Trace the Scientific Method in a Primary Scientific Article
• recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems
• weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method.
• Please review one of the provided Science Daily articles and the corresponding peer-reviewed scholarly written article below.
1. Identify and describe the steps of the scientific method. Which observations do you think the scientists made leading up to this research study? Given your understanding of the experimental design, formulate a specific hypothesis that is being tested in this experiment. If a hypothesis is stated, please rewrite it IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Describe the experimental design including control and treatment group(s), and dependent and independent variables. Summarize the results and the conclusion (50 points)
2. Criticize the research described. Things to consider: Were the test subjects and treatments relevant and appropriate? Was the sample size large enough? Were the methods used appropriate? Can you think of a potential bias in a research study like this? What are the limitations of the conclusions made in this research study? Address at least two of these questions in your critique of the research study (20 points).
3. Discuss the relevance of this type of research, both for the world in general and for you personally (20 points). Proper grammar will count for 10 points.
4. Write a paper with title page, introduction, paragraphs addressing the questions, conclusion and references. You must write in your own words and paraphrase information from the selected information sources, addressing each of the questions for your chosen topic. Your paper should consist of less than 10% direct quotes. Your paper should be 500 – 750 words, excluding references and title page. Use APA style for references, see https://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/apa_tutorial.cfm
Article options (choose one): I CHOSE THE BELOW ON MULTIVITAMINS
Multivitamins in pregnancy may be linked to lower autism risk in children
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171004190457.htm. An international research team set out to assess whether nutrient supplementation during pregnancy is associated with reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder, with and without intellectual disability.
Journal Reference: DeVilbiss, E. A., Magnusson, C., Gardner, R. A.,Rai, D., Newschaffer, C.J. Lyall, K., Dalman, C. Lee, B.K., Antenatal nutritional supplementation and autism spectrum disorders in the Stockholm youth cohort: population based cohort study. BMJ, 2017 Oct 4;359:j4273. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.j4273
Submit in assignment folder by due date stated in the course schedule.
Your paper will be graded based on the following criteria:
Excellent (90 – 100%) Good (75 – 89%) Adequate (50 – 74%) Unacceptable (0-49%)
The Scientific Method
50 points All steps of the scientific method in the provided research study is clearly and accurately identified and described.
45-50 points One of the steps in the scientific method in the provided research study is not described and/or minor issues with clarity and accuracy in identifying and describing the steps of the scientific method.
38-44 points Two of the steps in the scientific method in the provided research study are not described and/or major issues with clarity and accuracy in identifying and describing the steps of the scientific method.
25-37 points Most or all of the steps in the scientific method is not described.
Critique of Research
20 points Clear, accurate, relevant and well organized critique of research, commenting on at least two issues.
18-20 points Minor issues with clarity, accuracy, relevance or organization in critique of research.
15-17 points Major issues with clarity, accuracy, relevance or organization in critique of research, and/or commenting on only one issue.
10-14 points No or minimal critique of research.
Discussion of Relevance
20 points Discussion of the relevance of this research study, both to the world and to you personally, is clear and accurate.
18-20 points Minor issues with clarity or accuracy in the discussion of the relevance of this research study to the world and to you personally.
15-17 points Major issues with clarity and accuracy in the discussion of the relevance of this research study or missing relevance to world or to you personally.
10-14 points No or minimal discussion of relevance to world or you personally.
10 points Fewer than 3 minor spelling/grammatical errors
9-10 points 4-8 spelling/grammatical errors
7-8 points 9-12 spelling/grammatical errors
5-6 point More than 13 spelling /grammatical errors.
Scientific method research article review. Reality Shows ought to be Banned The principle embodiment of reality indicates is to put customary individuals in a social bound setting with remarkable condition and exercises with the point of engaging groups of onlookers with the deception that what is happening isn't scripted nor practiced. Most reality indicates endeavor to persuade the group of onlookers that the members of the show are being pushed to their physical, enthusiastic or physiological points of confinement keeping in mind the end goal to finish a particular undertaking or accomplish a specific objective of which gathering of people give a shout out to their most loved member. With the adjustment in times and innovation most reality demonstrates have gone over load up and have overlooked the essential idea of reality appears and are presently concentrating more on amusement than reality that has prompt increment in sexual introduction, embarrassment and unethical behavior. Reality demonstrates have lost their way from unique arrangement like survivor to the new average arrangement of two famous people living in a homestead yard for seven days. Unscripted television has joined the positions of day time stimulation and has lost the start of unconstrained creativity from different types of scripted amusement. Moreover, the most acclaimed reality demonstrates worldwide are enormous sibling and Idols; these two are cases of scripted and very much practiced reality appears. In the simply closed scene of icons a judge was set out to sing unexpectedly and it so happened just by "fortuitous event" that the band began playing a melody which the judge joined in determinedly decisively. The crowed cheered and acclaimed for the "unforeseen" execution by the judge. Such reality T.V. demonstrates give watchers and all the more so kids bogus any desire for a "joyfully ever after" the truth were saints and courageous women live in this manner offending the knowledge of the watchers. On account of huge sibling watchers are subjected to sex as a type of excitement. Connections framed in the enormous sibling house give the member a superior shot of winning the opposition and increment his/her evaluations in this way the group of onlookers invests energy and cash voting in favor of the member so they can appreciate seeing the members relationship develop. Also, because of the full divulgence nature of the demonstrate all exercises are communicated and indicated live on our T.V. sets uncovering and empowering our adolescents, youthful grown-ups and youngsters to sex, impropriety and unbridled practices. Besides, the basic comic saying "its clever until the point when