Jessica Figueroa July 4, 2021 Chapter 4
- Acquisition stage of learning- The initial phase of learning when students are learning how to perform a new
skill or use new knowledge. Feedback should focus on the accuracy and topography of a student’s response,
compared with the practice stage of learning.
- Active student response – A frequency based measure of a student’s active participation during instruction.
Measured by counting the number of observable responses made to a lesson.
- Adaptive behavior – Is the collection of conceptional, social, and practical skills that have been learned and
performed by people in order to function in their everyday lives.
- Amniocentesis – The insertion of a hollow needle through the abdomen into the uterus of a pregnant woman.
It’s used to obtain amniotic fluid to determine the presence of genetic and chromosomal abnormalities. It can
also determine the gender of the fetus.
- Chorionic villi sampling – A procedure for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities that can be
conducted during the first 8 to 10 weeks of pregnancy. Fetal cells are removed from the chorionic tissues,
which surround the fetus and directly analyzed.
- Down syndrome – A chromosomal anomaly that often causes moderate to severe mental retardation, along
with certain physical characteristics such as a large tongue, heart problems, poor muscle tone, and a broad flat
bridge on nose.
- Fragile X syndrome – A chromosomal abnormality associated with mild to severe mental retardation.
Thought to be the most common known cause of inherited intellectual disabilities.
- Generalization – The extent to which previously learned knowledge or skill either occurs under conditions
different those under which it was learned or is performed in a different but functionally equivalent manner
- Genetic counseling – A specially trained medical counselor having a discussion with parents who are
considering having a baby with a disability based on the prospective parents genetic background.
- Intellectual disability – Is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning
and practical adaptive behaviors as expressed in conceptual social, and practical adaptive skills. The disability
originated before the age 18. It refers to the same population of individuals who were diagnosed previously
with mental retardation.
- Maintenance – Is the extent to which a learner continues to exhibit a previously learned behavior after a
portion or all of the instructional intervention originally used to teach the skills was terminated.
- Normal curve – A mathematically derived curve depicting the theoretical pro ability of a given variable in the
- Normalization – The belief that individuals with disabilities should do the maximum extent possible. They
should be physically and socially integrated into the mainstream of society regardless of their degree or type of
disability. As an approach to intervention, the use of progressively more normal settings and procedures to
establish or maintain personal behaviors which are as culturally normal as possible.
- Norm- referenced test – A test conducted so that a person’s score can be compared with others of the
same age or grade level. Contrast with the criterion referenced test.
- Perinatal – Occurring at or immediately after birth.
- Phenylketonuria – An inherited metabolic disease that can cause severe mental retardation can now be
detected at birth, and the detrimental effects can be prevented with a special diet.
- Pica – A form of self injurious behavior in which the person ingests non nutritive substances, exhibited by
some people with moderate to severe mental retardation.
- Positive reinforcement – Presentation of a stimulus or event immediately after a response has been
emitted, which has the primary effect of increasing the occurrence of similar responses in the future.
- Postnatal – Occurring after birth.
- Practice stage of learning – After a student has learned how to perform a new
skill, he should work to develop fluency with the target skill. Feedback during this stage should emphasize the
rate or speed with which the student correctly performs the new skill. Compared with the acquisition stage of
- Prenatal – Occurring before birth
- Rubella – German measles, when contracted by a woman during the first
trimester of pregnancy, may cause visual impairments, hearing impairments,
intellectual disabilities, or other congenital impairments in a child.
- Standard deviation – describes how a particular score varies from mean, or
Longfellow's Unique American Hero in Evangeline A one of a kind American saint unique in long individual in Evangeline: The clarification of Adam's long individual in the United States is something else. Through the portrayal of the story sonnet Evangelin, the idea of American Adam can be seen in different manners. R. W. B. Lewis investigated the journey for American Renaissance journalists and made a one of a kind American writing in the 1955 content "American Adam in the Nineteenth Century: Innocence, Tragedy and Tradition". In 1847, the American writer Henry Wadsworth Long Fellow distributed a long story sonnet about the ejection of the Acadians called Evangeline, delineating an imaginary individual Ivagne. Phosphorus' quandary. This sonnet got in vogue and got acclaimed. Evangeline oak is a vacation destination in Louisiana. The melody "Acadian Driftwood" recorded by The Band in 1975 speaks to the development and Acadian development. Antonine Maillet composed a novel called Pélagie-la-Charrette because of huge wreck. It was granted to Prix Goncourt in 1979. Fantastic PréPark is Canadian National Historic Site of Grand-Pére, Nova Scotia State and is protected as a landmark to the outcast. It incorporates the commemoration church and the sculpture of Evangeline, the subject of long individual verse. In 2018, Canadian history specialist and writer A.J.B. Johnston distributed YA's epic called The Hat, propelled by the occasion in the Grand Prix of 1755. On the off chance that the understudies meet a long individual before attending a university, at that point the writer they know isn't in this assortment: Evangeline, "Ha Faasha's melody", "Million's romance". This long individual's assortment is our "revisionist" long individual in the second 50% of the twentieth century and nearly perceives renowned journalists who may have thought of them, aside from sonnets like "Hymns of life" can not. On the off chance that verse understudies don't really peruse Long Fellows, he just tuned in to him (in an ordinary case) and they need to know why he is so celebrated. These are a ton of extraordinary writers. Long Fellow is one of only a handful barely any writers who joined new works. He made a few best sonnets ever. Sonnets of the Evangeline, Haihuasha tunes, and long individual stories, for example, Miles Stendish's tribute give a sentimental perspective on the early American history and vote based goals. Evangelin is perhaps the longest sonnet at any point composed by an essayist. It is mainstream through the differentiation everything being equal. It is perused, cherished and thought in an unassuming bungalow (Wagonknecht P.85). Evangelin is difficult to misrepresent his style at home and abroad, which is the principal long verse that rose above his own time in American writing (Wagonknecht P.85)>GET ANSWER