In Chapter 3 the authors describe a progression of changes in corrections from The Reformatory Movement (1870s to 1890s) to the Crime Control Model (1970s to Present), a total of five models in all. Briefly discuss the five models and describe in detail where we are today in correctional policy. Give examples and provide a narrative of what changes might be ahead in corrections philosophy.
Instructions for Writing Your Paper
Write a 2 page APA style paper. Only the body of the paper will count toward the word requirement (title page and references are in addition to the 2 pages)
In your paper, cite at least 2-3 references using the APA style guide format for in-text citation.
Only one reference may be found on the internet. The other references must be found in the Grantham University online library (this includes EBSCO Host and the Gale Criminal Justice Collection).
The Nature of Arguments
Critical thinking makes use of arguments. In this week’s lesson, you gained an overview of what arguments are and what it means for something to be a good or bad argument. In your week one assignment, you will be writing a five paragraph essay in which you explain and illustrate the nature of the critical thinking process.
Paragraph one should answer the following questions:
· What is an argument?
· What are some indicators of an argument?
· What is an example of an argument?
Your example does not have to be detailed. It can be a single sentence or two. It can be informal – there’s no need to make a premise-by-premise argument. Make sure your argument contains a rational inference, otherwise it isn’t an argument.
Paragraph two should explain the meaning of cogent reasoning. In this paragraph, be sure to reference the three criteria for cogent reasoning.
Paragraph three should explain the difference between deductive valid and inductively strong arguments.
Paragraph four should explain the role of background beliefs, worldviews, and philosophies to the critical thinking process. Be sure to give examples of what some background beliefs might be.
Finally, in paragraph five, write about a time in which you used a rational argument to persuade someone. What was the argument about? What evidence did you utilize in order to make your case?
Your completed assignment should be written primarily in first person and should be 500-750 words in length. If you use sources in your writing, be sure to identify them. If you use any direct language from a source, be sure to place those words in quotation marks.
Your assignment should adhere to the stated page length requirement for the week and use APA style formatting including a title page and reference section. You should use Times New Roman, 12pt. font, double-spaced lines, and one inch margins. A description of APA style and the APA template can be found under the Assignments link in the left hand navigation menu of the course.
Between expert working is always elevated to experts inside the wellbeing and social consideration part. Different terms, for example, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary and interagency joint effort working have been utilized to elevate experts to cooperate with the patient, carers, relations, administrations and different experts (SCIE, 2009). This Paper will investigate the significance of between expert working in nursing practice, because of medical attendants supporting and treating an assortment of patients. This paper will talk about the general significance of between polished skill as a feature of good nursing practice, it will utilize precedents of grown-up stroke patients and youngsters who have cerebral paralysis. These two conditions have been picked on the grounds that they enable the paper to investigate two diverse age gatherings and the necessities of patients who will in general have complex social and human services needs. There is likewise an abundance of writing accessible on these conditions which helps feature the requirement for medical caretakers to work viably with other wellbeing and social consideration experts, specialist co-ops and carers. Patients' at first will in general observe nurture either alone on landing in mischance and crisis offices, or related to a therapeutic professional. Accordingly, the span of time that an attendant goes through with a patient will in general be longer than most other wellbeing/medicinal experts (Godfrey, 2012). Ward medical caretakers who take a shot at healing center wards, give care and support to conceded patients all through their entire remain. This time span went through with the patients enable them to be acquainted with the patient, henceforth enabling them to perceive changes in a patient's wellbeing and furthermore to recognize any new needs. Frequently, patients need to see in excess of one wellbeing/restorative expert in their stay at the clinic, because of their wellbeing needs. In spite of these experts having master abilities to help or treat particular wellbeing worries that the patient may have, regularly the wellbeing suggestions that are given to the patient should be performed routinely notwithstanding when the patient isn't within the sight of this authority. Subsequently, associated wellbeing experts will in general exhort, look for the help of, or hand particular proposals over to medical attendants. This is frequently observed among attendants and physiotherapists in versatility suggestions, this is on the grounds that medical caretakers regularly need to prepare a patient out of hours as prescribed by the physiotherapist (Godfrey, 2012). This stays away from the patient sitting tight for a physiotherapist on ends of the week, or to wind up disappointed because of being in one position for significant lots of time and it additionally bolsters the general healing facility benefit point of better patient results. So also patients with complex physical issues, insignificant versatility or neurological intricacies, for example, stroke patients, should be frequently moved to stay away from weight ulcers creating. Also, recovering portability step by step is regularly part of a patient's stroke restoration program. Clear rules and preparing are given, as prescribed by NICE, to attendants to perform safe moving and taking care of strategies on patients. These rules exhort 2-3 prepared experts to move a patient who is bed bound, contingent upon the patient's development capacity and weight (Jacob et al, 2007). On the off chance that this is a stroke tolerant this should be done on suggestion of a physiotherapist (RCP, 2012). Thusly, it is vital for attendants to discuss adequately with other wellbeing and social consideration experts when moving and taking care of a patient who may have complex needs, as attendants may require master proposals by the physiotherapist, or the patient may have medicinal hardware joined to them which