1. Explain safety and health training requirements specified by standard setting organizations.
Read the case below, complete the table below, use the OSHA publication as a guide, save all of your work to this document, and submit it in Blackboard for grading.
Background on Carter’s Material Handling Equipment Manufacturing Company
Carter’s Materials Handling Equipment Company is a small business that employs between 38 and 55 employees throughout any given year. This firm manufactures materials handling equipment that includes small cantilever racks, hand trucks, and various dollies commonly used in the manufacturing sector. The facility was built in 1958 and is roughly 80,000 square feet. The firm receives raw materials in the form of round metal tubing, sheet metal, square tubing, and cold and hot rolled metal rods.
Raw materials are removed from flatbed trailers using a large, LP-gas-powered forklift with the assistance of smaller, LP-gas-powered forklifts. These materials are stored in racks in the receiving/shipping department. From there, raw materials are moved via forklift and various heavy duty carts to the fabrication department. This department cuts, punches, bends, copes, and shears the various materials into parts used to make the final product.
The metal fabrication department includes two 70-ton, part revolution mechanical power punch presses, three 250-ton, part revolution press brakes, a 300-ton hydraulic press, two pipe benders, a twelve-foot shear, a 10-foot shear, a mill for milling a bevel on hand truck toe plates, several off-hand grinders, and two large drill presses. The fabrication department can get quite noisy for days at a time (>85 dB), especially when making cantilever racks. The department includes maintenance workers to keep the machines running.
After being cut, punched, bent, and formed, fabricated parts go to the welding department or the Work in Process (WIP) crib. WIP includes a mezzanine and an area populated with pallet racks for storage.
In the welding department, there are 12 MIG welding machines that are used by welders to assemble the parts into the pre-finished items manufactured by the firm. The welders also use an assortment of hand-held grinders and an oxyacetylene torch. Once welded, items either go in their pre-finished condition into inventory, or are further processed by the painting department. Pre-finished items that are inventoried are taken to one of two mezzanines or placed in storage racks. In the painting department, items are wiped down with various solvents and hung on an overhead hook conveyor. Items go into the paint booth where they are painted using various enamels. Xylenes and Toluene are common solvents used in this operation. The paints also contain these solvents.
After painting, axles and wheels are applied, and the completed products are boxed up in the shipping/receiving department or, depending on their size, loaded directly on trucks with no packaging. Larger items, such as racks, are loaded onto flatbeds using an unmanned overhead crane controlled by a pendant control. Smaller items are typically loaded onto standard semi-trailers using battery-powered forklifts or pallet jacks.
Carter’s OSHA Form 300 log of injuries and illnesses for the past year reveals that eight employees experienced minor injuries (cuts) from handling metal parts, one employee lost 15 workdays after getting debris in his eye while grinding, six employees lost two days each due to back strains, and four welders were treated for minor burns.
The human resources manager provided you with this additional information about the departments and their employees:
• Shipping/Receiving Department: 60% male, 40% female. Age range 18-62. 80% have completed high school; some attend junior college. Temporary employees are added when production is high, usually in summer
• Metal Fabrication Department: 80% male, 20% female. Age range 30-45. All have completed high school and some have junior college technical training.
• Welding Department: 50% male, 50% female. Age range 25-50. All have completed high school and all have completed junior college technical training.
• Painting Department: 30% male, 60% female. Most have completed high school. Some are attending college, pursuing bachelor’s degrees.
While all employees understand and speak English, several employees in the Shipping/Receiving Department use Spanish as their primary language. All employees work 7 AM – 4PM with a one-hour lunch break, Monday through Friday. On Saturday, overtime is worked at peak production times, usually in the summer. The shop is not unionized, and employee relations are good. The annual employee turnover is 5%. The average employee has worked for Carter for 6.5 years. Some employees have worked for Carter for more than 15 years.
You have been hired by Carter to develop an effective safety training program for his employees. Carter is concerned about being in compliance with regulations and standards, so your first task is to identify 10 training requirements from the OSHA standards that apply to Carter’s operations. Carter’s operation will be required to meet more than 10 OSHA standards; however, your job is to identify what you feel are the 10 most important. List the 10 requirements in the order in which they should be developed and specify which department(s) should receive the training. Then, provide a brief justification (rationale) for each training requirement identified—why is it one of the most important?
