Using A book
Criminal Investigations by James Lasley and Nikos Guskos
answer the following
Examine the various crime scene photos provided in Case Example 3A. Imagine yourself as the first responder or investigator on the scene. Discuss each step of the preliminary investigation process as it relates to the sequence of photos. Try to reconstruct the crime to determine what exactly happened here.
How would you handle the scene?
What are some of the most important factors to consider during your investigation?
Unique The reason for this investigation is to decide whether the SoonerCare wellbeing the executives program and its related practice the board program, in a provincial family work on setting, is a successful program to diminish medical clinic affirmation, improve patient consideration, and is a monetarily suitable framework. Information was acquired through diagram audit of two centers in Durant, Oklahoma. Durant is a town of a little more than 15,000 as of the 2010 evaluation. The two centers are viewed as provincial family drug facilities. Out of the 170 patients tried out the wellbeing the executives program 115 patients were incorporated into the examination. The Data demonstrated that over a time of seven months there was a huge decrease of patients heading off to the medical clinic for affirmation. A decrease of half was shown with a critical p-estimation of 0.025896. There was no critical decrease in the workplace visit rates seen over a similar timeframe. Crisis room visits decreased by seven percent over this timespan, however this was not observed to be measurably huge. This decrease connects to an investment funds of $551 per quiet every year took on the program. The investigation agrees with the Pacific Health Policy Group that demonstrates a noteworthy cost reserve funds to the state because of the SoonerCare wellbeing the executives program and with training assistance. With the abatement in medical clinic affirmations and accordingly the cost reserve funds to the province of Oklahoma this program is a productive way to give great medicinal services to the SoonerCare populace. Foundation The expense of medicinal services to the country, private and open, in 2013 was 2.8 trillion dollars (1). This established 18% of the GDP (1). The normal expense of social insurance was 9.5% of GDP for industrialized nations (1). This puts the normal expense per capita in the United States at $8,508 in 2013 (1). This is more than multiple times the world normal of $3,322 per capita in the industrialized world (1). Add to this the anticipated development of human services to increment by 5.8% every year until 2022 (2). All out medicinal services costs, in the United States, are relied upon to develop to 19.9% of the GDP by 2022(1). This could be passable if the results associated with expense yet they don't. The United States is right now positioned twenty 6th out of thirty four on the planet for future, twelfth out of thirty two in heart assault fatalities, and twenty seventh out of twenty eight for unmanaged asthma(3). With the proceeded with increment in social insurance expenses and decreasing profit for medicinal services dollars the province of Oklahoma has initiated a wellbeing the board program and incorporated into this program is a training the executives program. The training the executives program comprises of an in office nurture that is an individual wellbeing mentor for patients qualified for the program. My anxiety for this program is whether the advantage of the program exceeds the authoritative expenses. The motivation behind this investigation is to confirm that in a rustic family practice persistent populace does the utilization of a wellbeing mentor improve the consideration of my patients and by expansion decline emergency clinic affirmations. My theory is that the utilization of an in office wellbeing mentor takes into account better consideration, diminished clinic visits, and in the meantime sets aside cash for the state. Techniques A multi month graph audit was performed over the 7 months after the establishment of a wellbeing mentor in both the Gastorf Family Clinic and Durant Family Medicine Clinic. A similar time a year prior, in the included centers, the outlines were additionally checked on to take out regular predisposition. Graphs were investigated in office and at the nearby clinic for office visits, medical clinic affirmations, and crisis office visits. No information were gotten in regards to the explanations behind the workplace visits, crisis room visits, or for the conceding analysis. Information and Results The all out enlistment of patients in both the Gastorf Family Clinic and the Durant Family Medicine Clinic was 170 patients. Aggregate of 55 patients were wiped out from the investigation. Of the 55 patients, 31 patients were disposed of from the examination due to not being set up with Durant Family Medicine Clinic before August 2012 or no longer a patient of the included centers after the beginning of the investigation. Another 22 patient were wiped out from the investigation due to not being built up with Gastorf Family Clinic before August 2012 or never again being a patient after the beginning of the examination. 