should be dealt with painstakingly or evacuated incidentally. Safe moving and taking care of procedures as a major aspect of a collaboration not just advances great wellbeing and social consideration practice, it likewise diminishes the danger of damage to an attendant. This is especially essential as moving and taking care of wounds have been the most widely recognized reasons for staff nonappearance for a time of 3 days and longer between the long stretches of 2007 and 2013 (Anderson, 2014). A key element of clinic care is data sharing through 'ward rounds' finished by specialists and other wellbeing experts. The point of this is to give quiet mind which can be conveyed in an opportune way, however it likewise permits the multidisciplinary group required with the patient to design their future consideration and medications. Medical attendants input by means of answering to associates their judgment and perceptions on the patient's present wellbeing state isn't fundamental for better consideration arranging later on, yet it is likewise imperative since medical attendants can frequently voice the inclinations that patients have communicated to them, henceforth advancing the rule of patient focused consideration (RCP and RCN, 2012). Moreover, because of the immediate consideration ward attendants give on their work day for the duration of the day to allotted patients, they frequently perceive the general crumbling of a patient's wellbeing and prosperity before other wellbeing experts and specialists. Consequently, it is critical for the security and prosperity of patients' for medical caretakers to liaise with specialists routinely to deal with the difference in side effects at the earliest opportunity. Despite the fact that quiet consideration arranging is returned to and recorded frequently by wellbeing and restorative experts when changes are required for the patient, formal multidisciplinary gatherings permit enhanced results for the patient, a case of an enhanced result is when Stroke Early Discharge Support Teams can release patients prior, enabling them to more probable be autonomous sooner in their day by day assignments (Clarke, 2013). The multi-disciplinary group who has added to this proof has comprised of expert medicinal professionals, different claim to fame advisors, dietitian, a consideration administrator, attendants and some of the time a social specialist. Attendants, because of having 'previous history' therapeutic notes and the learning of relations who visit the patient, can as a rule give the word related advisor and the allotted social laborer with data on key relations of the patient that possibly valuable to contact preceding release. Likewise, nurture through discussion can accumulate data on the patient's living circumstance at home. This is vital in release making arrangements for stroke patients as at times they can't convey completely and obviously their living condition at home, as stroke can affect a person's capacity to impart verbally and physically. Likewise, if patients have few or no relations living with them, they may require home consideration by means of nursing staff or telecare gear which can bolster dangers of damage or enable people to caution crisis care administrations through tangible hardware when they have a fall or another stroke which results them to fall. Despite the fact that word related specialists will do appraisals of the earth which the patient dwells in (EKUHFT, 2015), medical attendants can regularly give the advisor understanding on any issue the patient has had in their stay at the healing center, a case of this might be that the patient experiences issues bringing themselves down to sit on the can, the word related advisor would more often than not ask for a 'get/hand rail' to be fitted in the patients home to help them to do this activity. Tolerant consideration arranging by means of between expert working is additionally major to kids who have been conceived with Cerebral Palsy. Medical attendants with pro jobs, for example, 'Wellbeing guests', give a network based support of cerebral paralysis patients and their families. This varies to the job of medical attendants on the ward as Health guests survey the soundness of the patient in reference to their living condition and general wellbeing needs, thus enabling them to recognize the more extensive wellbeing needs of the family as well (Alexander, 2014).. Because of cerebral paralysis being a non-reparable condition the tyke and the family/carers of the tyke will frequently get medications and support from an all-inclusive system of wellbeing and social consideration experts and furthermore instructive masters and care staff (NHS, 2014). Accordingly, wellbeing guests should have the capacity to make fruitful between expert relations with experts who are outer to the wellbeing and social consideration industry, for example, instructive therapists, by understanding the job and administration that the expert is giving to the patient. It is additionally crucial to comprehend jobs because of the referral frameworks we have in the United Kingdom, both inside healing facility and network care. Moreover, arrangements can vary between the neighborhood specialist, the NHS and private medicinal services suppliers and the youngster and his/her family may have had a particular consideration bundle which the wellbeing guest may not know about (Know your rights, 2015; NHS, 2013). Likewise, Health guests frequently need to liaise with experts who are not utilized by the NHS or another private medicinal services supplier however by a nearby specialist. This can mean the caseload is assigned in an unexpected way, holding up times may contrast and techniques for referral may vary as well. Along these lines, to guarantee that the patient's progress is proficient and positive from quick healing center consideration to getting to network based administrations, medical caretakers should know about the fundamental structure and coordinations of different administrations. This mindfulness should be brought all the more particularly up in the workplace for more youthful understudy medical attendants or graduate medical caretakers who may not know the distinction between certain expert jobs, as in spite of certify nursing programs having modules or exercises in multidisciplinary work on covering the significance of knowing the jobs of other wellbeing and social consideration experts, once in a while there is perplexity between masters who bolster patients or administration clients with the equivalent condition(s). An exemplary misconception is an understudy nurture attempting to comprehend the contrast between an emotional well-being social laborer and a psychological well-being medical attendant, who can both work for network based groups and might be utilized by the nearby auth>GET ANSWER