1. When two sounds (as in speech sounds, like [p] or [b]) occur in the same phonetic environment and their
    difference leads to a difference in the meaning of the word, they are…
    a) in a complementary distribution
    b) in a contrastive distribution
    c) always allophones of the same phoneme
    d) allomorphs
  2. The syntax of a language is a system of rules that a speaker knows and those rules can only be used to
    produce meaningful sentences (as in sentences that have a clear meaning and are not semantically nebulous) in
    that language
    a) True
    b) False
  3. Lexical ambiguity occurs when two possible syntactic structures can be assigned to the same sentence.
    a) True
    b) False
  4. The use of the peace sign with our hands is an example of a:
    a) Beat
    b) Emblem
    c) Gesture
    d) Iconic
  5. The ‘standard’ dialect of a language typically has
    a) Covert prestige
    b) Overt prestige
    c) Hypercorrection
    d) None of the above
  6. The word antidisestablishmentarianism was formed using which word-formation process?
    a) Conversion
    b) Coinage
    c) Derivation
    d) Borrowing
  7. Which of the following describes the sound /ɛ/:
    a) Low front unrounded tense
    b) Mid front unrounded lax
    c) Low central unrounded lax
    d) Low back rounded tense
  8. Which of the following describes the sound /w/:
    a) Voiced alveolar liquid
    b) Voiceless labiodental fricative
    c) Voiced bilabial stop
    d) Voiced bilabial glide
  9. Please describe the following consonant /dʒ/:

  1. Please describe the following vowel /ʊ/:

Part 2 – Phonology/Morphology (24 points)
Morpheme counts (1.5 points each)
Isolate the free and bound morphemes in the following words and provide some short justification for why
you’ve isolated the morphemes in that way:
As an example, here is what you might answer if the word was installment
Free: install (as in the verb from a sentence like “I install TVs”)
Bound : -ment (the same morpheme you would add to “reinforce” to get “reinforcement”, it converts a
verb to a noun)

  1. unthinkable
  2. water
  3. flammability

Sample Solution