Susan is the director of scientific computing at a large utility company. The people she supervises are all college graduated with backgrounds in science, engineering, or math. These people do systems work and computer programming that is more problem-oriented than other programmers in the company and the people in Joan’s department are quite close-knit

Susan hired Mike into the group from the Engineering Department. Mike, who had worked for the company for seven years, learned the programming easily and was doing quite well. One year later Thomas was hired into the group by Joan. Thomas and Mike both assimilated into the group quickly.

About a month later, Joan’s problems began. Information was quite freely shared by members of the group, especially job-related information such as salary. When Mike learned that Thomas was making more money than he was, he was quite upset. Thomas was doing the same kind of work with less experience at his new job. He also had had less total working time with the computer only four years.

When Mike voiced his concern to his boss, he was told that the company had specific guidelines for raises and wide salary ranges for each job level. Thomas was just on the high side of his old job’s salary range and received a hefty raise when he was promoted to this new job. Mike was not pleased with the setup because he had received a raise just before Thomas came and knew that it would be a year before he would get another one. In Mike’s mind, he was now qualified, more experienced, had better knowledge of the company, and if nothing else, more seniority than Thomas. Mike’s attitude and discontent was apparent in his work, and although Susan could not really prove it, Mike caused serious delays in projects. Also, new errors seemed to be cropping up in the computer programs that came out of Joan’s section.

Case Study Questions

1. What role does equity play in this case?

2. Should companies demand that individuals not reveal their salaries? Why or why not?

3. Comment on the salary system and weakness you see in it.

4. If you were the director, how would you handle Mike?

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.

 

References

Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.