somebody gets hurt, at that point it's entertaining" becomes animated in most reality appears. Makers of reality demonstrates profit by the death and mishaps of members. At the point when a candidate tumbles down or gets hurt in any case it is taken as a type of amusement or comic drama not knowing the mortification and mental injury they impart in the member. Cases of such shows are "demonstrate to me the interesting" "Genuine T.V." and "Dread factor". Demonstrate to me the interesting gains by bloopers of home made recordings which indicate relative having mishaps, for example, hitting each other being chomped by a snake or painting the town hit them on their appearances. Turning such dangerous or even deadly mischances to o type of silliness urges youngsters to see viciousness and mishaps as vivacious occasions and not the shaky exercises they are. Makers additionally benefit from the expulsion or the powerlessness of a member to finish a specific task. The embarrassment and response of a member being ousted or tolerating rout is a high purpose of most reality T.V. which is ethically and morally off-base. The disappointment of a kindred person ought to be disapproved of and not celebrated. The arranged scripting and acting that occurs as a general rule T.V. indicates affronts the watcher's insight. A decent case of this is the most prominent TV appear on the planet, the WWE wrestling. Such shows give the watchers the confusions that what is happening is impromptu, unconstrained and rash but then they are definitely not. The physical manhandle that is involved in the WWE wrestling show is unfeasible, crazy and impracticable. No person can with stand such abuse and keep on showing animosity to his adversary with full body quality. Greater part of the group of onlookers realize that such reality demonstrates are scripted and planned however to the youthful and youthful on a fundamental level, the level of conviction and belief they have in all actuality indicates is risky to their psychological ability to recognize real viciousness from anecdotal exhibitions. Such reality demonstrates influence the social collaborations of young people. They energize brutality as a type of amusement and not the monstrous, hostile direct that it is. Such Reality demonstrates have advanced viciousness in youngsters which has thus expanded group related gore in America and rough conduct schools. Despite the fact that most fierce reality indicates attempt and caution the group of onlookers against playing out their illogical physical fetes and inclination, gatherings of people can't resist the opportunity to experiment with what they see on T.V. what's more, thusly wind up harming themselves as well as other people simultaneously. Conflictingly the prohibiting of reality shows would give us bogus any expectation of shielding our kids from the awful part of "sex and brutality" since it isn't just as a general rule demonstrates that our youngsters are presented to sex and viciousness, innovation has made it workable for our kids to get to sexual substance and savage amusements and recordings by means of the web. In spite of the fact that restricting reality shows would lessen the measure of sexual substance they would be presented to it would just clear approach to new types of sexual and fierce diversion which would advantageously achieve our youngsters. Unscripted television indicates are one however not the most sexually unequivocal types of excitement, so we ought not escape our selves that prohibiting unscripted tv would take care of the issue, it will just decrease it for a some time, until the point when different types of express amusement tag along. Restricting unscripted television will overstep of global laws. It would be an encroachment of fundamental rights, the right to speak freely. Each and all human have the privilege to communicate in a way they consider fit thus by restricting unscripted television indicate we would negate with their law based ideal to pass on their grievances and perspectives. In view of this it is mistaken to boycott the shows since the vast majority of the makers know their rights and tail them to the last mentioned, this will pass on the infringement of these rights and consequently it will be impracticable. The watchers too have without a doubt the privilege to watch these shows and entertain themselves; prohibiting these shows will make a worldwide clamor from the watchers who get delight from these shows, it will likewise be in rupture of the watchers rights. We ought to likewise take heart in the way that a great many people will se directly through scripted reality appears. We live in an educated world where data is readily available. The shallow contents and consistency of fair unscripted television are adages and with time gatherings of people will recognize scripted planned and composed unscripted television appears and the genuine article. Toward the day's end if a reality demonstrate does not speak to your regular daily existence and circumstance then one should realize that the show is scripted. All the more so with data and innovation simple openness most watchers become more acquainted with the emptiness of unscripted television shows and watch them demurely for amusement. This makes the restricting of the shows unessential and insignificant in light of the fact that to the watchers they are pretty much a type of entertainment. At last we have to acknowledge that reality indicates have gone wrong and are not what they used to be. We have to request that ourselves who is fault, the makers who make the unscripted television shows or we the group of onlookers who give the makers motivation to sensationalize reality in a sexually indecent manner that that influence the conduct and ethics of our young. On the off chance that the makers made genuine reality demonstrates that address the everyday occasions of our lives would we watch them with similar interests we watch the current scripted shows? Would despite everything we appreciate the genuine clashes triumphs and battles or would we say we are now snared to the cleanser musical drama sort of unscripted television that is being communicated all through the world/would we say we are our own particular most exceedingly awful casualties, impacting the expansion of sex brutality and shamelessness such is life TV appears? Or on the other hand would it be advisable for us to move the fault to the individuals who create the shows? On the off chance that we didn't make a business opportunity for low quality TV creations would our youngsters be presented to such horrifying diversion extend? The inquiry remains would it help if unscripted television was restricted? References Murray, S. and Ouellete, L. (2008). Unscripted television: Remaking Television Culture.(2nd Ed). New York, NYU Press. Need assistance with your article? Investigate what our article composing administration can improve the situation you: Enter our Essay Archive Paper Writing Service Understudy composing a paper on a PC Our Dissertation Writing administration can help including full expositions to singular sections. Stamping Service Speaker checking work Our Marking Service will enable you to choose the zones of your work that need change. All Services Understudy composing a task on a PC Completely referenced, conveyed on time. Get the additional help you require now. >GET ANSWER