Write a 2-3 page paper in APA format on effective methods for improving (1) cardiorespiratory, (2) muscular, (3) flexibility, and (4) neuromotor fitness. Include the appropriate FITT (Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type) and choices of activities for each. Indicate what type of health benefit can be derived from each of these.

Finally, use information you just discussed to design a simple training program, an exercise prescription, using the FITT format. This should be in a table format.

Use the article Exercise and Cardiovascular Health in the required resources as one of your sources. This will introduce you to a peer-reviewed research article relevant to our field. You will learn more about academic quality research and how to assess it as you move through your program. In addition to this article, use at least one other source for your paper

Sample Answer

Sample Answer

Effective Methods for Improving Fitness Levels


Physical fitness is crucial for maintaining good health and overall well-being. There are four key components of fitness that can be improved through regular exercise: cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, flexibility, and neuromotor fitness. This paper will discuss effective methods for enhancing each of these fitness components, including the appropriate FITT principles and activity choices. Additionally, a simple training program will be designed using the FITT format.

Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Cardiorespiratory fitness refers to the ability of the heart, lungs, and circulatory system to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the working muscles efficiently. Regular cardiovascular exercise is essential for improving cardiorespiratory fitness. The FITT principles for cardiorespiratory training are as follows:

Frequency: Aim for at least 3-5 days per week of cardiovascular exercise.
Intensity: Exercise at a moderate to vigorous intensity level, which can be determined using the talk test or heart rate monitoring.
Time: Gradually increase exercise duration to achieve a total of 150 minutes per week.
Type: Engage in activities that elevate the heart rate and involve large muscle groups, such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, or dancing.

The health benefits derived from improving cardiorespiratory fitness include a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases, improved lung function, increased energy levels, and enhanced overall endurance.

Muscular Fitness

Muscular fitness refers to the strength, endurance, and power of the muscles. Resistance training is the primary method for improving muscular fitness. The FITT principles for muscular training are as follows:

Frequency: Perform resistance exercises 2-3 days per week, allowing for at least one day of rest between sessions.
Intensity: Choose a weight or resistance level that allows for 8-12 repetitions per set, leading to muscle fatigue.
Time: Perform 1-3 sets of each exercise, focusing on all major muscle groups.
Type: Engage in exercises that target different muscle groups, such as squats, lunges, push-ups, and dumbbell curls.

Improving muscular fitness provides numerous health benefits, including increased muscle strength and tone, improved bone density, enhanced metabolism, and reduced risk of injury.


Flexibility refers to the range of motion around a joint. Regular stretching exercises are essential for improving flexibility. The FITT principles for flexibility training are as follows:

Frequency: Stretch major muscle groups 2-3 days per week. It is also beneficial to perform stretches after each exercise session.
Intensity: Stretch to a point of mild discomfort or tension, avoiding any pain.
Time: Hold each stretch for 15-30 seconds, repeating each stretch 2-4 times.
Type: Utilize static stretches that target all major muscle groups, including hamstrings, calves, shoulders, chest, and hips.

Enhancing flexibility contributes to better posture, increased joint mobility, reduced muscle soreness, and improved physical performance.

Neuromotor Fitness

Neuromotor fitness involves activities that improve motor skills such as balance, coordination, agility, and proprioception. These exercises are essential for maintaining functional abilities as we age. The FITT principles for neuromotor training are as follows:

Frequency: Engage in neuromotor exercises 2-3 days per week.
Intensity: Perform exercises that challenge balance and coordination without compromising safety.
Time: Spend approximately 20-30 minutes on neuromotor exercises.
Type: Include activities that require balance and coordination, such as yoga, Tai Chi, or agility drills.

Improving neuromotor fitness offers benefits like enhanced balance and stability, reduced risk of falls, improved reaction time, and increased body awareness.

Training Program Design

A simple training program can be designed using the FITT format discussed above. The table below outlines a sample exercise prescription:

Component Frequency Intensity Time Type
Cardiorespiratory 5 days/week Moderate to vigorous 30-60 mins Brisk walking, cycling, jogging
Muscular 3 days/week Moderate to high 20-30 mins Resistance training (squats, push-ups)
Flexibility 2 days/week Mild discomfort or tension 15-30 secs Static stretching (hamstrings, shoulders)
Neuromotor 2 days/week Challenging but safe 20-30 mins Yoga, Tai Chi, balance exercises

By following this training program regularly and progressively increasing the intensity and duration over time, individuals can improve their overall fitness levels and reap the associated health benefits.


Improving cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, flexibility, and neuromotor fitness are vital for maintaining good health. By following the appropriate FITT principles and engaging in suitable activities for each component, individuals can enhance their fitness levels and enjoy various health benefits. Regular exercise is key to achieving optimal physical fitness and overall well-being.

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