“Could the giants of hospitality find the right balance between harm and help of the environment? A Ritz Carlton case study.”- This would be the title of the paper. Attached there is the table of contents that needs to be followed since it has been officially approved by the dean. Please do let me know if more information is needed.
get a realistic and more accurate depiction of the victim’s face, an artist and a forensic anthropologist are usually necessary (Downing). Three-dimensional facial reconstruction is done by sculptures or high resolution, three-dimensional images. Computer programs are able to create facial reconstructions by manipulating scanned photographs of the remains and use approximations to recreate facial features. These tend to produce results that do not look artificial (Reichs and Craig 491). Sometimes, investigators will use a method called superimposition as a technique for facial reconstruction. Unfortunately, it is not a commonly used method, as it requires investigators to have some knowledge about the identity of the remains they are dealing with. By superimposing a photograph of an individual over the skeletal remains, investigators are able to see if the facial features line up with the anatomical features, allowing them to identify a victim. In the case of John Wayne Gacy’s victims, experts were able to use facial reconstruction to identify nine of the bodies found in the crawl space. The following graphic shows the facial reconstructions of these nine victims: Since facial reconstruction was not enough to identify all of the victims, investigators obtained DNA profiles from each of the unidentified victims and actively sought out DNA samples from males across the United States who had been reported missing between 1970 and 1979 (Cook County Sheriff’s Office 3). The remaining victims were identified using dental and radiology records. Since dental enamel is harder than bone, teeth outlast tissue and sometimes bone when the body decomposes. Teeth are very reliable in identifying victims, as they tend to reveal habits about the individual, such as nail biting, grinding and pressure habits, lip biting, and clenching (Ryan 254). Furthermore, the roof of the mouth, which forms an arch, is unique to each individual in shape, size, and contour. Teeth also have individual characteristics that are unique to each person in that the relationship of teeth to one another varies, along with size and shape of the jaws and palate (Ryan 255). In order to identify an individual using dental records, forensic dentists must acquire the dental records of the victim or deceased. In cases involving multiple deaths, forensic dentists receive a list of possible individuals and then compare records to the teeth (Freeman par. 2). In many cases, X-rays are considered to be more reliable and provide the best comparisons, but these are not always available to forensic investigators. Once the dental records have been acquired, forensic investigators then look at the individual tooth size, color, and contour, arch sizes and types, and the relationship between the jaws, which is used to help classify facial types (Ryan 256). Although John Wayne Gacy’s most recent victim was Robert Piest in 1978, investigators in Cook County are still searching for identification for the remaining bodies. The most recently identified victim, William Bundy, was conclusively identified in 2011. The Cook County Sheriff’s department announced the same year that they were renewing their efforts to identify the remaining seven of Gacy’s victims. However, no one has since come forward to conclusively identify them, and their names remain unknown. John Wayne Gacy was one of America’s most prolific serial killers. With a victim count of 33 young men in a three-year span of time, Gacy was sentenced to death by euthanasia for his crimes. Forensic scientists and investigators were able to tie Gacy to the murders by using dental and radiology records, facial reconstruction, and DNA evidence. Without the use of forensic technology and the effort put forth by the investigators, Gacy would have continued committing murders and many of the victims would have gone unnoticed. While the case has been cold for many years, investigators are still trying to identify the remaining victims in order to give piece of mind to the families of the deceased. John Wayne Gacy has gone down in history for his crimes, but his victims will never be forgotten.>GET ANSWER