Identify each of the people/objects/places/terms/events below. In a short answer, explain why are they significant and how they influenced Early Western History?
Directions: Be prepared to answer the following questions. Answer the question completely and include some discussion of primary sources, where appropriate, to support your answer.
How did the geographic landscape of the Greeks influence their society?
Discuss the importance of Greek drama on our understanding of events and politics during the Golden Age of Athens.
Discuss the importance of the hoplite.
Do you think Periclean Athens can be considered a Golden Age?
Explain the concept of arētē as portrayed in the Iliad and how it shaped Greek culture.?
How did Alexander the Great’s conquests alter the political and cultural landscape of the Afro-Eurasian world? Was he truly ‘Great’?
Discuss the major philosophies developing in Greece.
Describe the development of democracy in Athens and the problems of imperialism.
However, they have conflicting views on to what extent these preparations were made in order to bring down the unions. The strict trade union laws have also been credited for the failure of the strike with Norman Tebbit, who introduced the trade union law reforms, saying “because of my reforms, if these other unions had joined an illegal strike, the Coal Board could have asked the court to confiscate their funds”. However, we have to be careful when using this as evidence as Tebbit may have been trying to take credit for the failure of the strike. The appointment of Ian McGregor as head of the NCB can also be argued as a factor in the failure of the strike as he was known to be “notoriously formidable… had no pity for the poor miners, and was determined to keep them working and living in conditions that no human being should be made to endure”. Therefore government preparations was definitely a factor in the failure of the miner’s strike but to what extent, can be argued. However, it can be argued that government preparations weren’t sufficient enough in order to bring down the miners. The appointment of Ian McGregor as head of the NCB can be seen as a failure on Thatcher’s behalf showing that the government’s preparations were insufficient to cause the strike to fail. Margaret Thatcher even described McGregor as “lacking in guile” as he was used to dealing with financial difficulties and hard bargaining and had no experience with dealing with trade union leaders. This confirms the fact that Thatcher and Ian McGregor often didn’t see eye-to-eye, an example of this is the issue with the NACODs strike. However, we have to be careful when using Thatcher as a source as she may be trying to give more credit to her successes and deflecting her failures onto other people such as Ian McGregor. Seumas Milne, who takes the Marxist view, supports Thatcher’s argument that government preparations weren’t sufficient enough to cause the failure of the strike. He mentions how the strikers “overtime ban was biting deep into power-station coal stocks” and goes on to say “If it was allowed to continue until the autumn, managers warned, a twelve-week strike would be enough to put the country’s lights out”. However, Thatcher, herself, has discredited this view saying “He (Arthur Scargill) was making wild claims that the CEGB had only eight weeks of coal stocks. In fact, stocks were much higher”. It can be argued that both Marxist and Mainstream Media view give credit to the fact that government preparations were a factor in the failure of the miners’ strike but they have opposing views on to what extent. Therefore, government preparations are more important than other factors, such as Arthur Scargill’s leadership and support for the strike, in the failure of the miner’s strike. >GET ANSWER