Obviously, there are a few chances to combining the two stadiums. On the off chance that the merger is effective, the Cookeville Eagles could make enough income to construct a greater stadium in the city. In the event that another stadium is manufactured, business openings increment in the stadium. Albeit little increments in work rates emerge from another stadium, bigger increments are found in neighborhood organizations as a result of the wearing occasion fascination (Wassmer, 2001, p. 267). "As to wide salary builds that could happen from stadia, Mills, as most financial specialists, focused on the significance of checking just spending that would not have happened without the games setting" (Wassmer, 2001, p. 267). Inhabitants inside the Cookeville zone would likewise burn through cash on the athletic occasion rather than an occasion held outside the region. Every one of these open doors would come about because of acquiring more cash from an expanded fan base being associated with two urban areas. Alongside the potential chance of building another stadium is the capability of turning into a National Football League group which would be unprecedented for Cookeville. A tragic side of combining two stadiums is the potential loss of fans from the city of Cookeville. Some neighborhood fans could see that the organization of the Cookeville Eagles may not see that Cookeville is an adequate city to have a small time football group. Fans could wind up disheartened the small time football group would considerably consider isolating home amusements. Using two urban areas as home field preferred standpoint could influence the group in a negative way and dishearten nearby and group association just like the contrary case for Manchester City in 2003 when they considered migrating the stadium in light of the fact that the ticket deals and fan participation were declining (Edensor and Millington, 2008, p. 174). The danger was so serious to Manchester City's soccer association, rather than moving the stadium, the advertising and special groups spoke to the extremist, neighborhood fans by advancing definite shirts that unified the group (Edensor and Millington, 2008, p. 173). In the city of Cookeville, part 50% of the home amusements could be viewed as a route for the Cookeville Eagles to leave Cookeville all together in the long run. Another danger is that Nashville may not concur with the merger for the motivations behind having Cookeville as a potential adversary later on. On the off chance that the Cookeville Eagles prevail with regards to ascending to the NFL, the Tennessee Titans could lose fans to the opponent, Cookeville Eagles since they are in a similar state. Talk about and expound on why you are for or against the new small time Cookeville Eagles group. Knowing the city of Cookeville depends on the encompassing athletic groups and is exceptionally engaged with the group, a small time group would not profit the city of Cookeville. Proceeding with the merger of the two stadiums, I don't concur with either. Since Cookeville spins around the respectability of the group, the shortcomings and dangers exceed the qualities and chances of a small time group in the city. The best style of administration starting a group in Cookeville is absolutist despite the fact that in the end the authority style would change to enable the workers to voice their suppositions. Despite the fact that a dictatorial authority style would be the most helpful for beginning off another expert group, I trust the general population and encompassing group have the most imperative say in bringing an expert small time football group into Cookeville. Starting a group is troublesome particularly in the city of Cookeville where group individuals indicate direct help the college athletic groups. On account of the trouble starting a group and because of an absence of enthusiasm for the group football group for the college, it isn't in the best enthusiasm for Cookeville to put resources into an expert small time football group. Likewise with any new and old game association there are gambled included. Subsequently, you should characterize and clarify what chance administration entails(do not skirt this piece of the inquiry). Find an expert National Football League (NFL) court case connect with hazard administration. The court cases can center around one of the accompanying: swarm control wellbeing as it identifies with the law, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) as it identifies with office administration, security issues at an expert occasion, or crisis therapeutic readiness. Update, the court case should be NFL related. The objective is to enable you to be proactive as the future proprietor of the "Cookeville Eagles." Hazard administration uses a few assets inside an association to evaluate, control, and keep up a condition, protest, or circumstance that conceivably hurts individuals (Fuller and Drawer, 2004, p. 349). The procedure of hazard administration requires counteractive action, correspondence, and a readiness by all gatherings included including office administrators, restorative staff, police, paramedics, competitors, occasion staff, players, supervisors, mentors, and