Write a 10-page analytical/applied research essay that:
- Addresses 4-5 theories and topics covered in Farazmand’s (2002) book plus at least two from the required readings (e.g., on motivation, leadership, groups, change, etc.) with implications for public service careers.
- Applies their implications to a specific work situation or organization you have had experiences with in personal life (as an employee, a manger or supervisor, or citizen dealing with an organization).
If you work in a local government or private sector organization, you can try to apply some of the theories of organization, or some styles of leadership, etc. to your organization, or a part of it.
Marks tells us that he will base his book around four interrelated topics and themes, the first, industrialization, the second, political organisation and the creation of nation states, the third, the gap in power and wealth between these nation states, which arose with industrialization and finally the environment. To begin, Marks argues that the West portrays itself as progressive. This is shown through different periods of great change in Western culture. The conquest of the America’s was seen as being the result of superiority due to their Christian beliefs, this being the period of the Italian Renaissance, because those conquered were not Christian. Then during the Enlightenment, ‘they attributed their superiority to a Greek heritage of secular, rationalistic and scientific thought’. Then, eventually the Industrial Revolution saw Adam Smith and the capitalist system enforce their ideas upon the world due to their belief that it was inherently progressive. Marks points out however that the rise of Europe was piggy-backing off of the accomplishments of others through their exploitation. Marks will argue in his book, how our Eurocentrism, our outlook on the world from a European viewpoint, is shortsighted and does not fully reveal all the underlying elements for the rise of the West. This eurocentrism leads to ethnocentrism; a belief that your own culture is the best. This European version is that Europe is superior and its culture should be spread further than the borders of Europe. Contingency is the idea that the rise of the west was inevitable and that moreover, it is the only way that it would’ve evolved. However, as we look at the wider world, we can observe several events independent of Europe that greatly influenced the rise of the west. So there is an agency that other nations or cultures had influence upon the West’s development. These specific points of agency are historical accidents. Such points include, the location of minerals due to geological processes, this random placement of valuable resources greatly affects the affluence of regions and many other knock-on factors. Conjuncture adds the local developments that contributed to a wider global impact. Marks directly defines the biological old regime as the ‘balancing act of people fending off or dying from macro- and microparasites’. Climate change has been one of the greatest influences on the growth of the human population on earth. Generally warmer climate meant a better harvest, w>GET ANSWER