In a critical essay, discuss at least two trade theories that can explain Saudi Arabia’s international trade. Analyze their main insights and challenges. Are they good predictors of trade patterns? What implications does the Saudi Vision 2030 have on international trade?
in a state of isolation. Isolation has two aspects which can be found separately or combined. The first is that the person is weak because he is outside a certain territory, and second he is strong since he is in the sacred realm with respect to the group’s members, for which their society constitutes this “world.” This isolation occurs in these cultures because in these cultures, foreigners cannot immediately enter the territory of the tribe or the village, they must prove their intentions from afar and undergo a stage of rite, best known to the group. Along with these other territories and cultures, there are also many different rites native to certain territories. The various forms of greeting for example fall into the category of rites of incorporation, they vary to the extent to which the person arriving is a stranger to the house or to those he meets. As a stranger or strangers he is to introduce himself or herself in a limited way to the group and then, if he so desires to other restricted group and at the same time to the society at large. Here again people clap hands or make noises, separate themselves from the outside world by removing their shoes, coat, unite by eating or drinking together, or perform prescribed rites before the household deities. The following chapters discuss the rites of pregnancy, childbirth, and childhood. The ceremony of pregnancy and childbirth go together. Attention is drawn to the customs of seclusion in special huts or in special parts of the home. It has been established that at the onset of pregnancy, a woman is placed in a state of isolation either for the sake of impurity or abnormality due to pregnancy. This is done to protect mother and child from evil forces. This varies according to culture and time. Childhood rites include, Cutting of the umbilical cord, Sprinkling and baths, Loss of the reminders of the umbilical cord, Naming, The first hair cut, The first meal with the family, The first teeth, first walk, first outing, Circumcision, and First dress according to sex.The above ceremonies are grouped into three main rites-rites of separation, rites of transition and rites of incorporation. Some cultures do not have a particular ceremony for a particular rite. And there are always variations in culture. The newborn child is considered sacred and the birth is only guaranteed and confirmed with the flavor of those present. The principal rite of separation is the cutting of umbilical cord and rites that surrounds the portion which dries and falls off by itself. The ceremony of first bath is also considered as a rite of separation. The above ceremonies are as well considered as part of rites of transition. Under rites of incorporation could be found naming ceremony, ritual nursing, the first tooth, etc. The first haircut is also a symbol of incorporation. The childhood period lasts from birth until the age of sixteen, as age sixteen is considered the beginning of the age of maturity. In the next chapters, initiation rites are discussed. The author exposes and brings to limelight various initiation rites among different tribes especially the “the rite of passage” between puberty and adolescence. It should be noted that these initiation rites take different forms; it can be for acceptance or separation. The author moves further to stress the point that physiological puberty is essentially different from the rites of passage that>GET ANSWER