1) What are the key determinants of Facebook success until today?
2) What is so unique about Facebook’s business model which makes it so difficult for its competitors to compete?
different contextual situations produced by different worldviews, experiences, and realities experienced by the different actors and stakeholders. Taking a constructivist paradigm for this study allows the researchers to delve into materials constructed by the different actors and stakeholders who took part in the campaign. Hall (1997) notes two approaches to analyzing different representations that are exemplified in memes—semiotics and discursive approach. Semiotics, as an interdisciplinary study of signs, is rooted in “how meanings are made and how reality is represented (and indeed constructed) through signs” (Chandler, 2018, p. 2). Signs may refer to images, verbal language, texts, and other media of communication that can symbolize parcels of realities, worldviews, and perceptions (Jensen, 2015). Chandler (2018) further explains that signs play a mediating role in constructing social realities and as such, it is through these signs that perceptions and realities are expressed. On the other hand, discourse analysis deals with language-in-use or how “meaning is constructed and interpreted” in different settings through the written and spoken language (Bhatia, Flowerdew, & Jones, 2008, p. 1). However, the digital world has now more than ever enabled people to communicate beyond the written and spoken language. Kress and van Leeuwen (1996) argues that textual information is not necessarily at the essence of constructing meanings. Iedema (2003, p. 33) emphasizes further that the “blurring of boundaries among different semiotic dimensions of representations” needs to bring about a multimodal approach to discourse to better understand the interplay of signs across multiple modes of communication. This multimodal approach allows the researchers to delve both into the semiotics and language-in-use”. The memes selected for analysis contain images of older adults and are mainly categorized into memes released by DOT and those that are generated by internet users. Memes released by DOT are taken from th>GET ANSWER