Stages of maturity


As you have read, androgyny is premised on at least four crucial assumptions about the characteristics of adult learners that are different from the assumptions about child learners on which traditional pedagogy is premised. A fifth was added later.

  1. Self-concept: As a person matures his self concept moves from one of being a dependent personality toward one of being a self-directed human being
  2. Experience: As a person matures he accumulates a growing reservoir of experience that becomes an increasing resource for learning.
  3. Readiness to learn. As a person matures his readiness to learn becomes oriented increasingly to the developmental tasks of his social roles.
  4. Orientation to learning. As a person matures his time perspective changes from one of postponed application of knowledge to immediacy of application, and accordingly his orientation toward learning shifts from one of subject-centeredness to one of problem centredness.
  5. Motivation to learn: As a person matures the motivation to learn is internal (Knowles 1984:12).

Prepare a 2 – 3 page paper that reflects on your personal attainment of each of these 5 assumptions. Are you there yet? Maybe you don’t necessarily agree with one or more of the assumptions-why or why not? And finally, can you see how you might learn differently now than when you were in high school, for example?

Sample Solution