In the Middle Ages, many men and women wrote and sang songs about the joys and trials of being in love. Two great examples representing male and female attitudes towards the objects of their affection are Bernart de Ventadorn’s Can vei la lauzeta mover (When I See the Lark) and Beatriz de Dials A chantar m’er (I Am Obliged to Sing). For this exercise, write a blog explaining to your readers how to understand the poems in general and in comparison to each other. What are similarities and differences from the masculine and feminine points of view. Finally, explain to your readers how these approaches still exist today. Choose one song that you know from your world that shares similarity to one of the medieval examples and explain.
Bernart de Ventadorn
Can vei la lauzeta mover
Can vei la lauzeta mover
De joi sas alas contral rai,
Que s’oblid’ e.s laissa chazer
Per la doussor c’al cor li vai,
Ai! Tan grans enveya m’en ve
De cui qu’eu veya jauzion,
Meravilhas ai, car desse
Lo cor de dezirer no.m fon.
When I see the lark
Spread its wings for joy and fly towards the sun,
Forget itself, and fall
In the bliss that rushes to its heart
Alas! How I then envy
All creatures that I see happy.
I am amazed that my heart
Does not melt away there and then with longing.
Ai, las! Tan cuidava saber
D’amor, e tan petit en sai,
Car eu d’amar no.m posc tener
Celeis don ja pro non aurai.
Tout m’a mo cor, e tout m’a me,
E se mezeis e tot lo mon;
E can se.m tolc, no.m laisset re
Mas dezirer e cor volon.
Alas! how much of love I thought I knew
And how little I know,
For I cannot stop loving
Her from whom I may have nothing.
All my heart, and all herself,
And all my own self and all I have
She has taken from me, and leaves me nothing
But longing and a seeking heart.
Anc non agui de me poder
Ni no fui meus de l’or’ en sai
Que.m laisset en sos olhs vezer
En un miralh que mout me plai.
Miralhs, pus me mirei en te,
M’an mort li sospir de preon,
C’aissi.m perdei com perdet se
Lo bels Narcisus en la fon.
I no longer had power over myself,
Nor belonged to myself, from the moment
When she let me look into her eyes;
Into that mirror which so delights me.
Mirror, since I was mirrored in you
My sighs have slain me;
I am lost
As fair Narcissus was lost in the spring,
De las domnas me dezesper;
Ja mais en lor no.m fiarai;
C’aissi com las solh chaptener,
Enaissi las deschaptenrai.
Pois vei c’una pro no m’en te
Vas leis que.m destrui e.m cofon,
Totas las dopt’ e las mescre,
Car be sai c’atretals se son.
I despair of all women;
Never again shall I trust them;
As much as I was formerly their protector
I shall now neglect them;
Since no woman will come to my aid
With her who destroys and confounds me
I fear them all and mistrust them
For well I know that they are all alike.
D’aisso’s fa be femna parer
Ma domna, per qu’e.lh o retrai,
Car no vol so c’om voler,
E so c’om li deveda, fai.
Chazutz sui en mala merce,
Et ai be faih co.l fols en pon;
E no sai per que m’esdeve,
Mas car trop puyei contra mon.
My lady wants to appear a good woman;
So I discourage her.
For she does not want what she should,
And what is forbidden her, she does.
I have fallen into disfavour
And behaved like the fool on the bridge
And I don’t know how it came about
Unless it was that I applied too much pressure.
Merces es perduda, per ver,
(Et eu non o saubi anc mai,)
Car cilh qui plus en degr’aver,
No.n a ges, et on la querrai?
A! Can mal sembla, qui la ve,
Qued aquest chaitiu deziron
Que ja ses leis non aura be,
Laisse morrir, que no l.aon.
Mercy is lost, truly
(And I never knew it)
For she who should have had most
Has none: and where should I seek it now?
Oh! how pitiful it seems to him who sees –
wretched and lovesick as I am
Unable to know happiness without her –
How she lets me die, and will not come to my aid.
Pus ab midons no.m pot valer
Precs ni merces ni.l dreihz qu’eu ai,
Ni a leis no ven a plazer
Qu’eu l’am, ja mais no.lh o dirai.
Aissi.m part de leis e.m recre;
Mort m’a, e per mort li respon,
E vau m’en, pus ilh no.m rete,
Chaitius, en issilh, no sai on.
Since nothing can help me with my lady,
Neither prayers nor grace, nor the rights that I have,
Since it does not please her that I love her
I shall not speak of love again.
I give up love and deny it;
She has willed my death, and I answer with death;
I leave, since she does not hold me back,
And go wretched into exile, not knowing where.
Tristeza, no.n auretz de me,
Qu’eu m’en vau, chaitius, no sai on.
De chantar me gic e.m recre,
E de joi e d’amor m’escon.
You will not see my sorrow,
Since I am going, wretched not knowing where.
I renounce and deny my songs
And flee from joy and from love.