even the fans. Overseeing potential dangers in an athletic domain is a critical detail for sports organizations to give wellbeing to partners. Rehearsing crisis circumstances, rectifying stadium ADA infringement, and understanding group security or activity control ought to be needs for an athletic office consistently. Take after the configuration recorded underneath: Ritchie v. National Football League, State of Hawaii On September 18, 2013, Deb Ritchie (offended party) recorded a case in the First Circuit Court of the State of Hawaii against the National Football League (NFL) and the State of Hawaii (respondents). Ritchie claims the litigants damaged the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the restoration Act, and state law claims in light of Defendants' disavowal for Ritchie to sit front-push amid the 2013 Pro Bowl at Aloha Stadium. Offer and clarify the genuine case The two gatherings have recorded movements against each other. The NFL and the State contend that Ritchie has no justification for inability separation asserts and did not build up any actualities to help claims against ADA infringement in Aloha Stadium. While the State looked for fractional rundown judgment on Ritchie's Rehabilitation Act assert on the grounds that Aloha Stadium had gotten no government stores, Ritchie looked for an outline judgment for the NFL was in charge of all task choices in Aloha Stadium at the 2013 Pro Bowl. The State possesses and works Aloha Stadium (page 3). Amid the 2013 Pro Bowl, the NFL and State denied Ritchie access to her ticket in a front line situate in light of the fact that she battled with portability and offered her to sit in the ADA available seats (page 3-4). Since the NFL was under permit concurrence with Stadium Authority, the NFL has the privilege to choose all activities of Aloha Stadium including security points of interest, staffing choices, (page 4-6). Amid the 2011 and 2012 Pro Bowls, Ritchie delighted in going to the amusements with her family. She bought ten tickets to the 2013 Pro Bowl with the goal of sitting in the front column. Before the 2013 Pro Bowl, Ritchie was in a mischance that expected her to be subject to a wheelchair and braces to move. She educated a NFL worker about her status and asked for field access to get to her front seat since the wheelchair seating was "far up in the endzones" (page 8). The NFL reacted by pleasing her with available seating in an alternate segment and denied Ritchie field get to. After a progression of messages between security faculty, the offended party, and the litigants, the NFL offered Ritchie the same valued seats in ADA open seating of the stadium (page 9). Ritchie met with the authorities and educated them she would not surrender her front line situate, would have the capacity to get to her seat with potential entanglements, was all the while planning a field pass offer. The NFL was worried that Ritchie's essence in a non-ADA open region would be a hazard for her and others around her. The litigants offered her a field goes amid the training day before the master bowl on the off chance that she agreed to the stadium ADA controls. Despite the fact that the Stadium Authority urged Ritchie to utilize her available seats offered, they educated her they would not hinder her from heading off to her seat as long as she didn't use the staff the arrive. On diversion day, Ritchie's wheelchair comes up short which brought about her requesting help to get to her seat. The staff part obliged and gave her a wheelchair while helping her to the seat. In any case, when the staff part discovered that Ritchie was in the front column, he talked with his bosses about the circumstance. Ritchie was permitted to sit in the seats in the event that she could get to the seat without anyone else securely. With spectators and other stadium expert, Ritchie was not ready to make it to her seat without others seeing her reeling and at a high danger of falling yet she pointed the finger at her poor coordination on the staff not enabling her to move since they were so near her. After the endeavor of making it to her seat herself and being halted by the stadium associate to sit in the ADA open seating, Ritchie declined to consent to the stadium rules. On the off chance that she didn't go along, Ritchie was to be escorted out of the stadium. Ritchie agreed and went to her open seat begrudgingly. In 2014, Ritchie bought front column seats for the Pro Bowl once more. She could make it to her seat with help from a man she carried with her which Ritchie cases would have occurred in 2013 had staff individuals not been in her direction. There is video confirmation of Ritchie utilizing a person's help while going down the stairs in 2014. Ritchie additionally has plans of going to a few Pro Bowls for restorative and individual reasons. Express the issue For Ritchie to have real claims against the NFL, she needed to demonstrate that she endured damage, that the damage is identified with the NFL's activities, and the damage can be reviewed by a choice to support her. The issue is that Ritchie can't follow the damage back to the NFL since Stadium Authority had control over th>GET ANSWER