Identify the following TWO terms (be sure to consider historical significance):
1) Law of April 6, 1830
2) Santa Fe Expedition
Detail the steps leading to Texas Independence. What role did revolutions elsewhere play in the move towards independence, especially in Mexico? What immigration policies proved problematic for Mexican officials? Who were the key figures in leading the movement towards independence? What were the different political philosophies influencing events, especially in Mexico? Discuss the key battles? Discuss the causes? Trace the evolution of slavery in the early part of the 19th century in Texas – what role did slavery play in Texas Independence? How significant was race to fueling independence?
besity has become the number one public health problem in the world and there is a rise in prevalence in developing countries. The number of obese 5 to 19 year olds rose more than tenfold globally, from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016. An additional 213 million were overweight in 2016. The number of overweight or obese children aged 0 to 5 years increased from 32 million globally in 1990 to 41 million in 2016. This suggests that onset of obesity at a younger age is becoming more prevalent. Over the last decade there has been a growing concern regarding the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Prevalence data of childhood overweight and obesity from 52 studies conducted in 16 States in India were analyzed by WHO Centres in India. The pooled data after 2010 estimated a combined prevalence of 19.3 per cent of childhood overweight and obesity which was a significant increase from the earlier prevalence of 16.3 per cent reported in 2001-2005 (4). ETIOLOGY Childhood obesity is a complex multifactorial disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The commonest form of obesity encountered is “Simple Obesity” that is due to environmental factors. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Evidence suggests that obesity is a disorder of the energy homeostasis system, rather than simply arising from the accumulation of excess weight. Obesity, therefore occurs when energy intake is more than energy expenditure i.e. sustained positive energy balance. The homeostatic pathway of energy balance consists of: 1) Afferent arm: conveys peripheral information on hunger metabolism, in the form of neural & hormonal inputs, to the hypothalamus 2) Central processing unit: consists of different areas within the hypothalamus. The ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) integrates afferent peripheral signals; Lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) & paraventricular nuclei (PVN) serve as neurotransmitter system to alter neural signals for changes in energ>GET ANSWER