Explain Toby’s argument regarding why people support punishment.
If the social control of deviance is dependent on our use of punishment, can we eliminate punishment?
According to Durkheim, what is the primary purpose of punishment?
Did Durkheim believe that punishment is necessary for preventing crime?
According to Durkheim, what would happen to the morale of conformists if law-violators were not punished for their crimes?
According to Rock’s article, how do courts, as a mechanism of social control, reinforce normative boundaries?
What are some of the obstacles that inhibit the courts from adequately reinforcing normative boundaries?
prevalence of crime. Law would simply be a set of groundless rules that can hardly be applied to the public, and it would not be able to fully exercise its function. Similarly, crime is also a necessity when it comes to creating jobs. The police department, occupations in the legal sector, private security etc, all these are jobs upheld by the presence of crime. In every superhero movie, a well-developed antagonist is crucial in order to have an interesting and coherent storyline, that is the same in real life. Ironically crime is a problem that needs to be fixed, but its complete extermination could mean a certain level of losses as well. The essential debate of crime is the debate of how an equilibrium can be achieved between the pursuit of societal peace in the long term, and the prevention of the underlying conditions of deviance. There is always a vital relationship between deep structural problems of our society and the rise and fall of crime rates. The idea that crime is destructive and should be eradicated is not wrong, but we also should not ignore the possibilities of positive change that are embedded within the pervasiveness of crime. The aforementioned positive aspects of crime bring us to a conclusion that crime is here to stay, but it depends on us to decide whether we should gain or lose from it. A small degree of crime is good for the society when we balance our desire for security with risk, and the call of liberty with the need of restraint. A prosperous society is a product of cultivation, and that is why crime is so important.>