Racial and gender assumptions are drawn from physical social structures differently than in online social structures. In other words, identity works differently in social media than in the physical social world, so how we perform and consume cues and expectations about race and gender (and other social identities) are different.
If you agree with that proposition, why do you think that is? Can you think of an example that illustrates how social identity works differently in social media than in other contexts?
If you disagree, explain why. What’s an example that shows there is no significant difference?
increasingly more during the last few many years, there was a wealth of studies focused on inspecting the outcomes that trauma work has on individuals who are working with traumatized individuals (e.g. Baird & Kracen 2006; Chouliara, Hutchison & Karatzias, 2009; Cohen & Collens, 2013; Crumpei & Dafinoiu, 2012a, 2012b; Finklestein, Stein, Greene, Bronstein, & Solomon, 2015; Hutchison & Karatzias, 2009; Ivicic & Motta, 2017; %, 2013; Voss, Holohan, Didion & Vance, 2011; Wang, Strosky & Fletes, 2014). Vicarious Trauma (VT) is substantially recognised as a idea in the discipline of psychotherapy, with a standard attractiveness that running with traumatized people can lead to negative impacts on the psychological fitness and nicely-being of intellectual health specialists (MHP); (Cohen & Collens, 2013). but, the empirical studies in this subject matter has been wrought with demanding situations (Devilly, Wright, & Varker, 2009) and keeps to stay “fragmented, inconsistent, and does not constitute a coherent body of labor” (Chouliara, Hutchison & Karatzias, 2009; p.48). therefore, this file goals to shed mild on the following subject matter: what's the MHP’s experience of vicarious trauma whilst counselling trauma customers? VT described research indicates that a unique feature of imparting psychotherapy to customers is oblique traumatisation and distress to the practitioner themselves (for instance, Chouliara, Hutchison, & Karatzias, 2009; Cohen & Collens, 2013; Ivicic & Motta, 2017; Phipps & Mitchell, 2003; Sprang, Clark, & Whitt-Woosley, 2007). This incidence is termed as vicarious traumatisation (Baird & Kracen, 2006), which has been widely embraced in intellectual health research and is the centre of the current record. A whole definition, as proposed by way of Pearlman and Saakvitne (1995), is obtainable within the following: “The internal transformation that happens in the internal revel in of the therapist (or different professional) that comes approximately because of empathic engagement with customers' trauma cloth.” (p. 31). Researchers continue to analyze the revel in of VT as a separate incidence from different associated terms inclusive of PTSD, secondary disturbing stress (STS), counter transference and burnout (e.g. Baird & Kracen, 2006; Tosone, Nuttman-Shwartz & Stephens, 2012). it's miles postulated that VT differs from burnout as it arises from an interpersonal interaction rather than a piece-associated context (Maslach, Schaufeli, & Leiter, 2001). It has also been proposed that VT varies from counter transference because the latter is seemed as a controlled, brief-time period response (Harrison, 2009). in addition, it's miles concept that VT is more complicated than STS as it specializes in the principle of what's taking vicinity within the context of trauma counselling (Tosone, Nuttman-Shwartz & Stephens, 2012). but, other contradictory research has observed that VT, burnout and secondary stressful pressure (STS) all converge and in essence relate to the equal concept (e.g. Devilly, Wright & Varker, 2009). Vicarious Traumatisation has been documented in a huge variety of organizations, in both scientific and non-scientific settings. Such cohorts within the mental health field consist of clinicians supplying mental health interventions to victims of trauma (e.g. Bride, 2007; %, 2013), mainly in operating with sexual trauma survivors (Mouldern, & Firestone, 2007) and military veterans (Bride, & Figley, 2009; Voss, Holohan, Didion, & Vance, 2011). VT has also been observed in non-mental fitness settings which include healthcare, emergency and community offerings (Cocker & Joss, 2016); with studies highlighting those among the affected as fireplace combatants (Brown, Mulhern, & Joseph, 2002; Jahnke, Poston, Haddock, & Murphy, 2016), ambulance workers (Cocker & Joss, 2016), those running with sufferers of catastrophes (which include earthquakes, hurricanes, and warfare (Wee & Myers, 2002), humanitarian resource employees and peacekeepers (Eriksson, Vande Kamp, Gorsuch, Hoke, & Foy, 2001), legal professionals (Levin & Greisberg, 2003) and baby protection people (Bride, Jones & MacMaster, 2007; Nelson-Gardell & Harris, 2003). at the same time as VT is extensively experienced across varied settings and contexts, this document will discover VT in intellectual health specialists completely. concept at the process of VT The constructivist self-development theory [CSDT]; (McCann & Pearlman, 1990; cited i>GET ANSWER