1. How successful have International prosecutions been in achieving justice after mass violence? What are the strengths and limitations of international trials? Answer with reference to the activities of a particular court and cases. 2. Forgetting and remembering are different ways of approaching past violence. What are the consequences adopting these different approaches to manage the legacy of past violence in political transitions? Answer by providing examples of the way individual and collective memory are used to produce truth and official memory. 3. How have victim-centred strategies been used to promote social healing after conflict? Discuss by exploring concepts of trauma, memory, victimhood, reconciliation and human rights. Discuss with reference to at least 2 examples. 4. Why have Western states come to see international terrorism as a major national security threat? Discuss by looking at the relationship between state legitimacy, order and the mediated spectacle of abject violence. Discuss with reference to at least 2 examples. 5. Spatial strategies to manage violence using walls (peace walls, gated communities, urban tourniquets) usually invoke security to justify the need for protection from the dangerous/impure ethnic other, from terrorists or from criminals. What has been the impact of such spatial strategies of protection for populations on both sides of the divide? Discuss with reference to at least 2 examples.







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