Beatriz de Dia
A chantar m’er
- A chantar m’er de so qu’eu no volria,
tant me rancur de lui cui sui amia;
car eu l’am mais que nuilla ren que sia:
vas lui no.m val merces ni cortezia
ni ma beltatz ni mos pretz ni mos sens;
c’atressi.m sui enganad’ e trahia
Com degr’ esser, s’eu fos dezavinens.
- D’aisso.m conort, car anc non fi faillensa,
Amics, vas vos per nuilla captenenssa;
ans vo am mais non fetz Seguis Valensa,
e platz mi mout quez eu d’amar vos vensa,
lo meus amics, car etz lo plus valens;
mi faitz orgoil en digz et en parvensa,
et si etz francs vas totas autras gens.
- Meraveill me cum vostre cors s’orgoilla,
amics, vas me, per qui’ai razon queu.m doilla;
non es ges dreitz c’autr’ amors vos mi toilla,
per nuilla ren que.us diga ni acoilla.
E membre vos cals fo.l comensamens
de nostr’amor! Ja Dompnedeus non voilla
qu’en ma colpa sia.l departimens.
I Am Obliged to Sing
- I must sing of what I do not want,
I am so angry with the one whom I love,
Because I love him more than anything:
Mercy nor courtesy moves him,
Neither does my beauty, nor my worthiness,
nor my good sense,
For I am deceived and betrayed
As much as I should be, if I were ugly.
- I take comfort because I never did anything wrong,
Friend, towards you in anything,
Rather I love you more than Seguin did Valensa,
And I am greatly pleased that I conquered you in love,
My friend, because you are the most worthy;
You are arrogant to me in words and appearance,
And yet you are so friendly towards everyone else.
- I wonder at how you have become so proud,
Friend, towards me, and I have reason to lament;
It is not right that another love take you away from me
No matter what is said or granted to you.
And remember how it was at the beginning
Of our love! May Lord God never wish
That it was my fault for our separation.
Effect of quick style in the advancement of manageable materials. Presentation Quick style is consistently expanding which puts a strain on the advancement of manageable materials. This paper will layout the impacts of quick design and the improvement of eco materials and different ways that can be kept up inside manageable framework, inside the style business, and furthermore by taking a gander at moderate style organization People Tree (Sailsbury, 2011), and Swedish uber organization H&M and their maintainable viewpoint inside their image (The H&M Group, 2016). The narrative 'The True Cost' is referenced, as it demonstrates each angle in the creation procedure, that everybody should look as style purchasers. From ranchers to architects, they all own their expression why manageability is in requirement for moral and natural reasons (The True Cost, 2015). Most feasible textures are frequently produced using regular materials that utilization less water and contain less synthetic compounds, these are the materials which should be made progressively mindful of, they take more time to make yet merit our penance (Shen, 2014). Most retailers have a quick style methodology, make it, offer it, get it and after that discard it. Be that as it may, this is causing real reaction on our condition and the general population who produce it (The H&M Group, 2016). The effect of quick style is what will be left to our future, as we depend on things being moment to us. What might occur if things that took somewhat longer would profit us, however an entire age? Nowadays we go through increasingly regular assets on things that can be eliminated, and produce progressively risky waste that our planet just can't hold (Joy , et al., 2012). Contextualisation Quick design is a term that has occurred from high road retailers, for example, Topshop, H&M and the Spanish retail monster Zara, making and delivering their very own renditions of extravagance style products. These impersonations of extravagance things structure the reason for their patterns for each season, and are created on a mass scale to support the 'profoundly held wants among youthful purchasers' (Joy , et al., 2012). The business works at such a quick speed and to such an immense scale, that the timeframe from the extravagance items being appeared on the catwalk to being imitated and delivered by the different high road retailers and winding up in our grasp, is next to no and thusly puts a tremendous strain and weight on all aspects of the business (Joy , et al., 2012). As these pieces of clothing are being made at a ludicrously quick rate, the nature of manufacture and generation has been undermined and in this way the items become increasingly dispensable as new stock is continually being made accessible to the buyer. This is the center idea of quick design and its capacity in the style framework (Claudio, 2007). With this the ecological impression of each piece attire develops and develops as high road hides away to increase the rate of generation with the point of flooding the market with an ever increasing number of pattern focussed dispensable items (Black, 2012, p. 216). Get help with your article today, from our expert paper essayists! Qualified scholars in the subject of style are prepared and hanging tight to assist you with your examinations. Get help with your paper View expertly composed examples The start of the articles of clothing, begin with the genuine materials utilized. The most utilized texture is cotton, that utilizes 'a fourth of pesticides utilized in the US' (Claudio, 2007). Also the measure of water and vitality used to wash and dry it, the ecological waste effect, and this is before it has been transported to another nation for the genuine making process. There are endeavors to make these progressively feasible by utilizing natural cotton, which the pesticides have been expelled and are made utilizing 'nontoxic cultivating strategies' (Black, 2012, p. 216).Modified (GM) cotton cultivating flashes a gigantic discussion, as an ecological and a moral effect. There are 50 million cotton ranchers on the planet today and a large portion of them live in creating nations, for example, India. These ranchers depend on GM cotton as a super yield, anyway they are under tremendous measures of 'customer weight', which