Social media as propaganda tools: Russia’s hacking of US politics

Arab world and pan-Arab media

The Arab world comprises 22 countries and territories of the Arab League. The total population in the area is about 425 million. Egypt and Saudi Arabia have the largest population. The dominant religion in the area is Islam. More than 50% population in the area is young people under 25 years old, forming a very large media market for entertainment programs.

Since the early 1990s, Arab national broadcasting systems focused on development, propaganda, and national unity have been overshadowed by a pan-Arab satellite television industry whose ownership and agendas converge and compete with nation-state policies. The rise of the pan-Arab satellite broadcasting has proliferated to yield more than 200 channels reaching an audience of approximately 325 million, forming a transnational media system.

Arab satellite channels and networks enjoy the freedom to broadcast content that is largely unrestricted by constraints imposed on state-controlled media. Programming on many Arab satellite channels features frank and sometimes controversial reporting and discussion of social and political issues, such as the popular talk show Sweet Talk, which is inspired by the American television series The View.

Arab satellite networks trend not only toward democratization but also profit, taking into account many facets of Western commercial broadcasting models including audience demographics, branding and market share, from which we can see the influence of the liberal model of the US in the Arab world.

What are the prominent changes in the Arab media in the post-revolutionary era?

What are the characteristics of media in communist regimes?





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