Write a 1500-word (minimum) reaction paper on the concepts. Consider for
inclusion in your discussion:
- Describe the national security risk and threat assessment process.
- What national security threats have been attributed to climate change?
- What recommendations should be followed to protect the US from climate
- What is the water-food-energy nexus and why is it important?
- How will rising sea levels impact defense infrastructure?
- What is an EMP and why is it dangerous?
- What components of infrastructure can be damaged by an EMP and how can
they be protected?
- What threat does Ebola and similar pandemic diseases pose?
- What pre-infection (mitigation) measures can be employed?
- What post-infection (response) measures can be employed?
- Given what you’ve learned about risk assessment, which of these modern
threats should be given highest priority and why?
lar children may also have a higher BMI and racial/ethnic differences have been found in the fat content of individuals with the same BMI. On the other hand 25% children with a normal BMI have excess body fat. The risk of obesity related complications would be lower in children with higher muscle mass than in those with higher adiposity. Higher fat content and its distribution, especially central adiposity correlate better with the risk of obesity related complications. Hence Waist circumference may be a better parameter for predicting complications. Since measuring WC can be tedious for Pediatricians and most children with high BMI do have excess body fat, BMI should be used for assessing obesity. BMI charts: IAP Charts: BMI charts for Indian Children 5 to 18 years age were updated in 2015. The 23 and 27 adult equivalent cut offs lines (for risk of overweight and obesity, respectively) are similar to the IOTF cut-offs and are more appropriate for use in Asian children since they are known to have more adiposity and increased cardio-metabolic risk at a lower BMI (2). Hence it is preferable to use Indian IAP charts for our population 5-18years, WHO BMI charts from 2-5yrs age and weight for height charts by WHO for children <2 yrs age. CDC charts: Children and adolescents ≥2 years of age are diagnosed as overweight if the BMI is ≥85th percentile but <95th percentile and obese if the BMI is ≥95th percentile for age and sex on the revised 2000 CDC charts. Extreme obesity is defined as a BMI ≥120% of the 95th percentile or ≥35 kg/m2 (3). WHO BMI charts are also available for children <5years of age. The natural course of BMI in children shows a rise in the first year of life, followed by a fall and then a second rise at around 6 years of age, known as rebound adiposity. It has been observed that if rebound adiposity occurs at a lower age, the chances of adult obesity increase. Another study suggests that BMI at 7 years of age predicts adult obesity (24 in review). Studies on predictive factors needs more research currently, but it is suggested that the focus of Pediatricians should be on prevention of obesity rather than treatment. (review article)>GET ANSWER