. They are anxious to give mind and additionally support to their accomplice. This help is the component that ties them together and influences them to outperform the social situations that they confront. A few people isolate in view of adolescence or impedance from guardians. There are conditions wherein one of the couple can't work beneficially without the assistance of their folks. They are not ready to carry on with their very own existence. They tend to look for help, particularly monetarily from their folks. There are likewise a few situations where in the guardians or the in-laws don't need the accomplice for their kid. It might antagonistically influence their relationship as a couple. Nonetheless, if the couple would see each other, they >GET ANSWER