Write a paper of 2,000~3,000 words, with your own insights and interpretation. Formulate an argument and support it with ample examples/quotes from the text(s), always providing page numbers for quotes.
Please write about next thing: The Woman in the Dunes—Formulate a central argument in relation to some of the following themes: identity, essence and existence, the Mobius strip, inside and outside the dunes, escape and suicide, insects, “Hope.”
part of the estate because the mother wanted all assets of the estate to go to some charities. This case generated some controversy if you look at the number of articles published on this case. The BBC website describes it as “a landmark Court of Appeal ruling which has dealt a major blow to the rights of people to choose who they want to leave money to when they die”. The Daily Telegraph headline on this case states “Your will can be ignored say judges”. The judgement is considered to erode furthermore the testamentary freedom as judges seemed to have used the 1975 Act as a method limit the testamentary freedom of the testator. Some authors also mentions that judges are now more willing to interfere in the will as they used the possibilities to adapt the testament in favour of the plaintiffs. The freedom of testation in English case law has undergone a transition from extreme protective of the will of the testator to a more moderate conception as consequence of several statutes and especially the Inheritance Provision for Family and Dependants Act of 1975. 4.2 Freedom of testation in the Netherlands Freedom of testation is also regarded in the Dutch legal system as an important principle but the legislator has imposed restrictions via constitutional, national legislative and judicial rules. Dutch succession law has been changed in 2003 to take in account the changes in society and the role of families by readjusting the positions of partners, children and forced heirs. Articles 44 and 45 of book 4 of the Dutch Code Civil stipulate when a will or testamentary bequest is void: Artikel 44 1. Een uiterste wilsbeschikking waarvan de inhoud in strijd is met de goede zeden of de openbare orde, is nietig. 2. Eveneens is een uiterste wilsbeschikking nietig, wanneer voor deze een in de uiterste wil vermelde beweegreden die in strijd is met de goede zeden of de openbare orde, beslissend is geweest. Artikel 45 1. Een voorwaarde of een last die onmogelijk te vervullen is, of die in strijd is met de goede zeden, de openbare orde of een dwingende wetsbepaling, wordt voor niet geschreven gehouden. De beschikking waaraan de voorwaarde of de last is toegevoegd, is nietig, indien deze de beslissende beweegreden tot die beschikking is geweest. 2. Een voorwaarde of last die de strekking heeft de bevoegdheid tot vervreemding of bezwaring van goederen uit te sluiten, wordt voor niet geschreven gehouden. In the case LJN BU6438 (2011) , the court the testatrix stipulated in het will that her son should be the sole beneficiary and that the other children should accept the exclusion of their legitimate portions. The testatrix referred explicitly to the fact her son needed some more ‘elbowroom’ in life and that her other children had only negligible interests in her estate. The claimants wanted to have the will declare void because of being in contravention with public order and good morals. The Court of Appeal did not follow this request and stated that article 44 can be invoked only in exceptional circumstances where testamentary direction effect against the fundamental notions of unwritten law. As testamentary infringement on the legitimate portion has never been regarded as contravening the public order or good morals in the Netherlands, the will’s contestants could not invoke successfully article 44 before the Court‘s-Hertogenbosch. In the case ‘Oordeelnummer 1997-22’ the Dutch College voor de Rechten van de Mens had to answer the question of a plaintiff to judge if the defendant, an women association made a distinction as meant in the ‘Algemene wet gelijke behandeling’ (AWGB). The ‘Wet van 2 maart 1994, houdende algemene regels ter bescherming tegen discriminatie op grond van godsdienst, levensovertuiging, politieke gezindheid, ras, geslacht, nationaliteit, hetero- of homoseksuele gerichtheid of burgerlijke staat’ or Algemene wet gelijke behandeling (AWGB) is a Dutch statute which came into force on 1 September 1994. The AWGB is a further elaboration of article 1 of the Dutch Constitution which reads ‘allen die zich in Nederland bevinden, worden in gelijke gevallen gelijk behandeld. Discriminatie wegens godsdienst, levensovertuiging, politieke gezindheid, ras, geslacht of op welke grond dan ook, is niet toegestaan’. The AWGB prohibits that improper distinctions are made on grounds of religion, conviction, political opinion, race, gender, nationality, hetero-or homosexual orientation or marital status. The Act requires e>GET ANSWER