Write a 2-page, double spaced essay that is based on the two primary sources included below – the Justice Department’s amicus curiae brief and John F. Kennedy’s report.
• Complete the Race and Cold War lesson to learn about the historical context of race and the Cold War. Note that the images of Soviet propaganda or images like them were referenced in the amicus curiae brief.
• Read and analyze the primary source excerpts below. How do the two sources show that influence of the Cold War on the U.S. executive branch during the Cold War? In other words, how does each author see the relationship between racial equality within the United States and US Cold War rhetoric on the world stage.
o Note that the sources were written just over 11 years apart – in 1952 and 1963.
the amount of waste produced to increase unsustainably over recent years (Singh et al., 2014). In light of the rise in consumerism, pressures on the earth’s resources has become critical, and as famously quoted by the WWF (2007); “If all the world’s citizens lived as Europeans, we would need more than two and a half planets to provide the necessary resources, absorb our wastes, and leave some capacity for wild species”. The exceeding of these ‘planetary thresholds’ that when surpassed can be irreversible and place the life of humanity itself at risk (Steffen et al., 2015), and thus has set an emphasis on finding a solution to the problem. Recycling has been seen as one of the most important actions currently available to reduce the impacts of unsustainable consumption (Hopewell, Dvorak and Kosior, 2009) in many countries. The UK had previously faced a massive task in tackling its recycling problems where as recently as the year 2000 over 79% of its waste had been sent to landfill, and in turn set out a Waste strategy programme of which it aimed to recycle 33% of its waste by 2015 (Barr, 2007). This plan however is an example of a government project being successful by seeing the UK make a dramatic improvement in its recycling practises by almost doubling these rates since 2004, sitting in 6th place for recycling levels in Europe, recycling 40% of its waste (Eurostat, 2016). While the recycling rate in Leeds is around the current UK rate at 40% Leeds city council have a made a pledge to match the governments 50% target by 2020 (Leeds city council, 2020) which however is looking unlikely and will therefore in turn provide the grounds of research of this paper. By using qualitative methods this paper will seek to understand the internal and external drivers that lead the students of Leeds to recycle their waste and in turn be able to provide the city council and the university with tangible recommendations. The study of just students was chosen due to the lack of research into the group type. While there have been various studies looking into waste management, most of these have been directed at households recycling behaviour (see Thøgersen, 1994, and do Valle, Reis, Meneze), and a few studies aimed at student’s recycling on campus. Much of this research however, has focussed on the influence of only a few variables without incorporating them into a wider framework (Lindsay & Strathman, 1997). Additionally, these studies have also taken place either far in the past or in places much different to Leeds. For example, Schultz, Oskamp & Mainieri (1995) argued that when recycling was first introduced it was reasonably time consuming and difficult to do so, and therefore people had to really care about the environment to want to recycle. However, as they argue, nowadays recycling is far more convenient and therefore the reasons behind students not recycling may extend beyond that of being ‘environmentally conscious’. The overall research aim therefore will be to address this gap in the literature and provide an explanatory model for the individual identified behaviours mentioned below and to in turn find out >GET ANSWER