Part A With respect to economic factors in Latin America, describe export dependence, import substitution, debt crises, and the impact of free trade agreements such as NAFTA.
Part B Identify observed and potential impacts of climate change in China and Japan over the last 50 years.
Part C Compare and contrast perspectives on multiculturalism and indigenous social movements in New Zealand and Australia. pp. 451-452
the outcome of increased consumption and exchange on the experience of time. Bringing with it an emphasis of unpredictability and ‘volatility’ (2.Harvey, 1989), the postmodern society is required to become accustomed to the demands of flexible accumulation. This is relevant with the replicant characters in Blade Runner, who are forced to live in ‘disconnected temporality’ (Bruno, G 1990). It is this lack of safe ‘temporal continuity’ represented within Blade Runner (Jameson, 1985) from neurotic preoccupation of its characters with individual pasts to ageing diseases that makes the film postmodern. Another issue represented within Blade Runner, which is considered another postmodern concern, is urban decay. Bruno states the speed and growth of development brings its own rapid ineluctable death and decay. Blade Runner portrays a post-industrial decaying future of Los Angeles, opposed to the familiar perception of ultra-modernity (shown within sci-fi films in the 1950’s). It emphasises the effect of de-concentration with the result of immigration known as ‘geographical displacements and condensations’ (Bruno, 1990). As the upper class individuals vacate vast areas of the city, the poor and immigrants then can use these areas. Blade Runners ‘Off World colonies’ could be a symbolic extension in the trend to vacate a city in support of the commuter land of home-based work, as a blimp advertises “A chance to begin again!” As well as the issue of urban decay being a postmodern issue within Blade Runner, there is also pastiche consumption. This is where the postmodernist culture and postmodern socio-economics links start to be revealed as ‘difficult and uneven’ (Connor, 1989). In the film, the use of pastiche images and past/present styles is portrayed particularly in the mixture of architectural designs within the urban landscape, as Bruno states it is a ‘pastiche city’. An example of this pastiche in Blade Runner is where Rachael played by actress Sean Young is dressed in 1940’s utility clothing blending the space age of the 1960’s. An architectural example is the style of the ‘retro’ bar where Deckard (Harrison Ford) finds Zhora (Joanna Cassidy). These points I have outlined reveal how Blade Runner is considered to be relevant to the postmodern era, using postmodern theoretical references. However, they are not the only reference points between Blade Runner and postmodernism. The Film also>GET ANSWER