Consider your organization or another organization with which you are familiar. Briefly describe the organization, and then answer the following questions:
What do you think is one of the most interesting uses of database technology by this organization? Why?
Who benefits from this use and in what ways?
Are there any downsides?
Are there any additional database technologies (or uses of the same technology) that you think this organization should consider? Explain.
As a business manager, how can you effectively utilize database technologies to better do your job?
Currently, most elephants are listed under Appendix I, as they continue to be threatened by extinction; apart from species in Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, which are under Appendix II, illustrating a case of split-listing. These sub-species were down-listed after the ban was introduced and their population numbers stabilized. However, now that poaching is at atmospherically high levels, for 20,000 elephants were killed for ivory in 2015, these populations need to be brought back into Appendix I. The 17th CoP has formally recognized this and has therefore issued a proposal to have all elephants protected by Appendix I. Some countries, such as Botswana, have already taken domestic pre-cautions by voluntarily implementing the trade ban requirements of Appendix I. Nonetheless, some Parties oppose the ban and fight to keep the ivory trade market open. The statistical evidence strongly supports the view of the majority, as there has been an 84-96% decrease in elephants in the past 100 years. It is uncontroversial that something needs to be done in order to prevent their extinction. Although the CoP has been the most ambitious conference so far, their efforts need to be continued and maintained. a. Poaching: The main problem with demand for ivory increasing, is that it causes poaching to escalate. Monitoring such activity is onerous, due to its illegal nature and the advanced techniques that are being used. The driving force behind poaching in developing countries is poverty, especially because it creates an environment that allows corruption in the absence of police power. This results in the destabilization of national economies, as well as undermining national security systems. However, poaching has now become more modernized, as poachers are often armed with sophisticated weapons. This is partly a result of organized crime associations and terrorist groups now being the main beneficiaries of illegal trade of ivory. Not only does this result in hundreds of elephant deaths a week, but an estimate of two rangers are killed every week, making poaching an even greater concern. b. Enforcement Mechanisms: The main obstacle in restricting trade, as well as killing, is the inability to monitor illegal activity and collect accurate data. Due to limited resources and workforce of the authorities there is lack of transparency. Several organisations have emerged to address this issue. The Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants Programme (MIKE) has developed methods of collecting and analysing data to create better systems of enforcement. Its main objective is to provide CITES with accurate information required to make suitable administrative and enforcement decisions. Due to the lack of funding available to the Convention, the primary financial supporter of MIKE is the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Although this illustrates the practical issue of funding that CITES encounters, it also demonstrates the willingness of organisations to voluntarily provide assistance.>GET ANSWER