The major shopping areas in the community of Springdale include Springdale Mall, West Mall, and the downtown area on Main Street. A telephone survey has been conducted to identify strengths and weaknesses of these areas and to find out how they fit into the shopping activities of local residents. The 150 respondents were also asked to provide information about themselves and their shopping habits. The data are provided in the file SHOPPING. The variables in the survey can be found in the file CODING.
The contingency tables and relative frequency probabilities in this exercise are based on the Springdale Shopping Survey database. Information like that gained from the two parts of this exercise could provide helpful insights into the nature of the respondents, their perceptions, and their spending behaviors. In particular, part 2 focuses on how conditional probabilities related to spending behavior might vary, depending on the gender of the respondent.
Der Kleine Herr Friedemann tells of the tragic, yet pitiful suicide of an impotent man, who suffers with a disability that has prevented his personal romantic desires. On the surface, Herr Friedemann, as the name suggests, is ‘at peace’ with himself, however this is merely a form of Ibsen’s ‘Lebenslüge’; he is constantly at odds with his reproachful nature, as a man who has forbid himself from loving, yet feels so emotionally drawn to Frau von Rinnlingen. There is an argument that Herr Friedemann’s death is foreshadowed after just four chapters; after the scene where he encounters his “plötzliche Neigung” kissing another man, he decides that he will never love again as this only causes him “Gram und Leid”. Herr Friedemann has been described as having ‘precarious epicureanism’ , which suggests, and somewhat validates, that his desires were subdued in order to obtain greatest ‘pleasure’, although his suppressed sexual passion does not lead to satisfaction, rather tragedy. There appears to be something significantly ‘Apollonian and Dionysian’ about Herr Friedemann’s suicide. Moments before his death, his expresses his ultimate Dionysiac wish “sich zu vernichten [und] sich in Stücke zu zerreisen”, yet he is only able to “sich [schieben] noch weiter vorwärts [und] ins Wasser fallen”. This makes the suicide seem antithetical, to such an extent that Mann’s grave, dramatic free indirect style is pitifully undone by Herr Friedemann’s pathetic death. He can barely muster the strength to make it to the water; there is certainly no ‘dagger through the heart’ moment, not least an act of pathos that may lead the reader to sympathise with the fallen protagonist. Perhaps Herr Friedemann’s self-pitiful death is in keeping with the inner morality of his personality. His Apolline view of the arts, that appeals to the purity and melodrama of music, more specifically Wagner, is all part of a his ‘life sustaining lie’, as Frau von Rinnlingen discovers in the final chapter, such that his life as an ‘artist’ is in fact futile; shown fully by his self-destruction in the final Dionysiac moment of annihilation and self-disgust. I suppose this is the psychological paradox that causes Herr Friedemann such distress; T.J. Reed tells us that an artist’s “bacchantic howling only proves imcompetence”, wh>GET ANSWER