The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Rosen, E. I. (2002). The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry:
Making Sweatshops. University of California Press.

Please answer to the best of your knowledge the following essay question. Use detail where appropriate. Remember grammar, punctuation & spelling count.

a.Concerning the textile industry, where was the apparel industry located? When was the formation of the Apparel industry? What was considered “inside-shops” versus “outside shops”? (2 pts)
The apparel industry was mainly located in the lower East Side of New York (Page 96, paragraph 1). The Apparel industry was formed towards the end of the Nineteenth Century. Still, it was not until the Twentieth century when the industry became fully established in the United States (Page 96 paragraph 2). The term inside-shops refers to apparel shops that designed, produced, and manufactured garments on their own. Those that contracted outside help in doing one of the stages in the processes referred to as outside-shops (Page 97 paragraph 2).
b.Define a runaway shop. How did runaway shops affect the apparel industry? How did the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) make union contract shops honor their contractual obligations? (2pts)

Runaway shops are the shops that the owners change their location to avoid the regulations that come with labor unions or state laws (Page 98 par. 3). ILGWU ensured that contract shops honored their contractual obligations by providing that the manufacturers contracted the workers and shops that abided by their laws and kept their contracts (Page 99 par. 3).

c. What was the result when U.S. importers, retailers, and manufacturers decided to contract with East Asian producers? Why did U.S. importers, retailers, and manufacturers decide to contract work to the East rather than to U.S. textile mills if the foreign competition was already problematic? (2pts)

Sample Solution