You are expected to undertake independent research. 6 May 2010: Three people died after riots in Athens over the debt crisis as the Marfin Egnatia bank was set on fire with workers inside. The deaths of three innocent employees shocked Greece, shifting the national mood and the course of this year’s crisis. Instead of rising social unrest as many had feared, Greece has seen only fragmented opposition to the euro zone’s most drastic austerity measures Research and outline how information and communication helped shape the Greek riots in 2010. A number of contributory factors have been proposed to explain the reasons for the Greek riots and their outcome. These include poor relations with the police, social exclusion and alienation and government cuts. Choose one civil agency such as education, government or police and detail how that agency could use information and communication technologies to help address some of the proposed contributory factors of the riots.
The fantasy is a little concealed entryway in the deepest and most mystery openings of the mind, opening into that astronomical night which was mind well before there was any self image awareness, and which will remain mind regardless of how far our personality cognizance may broaden … in dreams we put on the resemblance of that more widespread, more genuine, more everlasting man staying in the murkiness of primordial night. … ' (Carl Jung, 1964) These words speak to Carl Jung's renowned meaning of the nature and essentialness of the fantasy. Different definitions conceivable: for example, on the off chance that one is a realist, at that point he comprehends dreams to be minimal more than the emissions of chemicals from organs in the cerebrum thus just an accumulation of useless memory parts. Be that as it may, leaving these preferences aside, this exposition is worried about the psycho-otherworldly translation of dreams, and here Jung's definition supplies us with a magnificent beginning stage for comprehension. For Jung and different psychotherapists, the fantasy is an entryway and a section, a 'concealed entryway', into the individual and aggregate oblivious, which is the fundamental substrata of our mystic life. Freud talked comparably of the fantasy as 'the illustrious street to the oblivious' (Freud, 1999). The aggregate oblivious is possessed by the prime examples – for example, models of the mother, savvy old man, tyke, and swindler – which are'… irrepresentable, oblivious, prior structures that appear to be a piece of the acquired structure of the mind and can in this manner show themselves immediately anyplace, whenever' (Jung, 1974). As it were, the models are prior average circumstances, put away in the aggregate oblivious, that have happened incalculable circumstances in man's history and which appear to present day man in representative shape in his fantasies. These images are loaded with information and helpful power for patients and specialists alike. Dreams are messages and repaying operators that give the visionary exhortation about how to adjust or re-alter his musings, feelings, and states of mind to life. In addition, they contain a numinous perspective that can change the profound existence of the visionary. By counseling and noticing the guidance we had always wanted and our creative impulses advisors and patients can learn significant and fundamental information about themselves and about the causes and conceivable techniques for treatment for mental misery (Hillman, 1980). Researchers and clinicians distinguish four fundamental conditions of cognizance: the condition of waking awareness, the condition of dream awareness, the condition of profound rest cognizance and the condition of stirred cognizance (See: Allen, 1995). Two further dream states are likewise distinguished. Clear Dreaming is the place the visionary knows that he is envisioning and effectively controls the pictures in the fantasy. Clear imagining can be of two sorts: 'low' state or 'high' state. 'Low' state clear imagining enables the visionary to control the pictures in the fantasy for his own beguilement, delight, diversion et cetera. 'High' state clear envisioning additionally enables the visionary to know about the pictures and images of the fantasy, yet this flexibility is utilized by the visionary to ask for profound help, exhortation or direction. Non-Lucid Dreaming is where the visionary is unconscious that he is envisioning. Non-clear imagining may likewise be partitioned into 'low' and 'high' states. 'Low' state non-clear dreams emerge from the individual oblivious as are by and by molded, being made out of parts of recollections from that day or continuing days or of uneasiness, frenzy, fervor or other enthusiastic states. 