In your initial post, briefly describe the fandom ( Marvel) you selected and address the following:
Looking through the humanities lens, why does this example attract fans? For instance, what are the underlying themes around beliefs and values expressed by the series?
How does the fandom represent itself? How do fans recognize fellow members?
What is the latent (or unintended) social message or commentary that is reflected by this example?
What are the social implications of this message? Briefly discuss any potential social impact or response to the example.
In addition to the Knowledge Argument, Jackson utilizes the Modal Argument and the “What is it Like” Argument (already discussed above) to further prove his conclusion. For the Modal Argument, Jackson relies on the principle that “no amount of physical information about another logically entails that he or she is conscious or feels anything at all” (Jackson). Physicalists and qualia believers alike can agree that there is a possibility of a world identical to ours in every physical respect but different in that the organisms that occupy this identical world have no mental capacity or life at all. As there is something about us that gives us mental capacity that they lack, physicalism must be false because there is more to us than the purely physical. Although the Modal Argument and the What it is Like Argument are substantial, the depth of Jackson’s argument against physicalism primarily relies on the Knowledge Argument. In order to prevent confusion, Jackson clarifies three things regarding the Knowledge Argument and Mary. First, the argument does not claim that you cannot imagine what it is like to see red. Thus, the argument does not rely on the position that Mary cannot imagine what it is like to see red, but that Mary cannot truly know what it is like to see red until she has seen red. She can imagine endlessly, but the knowledge is not there. Jackson claims that “imagination is a faculty that those who lack knowledge need to fall back on” (Jackson). Second, Jackson argues that Mary’s learning of the experience of seeing the color red did not rely on logical inferences. After leaving the black and white room and seeing the color red, Mary does not claim that she could have had knowledge of seeing the color red without leaving the room if she could have used more logical inferences while in the room. Third, Jackson reiterates that Mary lacked information about the experience of others. Jackson refers to the lack of information as a problem for physicalists because Mary realizes her conception of others’ mental life has been “impoverished” through her existence. Although she knew the physical facts the entire time, she did not have all the information regarding their experiences. Therefore, physicalism is compromised even further. There are some philosophers who do not necessarily align with Jackson’s perspective. David Lewis has the strongest objection to Jackson’s qualia position. Lewis shapes his objection to Jackson using the Ability Hypothesis and the Hypothesis of Phenomenal Information. Lewis argues that Mary leaves the black and white roo>GET ANSWER