What are the key benefits and dangers of the development of Big Data and its approaches for the national security of democracies?
not strikingly greater than in any other especially frequented parts of the ocean (Weisberger, 2016). In the last 500 years, at least 50 recorded ships and 20 aircrafts have been lost in the Triangle, most without leaving behind any trace of wreckage (Weisberger, 2016). However, in comparing these numbers to the 1,231 ships lost globally from 2006 to 2015 (Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty Safety & Shipping Review, 2016) and the 325 missing aircraft lost globally from 1930 to 2016 (Aviation Safety Network, 2016), it becomes clear that the real mystery may just be inescapable human error. Out of all tales of death and despair experienced in the Bermuda Triangle, a couple in particular stand out amongst the rest as especially perplexing: Flight 19 and the Mary Celeste. In December 1945, five U.S. Navy torpedo bombers carrying 14 men disappeared on what is now known as Flight 19 (Weisberger, 2016). According to the legend, the aircraft and all crew members took off from Fort Lauderdale to conduct a routine bombing practice, but apparently got lost after the flight leader’s compass malfunctioned soon into the flight. As a response to the numerous distress signals received, another plane was sent out that same day but was never heard from again, alongside a total of 27 men. As the Bermuda Triangle legend grew increasingly prominent throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Flight 19 became one of the most familiar instances of mysterious disappearances. The Mary Celeste met a similar fate in another incident widely related to the Bermuda’s Triangle mysterious allure, although not as directly connected. In fact, the legend of this 282-ton brigantine found floating and abandoned in 1872 was actually found off the coast of Portugal (Pruitt, 2015). The ghost ship is often fictionalized in notable literature and is a popular account for which theorists attempt to interpret, along with other dark disappearances such as the USS Cyclops or the Ellen Austin. The many strange disappearances said to have taken place in the Triangle have been attributed theories ranging from scientific to mythological, the latter offering piracy, sorcery, alien abductions, wormholes, sea monsters, paranormal activity, complex military cover-ups, and even the lost city of Atlantis as possible explanations (BUEI, 2015). Although the Ocean contains a wide number of unsolved mysteries beyond the Bermuda Triangle, there does exist some rational explanations for the many maritime disasters that have occurred in this region. The most apparent answers have been linked to extreme weather conditions including hurricanes, rogue waves, and sea tornadoes, human error as a result of low situational awareness, or magnetic anomalies in the magnetic field on the Atlantic Ocean’s floor proven to confuse compasses (Weisberger, 2016). Most recently, theorists have begun suggesting methane hydrates as the most logical reason for these freakish disappearances, with rapidly shifting tectonic plates and changes in pressure or temperature causing the release of methane gas trapped in the ocean floor (Howard, 2016). These massive eruptions of methane bubbles can disrupt currents and displace water around a ship, leading it to eventually sink. In the case of aircrafts, highly flammable methane can rise into the air and cause turbulence, or in extreme situations, starve the vehicle’s oxygen supply causing the engine to explode (Gruy, 1998). Regardless of the validity of certain theories presented, the irrefutable reality of the Be>GET ANSWER