The Central Dogma

Explain how genes control our traits with a specific example. Your explanation should contain the following
words: transcription, translation, gene, mRNA, and protein. You should include the name of a specific gene and
a specific protein, and try explain how the role of that particular protein relates to the trait.
Example: The MC1R gene codes for the pigment protein melanin, which is responsible for the traits of brown
eyes, skin and hair. The MC1R gene is first transcribed into mRNA, then translated into the melanin protein.

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS