1- Perform just one round operation of the S-DES for the following 8-bit input.
Input à 10011101
Find the output which becomes the input for the next round using the following figure.
2- Alice and Bob agree on prime numbers p=113 and g=11. Alice choose a random secret number as 29 and Bob choose random secret number 17. Find the shared secret key to encrypt a message using Diffie Key exchange algorithm.
3- Alice chooses (3, 33) as private key and (7, 33) as public key. Bob sends the following ciphertext message to Alice using RSA algorithm.
1, 16, 30, 2, 7, 7, 20, 22, 13, 20, 12, 20, 18, 16
Find the plain text message received by Alice.
for customers by eliminating price markups associated with buying a product from a higher company. With the level of control Vertically integrated companies had, their supply chain efficiency and profit increased (Doc D). Andrew Carnegie first used this tactic in business practice and dominated the steel market with his company Carnegie Steel. John Davison Rockefeller was an American oil industry business magnate during the gilded age. He is widely considered the wealthiest American of all time, and the richest person in modern history. His company used a different spin off of vertical integration. (Doc B) Rockefeller’s strategy of establishing a monopoly over one aspect of the production process of oil refining was labeled as horizontal integration. To eliminate his competitors, Rockefeller used his firm’s superior size to negotiate rates from the railroads that transported both his and his competitors’ oil, making it nearly impossible for his competitors to stay in business.(Doc C) This economic success occurred with a handful of businesses during the time, and shows how the tactics of horizontal and vertical integration benefited the wealthy class by giving them opportunities to become top dogs in their fields of work. Although it may seem like there are no possible benefits with vertical integration to anyone other than the entrepreneurs, a lot of the working class was impacted by this tactic as well. The rapid growth of the manufacturing industry created a great need for unskilled workers. This demand caused mass migration, farm workers moved from rural areas of the United States to find jobs in America’s rapidly growing cities. The increase in jobs was also a draw for people in foreign countries. (Doc E) Many people immigrated to the United States in search of work and the opportunity to live the American dream. They could use these new job opportunities as stepping stones into a new life of owning land or carrying out their life aspirations that their old country couldn’t fulfill. (Doc F) This was impactful because it created a large amount of jobs that required manual work, no one needed to be skilled or knowledgeable to get a job. Also due to vertical integration, our nation became industrialized and urban just like it conti>GET ANSWER