2 patients joined up with the wellbeing the board framework did not have any records in both of the centers. Complete patients utilized for the investigation was 115 patients. The normal period of patients was 42.8. The dissemination of patients in the examination was 30.4% male and 69.6 % female. The Durant Family Medicine Clinic had 44 patients or 38.3% of the members in the examination. Gastorf Family Clinic had 71 patients or 61.7% of the members in the investigation. The investigation assessed inpatient and outpatient information from August 2012 through February 2013 and August 2013 through February 2014. These dates were resolved because of the beginning of the training the executives program was in August 2013. The August 2012 to February 2013 dates were utilized for correlation, trying to nullify occasional affirmation changes. Information was gotten from an outline survey at both included centers. Endless supply of those patients who qualified, with proceeded with consideration through the investigation timespan, a clinic outline examination was performed. Information was gotten from the nearby provincial medicinal focus concerning crisis room visits, emergency clinic concedes, and complete medical clinic days. Office Visits Crisis Visits Medical clinic Admits Pre-contemplate 605 81 14 Study 617 75 7 p-esteem 0.371 0.317 0.026 Examination of the information demonstrated a half decrease in the quantity of people who were admitted to the medical clinic at any rate once in a similar timespan more than 7 months. A one-tail combined t-test was performed and showed a noteworthy outcome with a p-estimation of p=0.026. The International Federation of Health Plans 2013 Comparative Price report demonstrates that the normal expense per emergency clinic day in the United States is $4,293 (4). In light of assessment of crisis room visits and medical clinic costs every day, this program spared about $63,387 over a multi month time frame for an aggregate of 115 patients took a crack at the examination. That is an investment funds of $551 over a years' time for every patient. Study did not demonstrate any criticalness with respect to a diminishing in office visits and crisis room visits. There was an outright distinction of 6 crisis office visits or lessening of 7.4%. Discourse What are the cost investment funds in the event that we extrapolated the outcomes to the whole SoonerCare populace? The present enlistment of Oklahoma SoonerCare as of the finish of December 2013 was 555,436 (5). The yearly spending plan of the Oklahoma Health Care Authority is over 5.3 billion dollars with 4.7 billion going towards Medicaid installments (6). In the event that you utilize the aftereffects of the investigation with the complete SoonerCare enlistment the reserve funds would be $306 million dollars. The estimation of $306 million is exaggerated due to may issue. The extrapolation this number is out of line and off base. The program as expressed is for those patients with constant conditions that are in danger, or conceivably at high hazard. This is nevertheless a minority part of the SoonerCare populace, which I will examine underneath. The other issue is the populace size of the investigation. This investigation included under 0.03% of the all out SoonerCare populace. To extrapolate any information from that little example size is laden with mistakes. That being stated, this investigation showed a huge lessening in medical clinic remains for the populace engaged with the examination. For what reason is there such a great amount of spotlight on lessening cost related with patients with ceaseless conditions? A 2010 report by the Agency for Health care Research and Quality found that the best 1 percent of patients positioned dependent on social insurance costs amassed 21.4 percent of the all out human services cost (7). The yearly expense for these patients was assessed to be $87,570 every year per individual (7). They likewise discovered that the top half of wellbeing related expenders corresponded to 97.2% of all medicinal services dollars (7). Further examination of this investigation additionally demonstrated that those patients with at least four endless conditions are in charge of 29.7% of social insurance consumptions (7). Who is joined up with the SoonerCare wellbeing the executives program? Those individuals with, or in danger for creating ceaseless illness and are high hazard for unfavorable results and improve probability of a human services emergency. By tending to those with numerous incessant ailments you are tending to the most focused cost focuses and will get the best rate of return of human services consumptions. This has been appeared through examination of the SoonerCare wellbeing the board program. Right now there is more than five thousand patients took on the program (8). What is the expense of the program in relations to the cost reserve funds? Concentrate done by the Pacific Health Policy Group has demonstrated that the SoonerCare wellbeing the executives program had a totaled reserve funds of $214 million for the 2013 monetary year (9). The Practice assistance part was appeared to diminish the expense per quiet from $678 down to $634 including the authoritative expenses of the program (9). In a similar report it was discovered that the complete expense of the program and authoritative expenses was $32 million (9). At the point when taken from the general medicinal reserve funds it demonstrated an arrival on speculation of 562% (9). The SoonerCare wellbeing the board program spared $5.62 for each dollar spent on the program. So shouldn't something be said about patient consideration? The Study from the Pacific Health Policy Group showed of the 21 clinical presentation estimates 16 demonstrated expanded consistence with models and of those 11 were measurably noteworthy (9). This investigation demonstrated the most huge upgrades in the zone of incessant obstructive pneumonic malady, congestive heart disappointment, diabetes and hypertension (9). So do clinical execution estimates correspond with patient ou>GET ANSWER