has had some real backfire and brought about obligations from these ranchers, which prompted their suicides because of unpaid credits to these GM cotton seed fabricates, who are situated in the US (Black, 2012, p. 192). There are other practical materials that can be utilized, and is increasingly adequate, and doesn't cause natural and social annihilation. Natural and reasonable textures are accessible which lessen vitality and water utilization while holding down co2 outflows, these textures are forgotten by the enormous quick design brands, as they take more time to make and are painstakingly followed from seed to item (Shen, 2014). Quick Fashion shoppers It's in support of the purchaser and our need of needing the most recent styles and brands. Garments and style become two unique goals. Garments answers more to what we need, fleece jumper to keep warm, though design is a style and can be discarded when the following pattern tags along (Black, 2012). Some style brands attempt and start some sort of manageable goal into their brands, for instance Topshop discharged a supportable line called recover, propelled by eco line From Somewhere (Quiros, 2015). Be that as it may, as buyers recognize the natural endeavor, regardless they adhere to a similar style and quality (Hill and Lee, 2015). Quick design permits our wants of extravagance garments to work out as expected and manageability isn't something style cognizant buyers connect to mold (Joy , et al., 2012, p. 276). Supportability isn't sufficiently advanced in magazines and by huge design names, and with a powerful value point it's no big surprise youthful purchasers don't get tied up with the pattern (Claudio, 2007). Amid the World War 2, the expression 'make do and repair' became effective as individuals would reuse or made to gauge for another relative (Strasser, 2000). Supportability, as referenced before is the thing that buyers need to do to vanquish quick style. It tends to be clarified by 'making a present age's needs, without bargaining those of a who and what is to come's (Joy , et al., 2012). Brands that advance reasonable design should focus on the necessities and needs of this ages style, size and quality. This is hard as, inside these brands that do advance these ecological agreeable materials, not a great deal of data is given on their effect and the measure of style alternatives accessible are restricting (Hill and Lee, 2015). Moderate style accompanies manageability, this is a procedure were they support and enable laborers, advance up reusing, inexhaustible and eco-accommodating crude materials (Henninger, et al., 2016). The business is creating 'eco – design' to help conquer the extreme interest, as per 'The International Standards Organization (ISO) they will create marks that can inspect garments to meet the criteria of natural well disposed and sourced (Claudio, 2007). This will permit the distinguishing proof of economically sourced and fabricated articles of clothing to be perceived inside a brand. Customers treat moral textures as less refined than natural sustenance, anyway the two of them share a similar working and ecological characteristics (Black, 2012). Materials that sway manageability To see quick form and maintainability you need to return to the principle materials that holds all our design needs and wants together. The two most basic textures utilized worldwide are cotton and polyester (Lee, 2009). Polyester is an artificial fiber that alongside other engineered materials, is tedious and produces tremendous measures of sub sense like 'unrefined petroleum, unpredictable natural mixes, particulate issue and corrosive gases' (Claudio, 2007). Most polyester and anything mixed with it lets out and by gas that toxically affects the repertory framework, liver and skin (Lee, 2009). Get help with your paper today, from our expert article scholars! Qualified authors in the subject of design are prepared and holding on to assist you with your investigations. Get help with your article View expertly composed examples Cotton is utilized in the greater part of the absolute fiber of all apparel utilized today and produces tremendous measures of compound and water squander on account of its new hereditarily changed fibres.(The True Cost, 2015). GM cotton cultivating, as referenced before is a pesticide used to slaughter creepy crawlies, for example, the bollworm, which obliterates the cotton plant (Black, 2012). Cotton is a characteristic fiber, however is immersed with these alterations that keep the cost low and the produce high (Claudio, 2007). The demise of numerous Indian rancher's demises have been connected to creation of GM cotton seeds, edosulfan is a substance, that when retained into the skin is hazardous (Lee, 2009). Different materials have been utilized to support the moral procedure of practical textures, anyway when investigating these textures you need to take the vitality use for generation into thought and the contamination it thusly emits (Makko and Koskennurmi – Sivonen, 2013). Indeed, even in the coloring procedure a crude material can take anyplace between 80 – 800 liters of water (Lee, 2009). To vanquish this the Regulation, Evaluation, Authentication, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), have made an enactment inside the European Union to make 'fabricates and makers to distinguish and confirm the synthetic substances utilized in their items' (Claudio, 2007). Practical textures. Returning to conventional strategies for handling texture is eco-friendlier contrasted with the waste just from biting the dust the textures alone, yet it is more enthusiastically to take into account the mass market, anyway it gives one a greater amount of a thankfulness to the structure and procedure of the texture (Henninger, et al., 2016). Originator brands will in general utilize nearby high quality techniques more as this gives the things greater sturdiness, style and quality, and furthermore impacts the monetary and social side to maintainability (Joy , et al., 2012). This works for conventional strategies that utilization creature by items>GET ANSWER