- Sustainability is a growing demand for performance practitioners to address. Explain the role and function of evaluation in creating and demonstrating sustainability. (Keep in mind that sustainability may have two meanings – sustaining the change requested or economic and environmentally sustainable options. Remember to speak to both).
- Choose one leadership development approach. Defend it based on learning theories that support this type of learning.
- You have taken a position as half-time learning and development/half-time HR professional in small but rapidly growing business. The previous incumbent filled out forms, filled them, and taught an orientation class for new employees. You want to align these departments with the organization’s real needs. You do not really have time between form-filling, filling and teaching to execute a needs assessment. Identify three steps you can take to better align your work with the organization’s needs and make this function more valuable and visible.
- The end of the fiscal year has come around. Your Chief Learning Officer has asked that you compile an evaluation of the L&D department’s efforts and recommendations for next year’s major initiatives. How will you go about this? What data will you look for and analyze? What key points will you want to make?
- Explicit and tacit knowledge play a role in both individual learning and in collective learning. Explain how these two types of knowledge impact practitioners’ choice of interventions.
- Recently leadership development has been fine-tuned to address transition points as leaders move from individual contributor to front-line leader (supervisor), from front-line leader to manager of front-leaders, from manager to department/division head, from department head to director (junior executive), from director to executive, from executive to senior executive. Consider the kinds of leadership development discussed in the text and the learning theories discussed. Based on that information is this move to learning focused on audience-specific situations appropriate? Why or why not? Cite examples and research.
GBM are automatically considered Grade IV tumors as a majority of the tumor cells are dividing regularly. The tumor is made up of abnormal astrocytic cells and invades regions of the brain, sometimes even spreading to the opposite side of the brain through the corpus collosum, connective fibers of the brain. Many times, these tumors appear de novo, meaning that there was never a precuring growth. Symptoms of the tumor usually appear abruptly due to excess fluid in the brain causing further swelling. Neurological symptoms may occur as well depending on where the tumor is located in the brain. The treatment of GBM is very tricky as some cells respond well and others not at all. On top of that, when looking at the surgical removal of a GBM, things get even more complicated as the tumor has tentacle like diffusions that invade the brain, making it very difficult to remove (American Brain Tumor Association). When looking at the treatment of GBM, it is usually resistant to standard chemotherapy, so patients usually have a biopsy or extensive surgery done to try and remove parts or all of the tumor. Almost all GMB recur and so the next treatment steps depend on many different factors like the condition of the patient and “the extent and location of the recurrence” (Emerging Technology Evidence Report 2015). TTF works well in this specific type of cancer as the cancerous cells are the ones that are dividing most in the central nervous system, so they are the cells that are mostly targeted. The way the treatment is given is through “small transducers that are attached to their head with adhesive bandages” (Hopkins Medicine). The whole contraption consists of wires, connected to transducers, connected to batteries and in total is around the size of a book (Hopkins Medicine). This allows this treatment to be portable and continuous, only unplugging the device for short amounts of time when bathing. The only downside to this treatment is that in order to use this treatment, one must shave their hair. TTF therapy is often used in combination with the chemotherapeutic drug temozolomide, sometimes abbreviated TMZ. The least common side effects, seen in 10% or less of patients, of the treatment when in combination with temozolomide are “low blood platelet count, nausea, constipation, vomiting, fatigue, scalp irritation from device use, headache, convulsions, and depression”. The most common side effects of just using TTF are “scalp irritation from device use and headache”. There are also adverse reactions seen in relation to using the device such as “scalp irritation from device use, headache, malaise, muscle twitching, fall and skin ulcer” (Novocure). The cost of TTF therapy, specifically Optune, runs at $21,000 a month. On average, patients u>GET ANSWER