Social studies students have been studying American westward expansion and the role of railroads in linking the East Coast with points west. Part of this unit has included an examination of immigration—specifically that of Chinese workers. These groups of immigrants were major contributors to the building of the rails. They were also the focus of laws, policies, and varying levels of discrimination. Many settled in the U.S. and tried to create a new life in the West.
Upon receiving back students’ homework essays about the topic, Mrs. Swetner found that Li Chen had written his essay in Chinese. Li, an English language learner, had emigrated with his family from Nanjing, China to the United States just over two years ago.
Mrs. Swetner gave Li a zero on his homework, which upset him greatly. He brought the paper home and shamefully presented it to his parents. Knowing that it would be rude to question a teacher’s decision, the Chen family was at a loss as to what to do. They valued education greatly and set high expectations for their children.
What advice would you give to Mrs. Swetner? Think about some of the following:
o Differentiated learner needs of ELLs.
o The role of heritage language and literacy.
o Setting clear expectations for learners.
o Beliefs on whether to assign zeroes.
o Ways to find out what students know, understand, and can do.
o Cultural considerations.
For instance, the possibility of rolling a 1 or 2 on a six-sided bite the dust is On the off chance that the occasions are not fundamentally unrelated at that point Contingent likelihood is the likelihood of some occasion A, given the event of some other occasion B. Contingent likelihood is composed P(A|B), and is perused "the likelihood of A, given B". It is characterized by On the off chance that P(B) = 0 at that point is vague. Applications: Two noteworthy utilizations of likelihood hypothesis in regular day to day existence are in chance evaluation and in exchange on ware markets. Governments regularly apply probabilistic techniques in ecological control where it is called "pathway examination", frequently estimating prosperity utilizing strategies that are stochastic in nature, and picking tasks to attempt in light of factual investigations of their plausible impact on the populace all in all. A decent illustration is the impact of the apparent likelihood of any across the board Middle East clash on oil costs - which have gradually expanding influences in the economy in general. An appraisal by a ware merchant that a war is more probable versus more outlandish sends costs up or down, and flags different dealers of that assessment. In like manner, the probabilities are not evaluated freely nor fundamentally normally. The hypothesis of social fund rose to portray the impact of such mindless conformity on valuing, on strategy, and on peace and strife. It can sensibly be said that the disclosure of thorough strategies to evaluate and consolidate likelihood appraisals has profoundly affected present day society. In like manner, it might be of some significance to most residents to see how chances and likelihood appraisals are made, and how they add to notorieties and to choices, particularly in a vote based system. Another noteworthy use of likelihood hypothesis in regular daily existence is dependability. Numerous buyer items, for example, autos and purchaser hardware, use unwavering quality hypothesis in the outline of the item so as to lessen the likelihood of disappointment. The likelihood of disappointment might be nearly connected with the item's guarantee. Likelihood Of Winning A Lottery: Everybody realizes that the likelihood of winning the lottery is a truly enormous long shot. To what extent, in any case, you presumably never truly thought about. Your genuine chances of winning the lottery rely upon where you play, yet single state lotteries more often than not have chances of around 18 million to 1 while various state lotteries have chances as high as 120 million to 1. In the event that you have ever thought you'd win the lottery, you're not the only one. Around one out of each three individuals in the United States surmise that triumphant the lottery is the best way to wind up fiscally secure in their life. This is a terrifying measurement when you take a seat and consider what the above chances extremely mean. It's a great opportunity to investigate the odds of you winning the lottery. While winning the lottery might be something that you need, to demonstrate to you your odds we'll investigate various remote events that you most likely wouldn't prefer to have transpire - and presumably don't think will ever transpire - however are still considerably more liable to transpire than winning the lottery. What about the great chances of being struck by lightning? The real likelihood of this occurrence changes from year to year, however as a decent gauge, the National Safety Council says somewhere in the range of 70 and 120 individuals a year kick the bucket in the US by lightning - so we should accept 100 as our base. With the US populace being around 265 million individuals, that implies that the odds of being slaughtered by lightning are approximately 2,650,000 to 1. Not likely. Anyway you are still 6 to 45 times more inclined to kick the bucket from a lightning strike than you is win the lottery. Presently no one truly needs beyond words substance eating microbes, and with chances at around 1 million to 1, the odds that you will bite the dust that way are really thin. Of course, you are 18 to 120 times more prone to bite the dust along these lines than to win the lottery. What are the odds that in case you're playing with a gathering of four that you two will get an opening in-one on precisely the same? At 17 million to 