First, watch these videos from the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch website, with closed captions and transcript provided.
Questions to Consider
Compare and contrast ponds, bottom trawling, and longlining.
Of the three, which do you think is the most destructive to the environment and why?
African-American Folk Songs GuidesorSubmit my paper for examination Note: This is an open space article composed by Dorothy A. Johnson in 1922, with alters. slave cultureMusic as the high specialty of which we believe is a similarly late marvels, yet it is plausible that music in some structure has existed as long as discourse itself. At the point when mankind first communicated its thoughts in quite a while, it figured out how to communicate its feelings in music. One of the most punctual intelligible types of music of the ordinary citizens of any nation was the society tune. As the recorded articulation of the feelings of a people, they are significant, and they are of much more noteworthy significance, on the grounds that in them, we see a start of the acknowledgment of melodic structure as we have it today.(1) If society music is of such indispensable significance in the melodic history of a nation, most likely it is important to discover some type of society music as a melodic foundation for our own nation. America as an acculturated country is new to the point that her people music is tragically ailing in examination with different nations, however America has society music in the melodies of the African-American. Indeed, even the music of the Native Americans has not had so significant an influence in the melodic history of our nation. African-Americans are presumably the most skilled musically of any individuals; that is today, their music is the closest like the music of the refined countries in structure and tonality. The tunes as we have them today, a large number of them have been established on the pentatonic scale, in which the fourth and seventh tones are excluded, and they about all hold an extraordinary character, inferable from their starting point. (2) The songs are shockingly sweet and masterful. African-American people tunes are less articulations of satisfaction and jollity as they are articulations of a slave's distress in subjugation from which they have no expectation of discharge. In this manner, their melodies are to a great extent of a semi-strict character, communicating their expectation of discharge on the planet to come. One remarkable component of these "distress tunes" is the way that a note of triumph is constantly present, even in the most miserable passages.(3) The notable "spirituals" were tunes or psalms the African-Americans made for themselves when they received their lord's religion, and are focused about such well-known strict subjects as Samson, the Ark, Daniel, Moses, Judgment Day, and Jesus Christ and his miracles.(4) Satan additionally was a most loved point, being treated in a lot of a similar clever design as he was treated in the old wonder plays of medieval Europe.(5) There are numerous excellent songs among the old spirituals, including such notable show as "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" and "Take Away to Jesus." The last is intriguing, as it initially had a hidden essentialness a long way from strict. It was sung by the slaves on the estates close to the day's end as a sort of sign to different slaves that a mystery strict gathering was to be held that night, and when the slave sang "I hain't got long to remain here," they were thinking not about the brevity of life, yet the brief timeframe before they would leave difficult work to go to a charming strict meeting.(6) notwithstanding the spirituals appropriate, which were sung plunking down, there were what were classified "running spirituals" or "yell melodies." The yells occurred on Sunday or on acclaim evenings. At the point when the profound was struck up, the African-Americans present shaped a circle and rearranged around the stay with a jerky development. Once in a while they sang the chorale of the profound and in some cases they rearranged peacefully. The tedious crash of their feet could be heard a large portion of a mile distant.(7) There are numerous different classes of African-American people melodies other than those of a strict sort. These incorporate kids' tunes, love tunes, work melodies, and moves. It is difficult to discuss them all in detail. All things considered, what is the purpose of portraying and talking about African-American society music at such length? The "Abstract Digest" of October 20, 1917 says, to some extent: "Our lone unique commitments to the area of American workmanship have come to us through our African-American population[.] In the spirituals or slave melodies the African-American has given America its lone people tunes, yet a mass of honorable music. How did the individuals who started them figure out how to do it? The suppositions are effectively represented; they are for the most part taken from the Bible; yet the songs, where did they originate from, some of them so peculiarly sweet, and others so superbly solid? Take, for example "Go Down, Moses." I question if there is a more grounded topic in the entire melodic writing of the world. African-Americans have a significant and genuinely necessary blessing that will add to the future American democracy.(8) To demonstrate reality of this announcement, we have just to take a gander at the impact that African-American society music has just had on American music, and on the music of different countries. George W. Chadwick is the most popular of the American authors who have utilized African-American topics. He utilized such subjects in his subsequent ensemble. Yet, it was a bohemian, Antonin Dvorak, who positions the most noteworthy among authors who have utilized African-American music. His "New World" Symphony is put together for the most part with respect to African-American society tunes, and any individual who has heard it must admit that it contains the absolute most lovely songs at any point composed. Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, an African of English birth, was the main African to win eminence in the field of craftsmanship music. He has utilized African subjects in many enchanting compositions.(9) If outside writers perceive the high worth of our African-American society tunes, most likely we ought to do all in our capacity to safeguard and create what is our own American people music. References: Spaulding. Music: An Art and a Language. p. 20. American History and Encyclopedia of Music v. 8 p. 50. In the same place. pp. 51-54. Talley. Negro Folk Rhymes. p. 314. American History and Encyclopedia of Music. p. 54. Talley. Negro Folk Rhymes. p. 301. Krekbiel. Afro-American Folk Songs. p. 33. Artistic Digest of Oct. 20, 1917. The Negro's Contribution to American Art. pp. 26, 27. American>GET ANSWER