'High' state non-clear dreams emerge from the aggregate oblivious and are intensely loaded and impregnated with pictures and images of religious, fanciful or model character. The pictures and images in these fantasies are indifferent: that is, they are drawn from the aggregate reserve of pictures that are put away in the aggregate oblivious; they appear to the visionary however in a specific representative frame that is significant for their mystic circumstance (Leuner, 1969). Give us a chance to take a gander at a clinical case of dream treatment taken from Jung's Memories, Dreams, Reflections. In the part 'Mental Activities' (Jung, 1973) Jung recounts an eighteen year old mental patient who had been sexually mishandled by her family as a youngster and who was presently quiet and schizophrenic. This young lady had especially unusual dreams. She depicts how she lived on the moon and was an individual from a group who were compelled to live underground since they were threatened by an excellent vampire who slaughtered their ladies and youngsters. The young lady chooses one day to spare the moon individuals by killing the vampire; she takes a conciliatory blade and anticipates the vampire on a pinnacle. In any case, when the vampire swoops upon her he is so flawlessly lovely that she is charmed by him and can never again execute him. Jung tells how after these fantasy admissions the patient started to talk once more. The young lady clarified that by this admission of her mystery 'moon' life Jung as her specialist had kept her from leaving the appalling and excruciating Earth that she despised and disappearing to the moon which was for her full of significance. In spite of the fact that the patient returned into her mental state for a while after this examination, in the long run Jung was capable, by clarifying the images in these fantasies, to lead the young lady back to rational soundness. Jung clarifies the fantasies this way. The patient having endured such a great amount of manhandle, all things considered, makes up for her catastrophe by getting away to the moon where everything is lovely; she is in Jung's expression 'mortified according to the world, however hoisted in the domain of imagination' (Jung, 1973). The patient changes the inbreeding she endured, all things considered, into a legendary and profound involvement in the domain of imagination; she is pounced upon by a wonderful and legendary animal (the vampire) who is the direct inverse of the father who mishandled her, in actuality. By disclosing these pictures to the patient, and by revealing to her that these pictures implied that she needed to come back to Earth to defy her troubles there, the young lady was after a brief time completely recuperated and ready to lead a totally typical life. This is one case of how the understanding and clarification of images and pictures in a fantasy can realize significant mental recuperating for patients. The inquisitive understudy will discover numerous other such cases in Memories, Dreams, Reflections and in addition in James Hillman (1980) and Martha Crampton (1979). * Our creative energy is the focal point of all human innovative movement and is personally associated with our fantasies and to the universe of the oblivious. Creative energy characterized entirely in a philosophical or word reference sense signifies 'the intellectual capacity of shaping pictures of outside articles not present to the faculties' (OED). That is, we utilize our creative impulses to frame pictures or pictures of occasions or scenes that are hopeful or awesome. Also, it is dreams and their images and themes –, for example, the mandala (circle), Nazi swastika, phallus, quaternity (square) – that supply the essential materials for our creative abilities. This is the reason all through history incredible specialists - from Beethoven and Wagner, to Shakespeare and Coleridge - have created some their finest work when their creative abilities have been enlivened by pictures that they have found in their fantasies. In fact the creative energy is one of five essential levels of intellectual capacity; the others include: the unique personality, instinct, the solid personality and considering. So as well, creative energy is the most profound lying level of intellectual capacity: it sub-pipes underneath awareness to go into the most profound levels of the oblivious: the aggregate oblivious, and its occupants, the models. The creative energy is accordingly adequately an extension amongst awareness and the oblivious. When we utilize our creative ability we abide upon pictures that we have found in our oblivious as dreams and we re-orchestrate this material in frames that are phenomenal or imaginative. We envision how we might want the world to be. Connected to clinical treatment, the utilization of innovative procedures can incite significant upgrades in the condition of brains of patients. Carl Jung supported a method called 'dynamic creative ability', where while in a waking state a patient concentrations strongly upon pictures that showed up in late dreams thus tries to upgrade the highlights of such pictures and images thus consider their importance. By this focus upon dream pictures, the patient can find and afterward coordinate the images that are being created by his oblivious. This incorporation - named 'individuation' (Jung, 1973) – produces for the patient a condition of clairvoyant and profound balance: that is, the oblivious and cognizant parts of his identity are adjusted against each other. * In the last examination, it must be stated, that from a psycho-helpful perspective, dreams and creative ability are absolutely critical for clinical brain research. Dreams are a way to a tremendous and colossal repository of age-old pictures and astuteness which when uncovered to a patient in model and representative shape can change his mental states of mind and guide him out of clairvoyant pain. The creative energy is fundamental as well as the scaffold to this universe of the oblivious, shaping a connection between this world and that.>GET ANSWER