1, they're superior to anything the odds of you winning the lottery. Shouldn't something be said about kicking the bucket from a snake chomp or honey bee sting? It likely isn't a way that you have envisioned that you would leave the earth. You're an incredible 180 to 1,200 times more inclined to bite the dust from one of these episodes than win the lottery. That is on the grounds that the likelihood of passing on from a snake chomp or honey bee sting is around 100,000 to 1. Presently I realize that you are not a terrible individual and you don't envision ending up waiting for capital punishment for a wrongdoing you conferred at any point in the near future. In any case, it's significantly more probable that you will be lawfully executed than win the lottery. Truth be told, you are 30,000% to 200,000% more inclined to bite the dust in a lawful execution than to win the lottery. In the event that nothing from what was just mentioned has persuaded you to quit playing the lottery, at that point I'll draw out my most loved lottery certainty. In the event that you drive 10 miles to buy your lottery ticket, it's three to twenty times more probable for you to be killed in a fender bender en route than to win the big stake. Flipping Of Coin: Coin flipping or coin hurling is the act of tossing a coin noticeable all around to pick between two choices, once in a while to determine a debate between two gatherings. It is a type of sortition which inalienably has just two conceivable and similarly likely results. Exploratory and hypothetical investigation of coin hurling has demonstrated that the result is unsurprising. Amid coin flipping the coin is hurled into the air with the end goal that it turns end-over-end a few times. Either in advance or when the coin is noticeable all around, an invested individual calls "heads" or "tails", demonstrating which side of the coin that gathering is picking. The other party is relegated the contrary side. Contingent upon custom, the coin might be gotten, captured and rearranged, or permitted to arrive on the ground. At the point when the coin stops, the hurl is finished and the gathering who called or was doled out the face-up side is pronounced the champ. On the off chance that the result is vague the hurl is rehashed; for instance the coin may, once in a while, arrive tense, or tumble down a deplete. The coin might be any compose as long as it has two unmistakable sides; it require not be a coin in that capacity. Human instinct about restrictive likelihood is frequently extremely poor and can offer ascent to some apparently astounding perceptions. For instance, if the progressive flips of a coin are recorded as a string of "H" and "T", at that point for any preliminary of hurls, it is twice as likely that the triplet TTH will happen before THT than after it. It is three times as likely that THH will go before HHT. Is it true that we are probably going to be struck by lightning? In the United States, a normal of 80 individuals are murdered by lightning every year. Considering being executed by lightning to be our 'good result' (not such a great result!), the example space contains the whole populace of the United States (around 250 million). In the event that we accept that every one of the general population in our example space are similarly prone to be murdered by lightning (so individuals who never go outside have a similar shot of being executed by lightning as the individuals who remain by flagpoles in substantial open fields amid tempests), the possibility of being slaughtered by lightning in the United States is equivalent to 80/250 million, or a likelihood of around .000032%. Plainly, you are significantly more prone to bite the dust in an auto crash than by being struck by lightning. Likelihood in Our Lives: An essential comprehension of likelihood makes it conceivable to comprehend everything from batting midpoints to the climate report or your odds of being struck by lightning! Likelihood is a critical subject in arithmetic in light of the fact that the likelihood of specific occasions happening - or not happening - can be vital to us in reality. Climate anticipating: Assume a man needs to go on an outing this evening, and the climate report says that the shot of rain is 70%? Will he ever ponder where that 70% originated from? Conjectures like these can be figured by the general population who work for the National Weather Service when they take a gander at all different days in their authentic database that have a similar climate qualities (temperature, weight, stickiness, and so forth.) and discover that on 70% of comparative days before, it drizzled. As we've seen, to discover essential likelihood we partition the quantity of positive results by the aggregate number of conceivable results in our example space. In case we're searching for the shot it will rain, this will be the quantity of days in our database that it down-poured separated by the aggregate number of comparative days in our database. On the off chance that our meteorologist has information for 100 days with comparable climate conditions (the example space and in this way the denominator of our part), and on 70 of nowadays it rained (an ideal result), the likelihood of rain on the following comparable day is 70/100 or 70%. Since a half likelihood implies that an occasion is as prone to happen as not, 70%, which is more prominent than half, implies that it will probably rain than not. In any case, what is the likelihood that it won't rain? Keep in mind that on the grounds that the great results speak to all the conceivable ways that an occasion can happen, the entirety of the different probabilities must equivalent 1 or 100%, so 100% - 70% = 30%, and the likelihood that it won't rain is 30%.>GET ANSWER