The term “knowledge worker” was first coined by management consultant and author Peter Drucker in his book, The Landmarks of Tomorrow (1959). Drucker defined knowledge workers as high-level workers who apply theoretical and analytical knowledge, acquired through formal training, to develop products and services. Does this sound familiar? Nurses are very much knowledge workers. What has changed since Drucker’s time are the ways that knowledge can be acquired. The volume of data that can now be generated and the tools used to access this data have evolved significantly in recent years and helped healthcare professionals (among many others) to assume the role of knowledge worker in new and powerful ways. In this Assignment, you will consider the evolving role of the nurse leader and how this evolution has led nurse leaders to assume the role of knowledge worker.
whistle-blower has all relevant evidences and an understanding of any consequences. Their responsibility in view of their role within the organization should be clear. One should make sure that they have followed and apprehend the established procedures for whistleblowing, also that the repercussion that may cause inconveniences to other individuals. Whistle-blower’s responsibility in view of their role within the organization should be clear and should provide strong evidence that can convince an impartial observer. It is also recommended that employers develop an internal complaint system in which employees can report wrong doing. They may also credit employees for using the appropriate medium to investigate all wrong doings through superior in an organisation. Although whistleblowing may be anonymous, if it is to be effective it frequently requires not only that the whistle-blower reveal his or her identity, but also that he or she seek ways of publicizing the wrong doing. Because this may make the whistle-blower appear a self-appointed messiah, it prevents some people from speaking out. Detailed investigations may be more difficult, or even impossible, to progress if one choose to remain anonymous and cannot be contacted for further information. In a journal by Kroll and Egan, 2004, stated that to motivate an individual with a desire to do right, not wrong, the essential key is moral emotion. They also signifies that serving as a potential gateway from good intentions to good actions, much of the research in this domain has focused on negative valence and self-conscious emotions, such as, guilt and shame (Kroll & Egan, 2004). The results from the above discussions support hypothesis that internal whistle-blowers were usually ineffective whistle-blowers, while external whistle-blowers often initiated investigations, helpful actions or other changes by the organization. Most ethicists agree whistleblowing is an ethical action. According to the Michael Davis, 1996 on whistleblowing, whistleblowing is morally required when it is required at all. Engineer have a moral obligation to prevent serious harm to others if they can do so with little costs to themselves. In every organisations or corporation from government organisations to business establishments around the world whistleblowing has become a very important followed procedure. There has been heroic whistle-blowers world over. Ernest Fitzgerald and the C-5A, and Edward Snowden are few whistle-blowers who came forward with what they though was a right approach to take. Ernest Fitzgerald and the C-5A: On November 13, 1968, Fitzgerald appeared before Senator William Proxmire’s Subcommittee on Economy in Government concerning C-5A. He testified that cost-overruns on the CA transport plane could approximate $2 billion over the period of 2years. For the reason that a giant cargo plane being built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation for the Air Force. He also revealed that unexpected technical difficulties had arisen during the development of the aircraft. He was pressured not to discuss the extent of the C-5A over- Responsibilities runs before Senator Proxmire’s committee. [Schinzinger and Martin 2000] After the allegation Fitzgerald’s job was being eliminated by the Department of Defence. Not until 4years of numerous court battle before federal courts, he finally won an injunction and was given order to the Air Force to rehire him for his formal position in 1981. Edward Snowden: In the early June 2013, it was published that the US National Security Agency (NSA) was collecting the telephone records of tens of millions of Americans. The whistle-blower Edward Snowden who used to be a former contractor for the CIA leaked the information to the media about unauthorised phone and internet surveillance by American Intelligence before he left the US soil and taking temporary asylum in Russia (BBC, 2014). Still in exile, Snowden remained a polarizing figure. Conclusion: There is no denying the fact that whistle-blowers do a great service to the society at their great risk and cost, even at the loss of life. Any individual can raise concerns about any issue relating to suspected misconduct at work place, risk to any employees, abuse or wrong doing. If they have a reasonable certainty that the problem has taken place, is taking place or will presumably take place in the future. Employee may have doubt or may be frightened to raise a concern even when legal protection exists. Employees can be advised to raise a concern openly, confidentially or anonymously. They should be made aware of certain solution as to raise any concern as>GET ANSWER