- Sustainability is a growing demand for performance practitioners to address. Explain the role and function of evaluation in creating and demonstrating sustainability. (Keep in mind that sustainability may have two meanings – sustaining the change requested or economic and environmentally sustainable options. Remember to speak to both).
- Choose one leadership development approach. Defend it based on learning theories that support this type of learning.
- You have taken a position as half-time learning and development/half-time HR professional in small but rapidly growing business. The previous incumbent filled out forms, filled them, and taught an orientation class for new employees. You want to align these departments with the organization’s real needs. You do not really have time between form-filling, filling and teaching to execute a needs assessment. Identify three steps you can take to better align your work with the organization’s needs and make this function more valuable and visible.
- The end of the fiscal year has come around. Your Chief Learning Officer has asked that you compile an evaluation of the L&D department’s efforts and recommendations for next year’s major initiatives. How will you go about this? What data will you look for and analyze? What key points will you want to make?
- Explicit and tacit knowledge play a role in both individual learning and in collective learning. Explain how these two types of knowledge impact practitioners’ choice of interventions.
- Recently leadership development has been fine-tuned to address transition points as leaders move from individual contributor to front-line leader (supervisor), from front-line leader to manager of front-leaders, from manager to department/division head, from department head to director (junior executive), from director to executive, from executive to senior executive. Consider the kinds of leadership development discussed in the text and the learning theories discussed. Based on that information is this move to learning focused on audience-specific situations appropriate? Why or why not? Cite examples and research.
reece and Rome, the Greek philosopher Parmenides believed in the use of fever, whole body hyperthermia, to cure disease. Another Greek philosopher, Hippocrates was also seen successfully treating breast cancer using heat. Later on, in the year 1886, the first paper describing the use of heat to cause tumor regression was published by a German surgeon named Carl D.W. Busch. That event caused others to become interested in the use of hypothermia and inducing fever in patients to treat cancer. In 1891, American surgeon William Coley also documented the remission of cancer with fever and became known as “the father of the modern use of hyperthermia and immunotherapy against cancer” (Gas 2011). Other doctors and researchers tried other methods, like removing blood and heating it, some found success and others found death. Once radiation was discovered in 1895, the use of hyperthermia in cancer treatment decreased also due to underdeveloped methods of treatment and lack of promising results. Then things changed when G. Schwarz in 1910 and Müeller in 1912, tried combining hyperthermia treatment with radiation and received good therapeutic results. Due to funds being diverted to the war effort, interest in hyperthermia therapy was dismissed until 1962 when another American surgeon named George W. Crile Jr. discovered that raising tumors to 42-50 degrees Celsius “selectively destroyed them without damaging the healthy tissue” (Gas 2011). The discovery of microwave heating techniques and the application of it in medicine changed how hyperthermia therapy was implemented and used (Gas 2011). Since then, there have been few trials and not much progress but regardless, hyperthermia therapy is still regarded as a treatment that works. Treatment Hyperthermia therapy has different treatment methods depending on where the tumor is in the body and how big the tumor is. The different treatment types are local, regional, and whole body. Local hyperthermia is where heat is applied directly to a tumor or a small area and can be applied directly on the target area or can be applied through probes placed in the specific area. Regional hyperthermia is where heat is applied to a large tissue area. Whole body hypothermia is when a person’s body temperature is raised almost as if they have a fever. For whole body treatment, “blankets, warm water, or a heated chamber are used to warm the person’s body” (Gersten 2017). In the other cases, heat is created through using either microwaves, radiofrequency, and/or ultrasound. Radiofrequency ablation, RFA, is used for local treatment and is the most common type of thermal energy, using “high energy radio waves for treatment” (Cancer.org). In RFA, a needle-like probe is inserted into the tumor “sends radio wave energy directly into the tumor”. RFA is most commonly used in cancer cases where tumors cannot be taken out with surgery, for example, liver, kidney, and lung tumors (Gersten 2017). The temperature used is around 106-113 degrees Fahrenheit and is administered by a device called the BSD-500 (Excellus BCBS). A surface applicator is applied to the tumor and the area is heated for around an hour. Usually hyperthermia is done within an>GET ANSWER