Theory and Practice

For this assignment, you can choose only one out of the options/topics provided in this document. Specific Instructions for this Option
Read the required readings (listed below) for this option. For each required reading, please address the following:
a. Identify at least one important or meaningful weakness of the paper (not about those trivial ones) and explain why this weakens the paper. In addition, discuss how to overcome the identified weakness in order to improve the paper. You are welcome to identify more than one weakness and more than one solution.
b. What kind of new research question(s) could be raised and why, especially those related to this course’s concepts, relationships, theories, and methodologies? If possible, please focus on research questions that are unique, interesting, and/or meaningful.
•If there is more than one required reading under this option, please compare all required readings and treat these required readings (along with suggested or related readings, if any) as secondary literature and use them effectively, in order to 1) be synthetic and yield new insights (e.g., conceptual insights), and/or 2) identify a weakness that requires investigation (e.g., conceptual or methodological, etc.).
Please focus on insights/weaknesses that are unique, interesting, and/or meaningful. For example, if there are two required readings under this option, you can compare and contrast the two required readings to see (1) if insights/strengths derived from one required reading can be used to address/overcome the weaknesses/issues from the other required reading, and/or (2) if there is a same or similar weakness from both required readings that requires investigation (e.g., conceptual or methodological, etc.) in order to advance our knowledge.
•Please feel free to use headings/subheadings, tables, flowcharts, theories, frameworks, models, and/or key concepts to compose and organize your essay effectively and efficiently.
•Make sure to explicitly incorporate, apply and cite something from each required reading listed below.
•Read and cite the required articles/reading. Search more articles when needed.

Required Readings
Cialdini, R. B., Kallgren, C. A., & Reno, R. R. (1991). A focus theory of normative conduct: A theoretical refinement and re-evaluation. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 24, 201–234. doi:10.1016/ S0065-2601(08)60330-5
Jacobson, Ryan P., Lisa A. Marchiondo, Kathryn JL Jacobson, and Jacqueline N. Hood. “The synergistic effect of descriptive and injunctive norm perceptions on counterproductive work behaviors.” Journal of Business Ethics 162, no. 1 (2020): 191-209.
Campbell, D. T. (1965). “Variation and selective retention in socio-cultural evolution”, In Social change in developing areas. Eds. H.R. Barringer, G.I. Blanksten, and R. W. Mack. MA: Schenkman, 19-49.
Suggested Readings:
Bicchieri, Cristina, and Eugen Dimant. “Nudging with care: the risks and benefits of social information.” Public choice (2019): 1-22.
Bagozzi, R. P. (1992), “Acrimony in the ivory tower: Stagnation or evolution?”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol.20 No. 4, pp. 355-359.

Sample Solution