- Explain the baby Theresa example and why it was controversial. What is the Benefits Argument and how does it compare to the We Should Not Use People as Means and the Wrongness of Killing arguments? 2 paragraphs
- Explain the Jodie and Mary example and why it’s controversial. Compare the We Should Save as Many as We Can Argument with the Argument from the Sanctity of Human Life. 2 paragraphs
- Explain the Tracy Latimer example and why it’s controversial. Discuss the arguments that condemned the killing (Wrongness of Discriminating against the Handicapped and the Slippery Slope arguments). 1 paragraph
- Why is it difficult to come to an agreement on a full definition of morality? What can be gained in arriving at a minimal definition in the way that Rachels suggests? What is this minimal definition? What role does reason play in this conception? 2 paragraphs
Chapter Two: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
- What is the Cultural Difference Argument? Why is it an appealing theory? Explain, using at least one of Rachels’ examples (funerary practices of Greeks and Callatians, infanticide and geronicide amongst Inuits/Eskimos). 2 paragraphs
- What does Rachels find wrong with this theory? Explain his initial criticism of the logic of the argument. What are three additional reasons Rachels offers for rejecting this theory (relating to the consequences of accepting the theory)? 2 paragraphs
- Discuss Rachels’ contention that all cultures share certain basic values, referring back to his original examples and then to his later example of female circumcision. What conclusion does he draw about the merits of Cultural Relativism? 2 paragraphs
Chapter Four: Does tvlorality Depend on Religion? 1. What is the presumed connection between morality and religion? What does Divine Command Theory say about this connection? 2 paragraphs
- What does Plato have to say about this theory, according to Rachels, and how does Natural Law theory relate to Plato’s point? 2 paragraphs
- Explain Rachels’ discussion of Divine Command Theory as it relates to the problem of abortion. 2 paragraphs
Chapters Seven and Eight: The Utilitarian Approach / The Debate Over Utilitarianism
- What is the fundamental principle of utilitarianism? What are some examples of utilitarian reasoning?
- What is the difference between act- and rule-utilitarianism? What would be some examples of moral situations where these two schools would disagree?
engage with literature and research evidence and to extract key points and arguments presented by criminal justice commentators, while at the same time interrogating the strength or limitations of their arguments
he book by Admiral SM Nanda, The Man Who Bombed Karachi: A Memoir, is a life account by an Indian Naval officer who resigned as the Chief of Naval staff (CNS) and is frequently associated with his most noteworthy and indispensable pretended amid the arranging and execution of sea tasks which prompted the authentic triumph of India over Pakistan amid the 1971 clash. The creator, who was the then CNS amid the 1971 clash with Pakistan, is the most qualified individual to draw out the different parts of the effective activities did by the Indian Navy on both the Western and Eastern venues amid the contention. The book draws out an organized portrayal by the writer of his youth at Manora Island off Karachi where he was conceived. The underlying parts of the book, takes the peruser from his adolescence to the young of the writer at Minora, where he considered, and on finishing of his secondary school, worked at the Port and Pilotage Department earlier joining the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) and dispatched as an acting sub lieutenant in the Royal Indian Naval Volunteer Reserve (RINVR) on 11 Oct 1941. The creator gives a definite record of his encounters amid his recognized vocation in the Navy, which kept going 32 years and furthermore about his resulting residency as the CMD of the Shipping Corporation of India (SCI). The peruser gets firsthand data on the 'Illustrious Indian Navy Mutiny' which is brought out in incredible detail in Chapter 3 of the book while portraying the writer's residency at the Signal School, HMIS Talwar, at Bombay. The book additionally gives brief record of the writer's encounters with prominent identities while he visited different nations amid his residencies installed different Naval boats. Section 9 of the book gives a knowledge on the evolvement of the country's capacity in ship working, as the writer portrays the various obstacles which he needed to look as the Managing Director, Mazagon Docks, and how he effectively cultivated the alloted undertakings. The book additionally gives various accomplishments of the writer amid his residencies as the Flag Officer Commanding Indian Fleet (FOCIF) and FOC-in-C West.â Transformation of a solitary day festivity of the Navy day to a weeklong 'Naval force Week' festivity comprising super occasions including survey of the Indian Fleet by the President of India in 1969 is one among them. On page 158, the creator expresses that, 45 warships, India's first submarine (the Khanderi), five Coast Guard boats and eight shipper ships were on procession amid the armada audit on 28 Dec 1969. The peruser could be confounded subsequent to discovering that the Indian Coast Guard was formally established just on 01 Feb 1977. The book describes in detail, the evolvement of the 1971 clash with Pakistan, the intricate readiness arranging and execution of the Naval power amid the contention and how viably these finished in the triumph of the country in this way rendering Navy an impressive power which was disregarded till at that point. Parts 12 to 15 of the book take the peruser more profound into the contention which offers intriguing perusing even to a layman with the assistance of straightforward, clear outlines and photos. The ocean fight which was battled in both Arabian ocean and Bay of Bengal are examined in detail with intriguing portrayals.>GET ANSWER