Read “Vitruvius and the Origins of the Orders: Sacrifice and Taboo in Greek Architectural Myth,” by George L. Hersey, Perspecta, vol. 23 (1987), 66-77.
(available on JSTOR and as a PDF in Blackboard)
- How has Vitruvius’s reputation changed in the last hundred years? What is the current perception or opinion of Vitruvius’s work?
- What is a caryatid and what historical event inspired its invention, according to Vitruvius?
- What is a Persid and what historical event is cited by Vitruvius as the inspiration for its invention?
- What proportions did the Ionians use for the Doric columns in their temple to the Pan-Ionian Apollo? How did they come to use these proportions and why?
- What does Vitruvius mean by “entasis”?
- How are Ionic columns similar to caryatids? How do they relate to the bodies of women?
- What inspired the invention of the Corinthian order?
- What is the larger “plot” of Vitruvius’s five tales?
- What does the author mean by “taboo”? Why are the rules for the orders so important?
- Cite three examples of temple parts that are named for and/or resemble elements of ritual sacrifices.
young people. Something interesting to note from Ti et al. (2017) is that from 2007 to 2012, $29.8 million was budgeted for the Government’s Prevention Action Plan, which included the DrugsNot4Mecampaign. This campaign was a drug prevention PSA that was directed towards youth, though it was not very successful. According to Ti et al. (2017): “Another main issue identified by a large number of participants was that the PSAs failed to acknowledge or address the broader contexts of the primary characters’ progressive drug use and addiction, including the social, structural, and environmental factors that powerfully shape young people’s vulnerability to illicit drug use.” (Ti et al., 2017) This links to Reisch’s (2019) information about organizations in multicultural societies, and the difference between intentions and outcomes. Meaning, an organization or worker could have the greatest of intentions in order to assist young women in not misusing substances, but if the intervention is not targeted correctly, the outcome could be ineffective and potentially damaging. Referring to Ti et al., (2017) and the quote above, if the PSA’s weren’t successful, it may have been due to the fact that they did not target the populations correctly. For example, the programs and strategies that were created by the campaign did not match the needs of the community (Reisch, 2019), maybe not taking in to account factors such as housing issues, race or exposure to violence. Another reason for failure that workers need to bear in mind when working with young people is having a position of power over the client as apposed to working with them. Ensuring an organization does not hold a hierarchical relationship with the community, but rather a co-operative and equal one (Reisch, 2019) is imperative. This allows the young people to start building up trust in you and your work and can in fact empower them to make their own decision and build confidence. Reisch (2019) agrees that goals of empowerment and social justice are sometimes forgotten when putting together action plans, which can then result in the reverse effect of perpetuating oppression and privilege onto client (Reisch, 2019). Something else that should be noted when speaking about developments that can be organized by workers/organizations is that social workers ultimately work for and are funded by the government. The government of Canada does not generally send out outrageous amount of money, unless they are getting a return from it or can profit from it in some way. It is crucial that frontline workers remember this as it impacts the quality of services they are able to provide, and affects the support given when they find themselves needing to speak up due to lack of services.>GET ANSWER