Is maximizing happiness a sufficient principle by which to formulate our ethical judgments? Why does Kant disagree? Is Kant correct? Please reference particular examples and concepts from the text when applicable.
Discussion Question B
God and Ethics: If God does not exist, does that mean that anything is morally permissible? Why or why not? However if God does exist, does that mean we should accept Divine Command theories of ethics? Again, why or why not?
the notion of imprisonment in ireland has changed over the years from being entirely a shape of punishment to a shape of rehabilitation. there may be no longer a view of prison being the best manner to discourage participants of society from committing crime. now, there may be a better understanding of the more than one techniques of each deterrence and punishment, and for that reason jail sentences aren't used so usually anymore. the an increasing number of famous opinion that prison must most effective be employed as a last hotel changed into in the beginning visible as unbelievable. in submit-independence ireland, regardless of the notion of ireland being a ‘policeman’s paradise’, there was a sense of control in society where imprisonment was used as a means of controlling the lower classes. karl marx explained in his marxist theories of crime “the effects of a capitalistic society on how justice is administered, describing how society is divided by means of cash and power” (tibbets, s., hemmens, c. 2015). this idea indicates that the higher instructions of society used the regulation as a means of keeping dominance over the decrease training and making sure the safety of their wealth. moreover, marxist theories imply that the wealth gathered by way of the center and top training may be used to boom political and prison energy, consequently transferring the stability of strength in society. the presence of inequality and injustice among participants of society in which the end result is a feel of oppression many of the lower classes, has regularly caused an growth in crime. the declining stage of employment, high emigration charges and reduce in real profits, with the dependence on agriculture being the most effective actual supply of earnings all performed party to the upper training the usage of extraordinary methods of coercive confinement as a method of containment. psychiatric establishments, residential institutions and houses for single mothers and kids had been all used as a further shape of imprisonment main up to the 1970s. there was a sample of confinement in eire for transgressing spiritual or social norms, further to imprisonment for criminal offences. the effectiveness of imprisonment as a sanction relies upon basically at the range of re-offences after one has been previously committed, and the crime degrees due to enforcing imprisonment as a sanction. crime fees in ireland fell in the back of other international locations between the Sixties and 2000, at the side of a staggered trend through the years. at the same time as the translation of crime information differs u . s . a . to country, it is a undertaking to have a look at regardless. in ireland, the problem arose with an over-reliance on police statistics. a survey carried out by way of o’connell and whelan in 1994; watson 2000 showed that there remains an immoderate dependence on the legitimate photo and while it's miles unclear, rationalization will become hard. this was made increasingly more hard whilst the system of amassing and providing crime statistics changed in 2000 and without any clarification. along with the changes made in collecting and categorising crime facts, there was also a substitute inside the 4 categories of ‘indictable’ crime with ten categories of ‘headline’ crime. headline crimes cowl greater severe …>GET ANSWER