Infectious diseases come with extremely tough challenges to mitigate them and then finally get them under control. Bringing any such infectious disease under control involves a lot of decisions and cooperation between various branches of government and the health services.
choose an infectious disease that was prevalent in the United States and had lasting consequences or select a disease from the following:
•West Nile Fever
•Yellow fever
Based on your research and understanding, create a 3 to 4-page report in a Microsoft Word document that includes the following:
•A brief description of your chosen infectious disease along with your reasons for choosing the disease.
•Information on the work conducted by government departments to mitigate the impact of your chosen infectious disease.
•Investigations, research studies, and other surveillance data analyses regarding your chosen infectious disease.
•Instances of the emergence and re-emergence of your chosen disease.
•A brief summary of the government’s findings and investigations about your chosen disease.
•Past, current, and ongoing research pertaining to your chosen disease.
Support your writing with relevant facts or figures and indicate your current knowledge of the infectious disease.


Sample Answer

Sample Answer

Mitigating the Impact of Tuberculosis in the United States


Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. I have chosen TB for this report due to its historical significance and the ongoing challenges it poses to public health globally. TB has been prevalent in the United States and continues to have lasting consequences, making it a pertinent subject for this investigation.

Government Efforts to Combat Tuberculosis

Government departments in the United States, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have been instrumental in mitigating the impact of TB. These agencies have implemented extensive public health programs focused on TB prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. They have also collaborated with healthcare providers to ensure timely identification of TB cases and contact tracing to prevent further transmission.

Investigations and Research Studies

Numerous investigations and research studies have been conducted to better understand TB transmission dynamics, drug resistance patterns, and optimal treatment strategies. Surveillance data analyses have helped identify high-risk populations and geographic areas, guiding targeted interventions to control TB outbreaks.

Emergence and Re-emergence of Tuberculosis

TB has demonstrated instances of both emergence and re-emergence in the United States. Factors such as immigration from high-prevalence regions, inadequate access to healthcare, and the rise of drug-resistant TB strains have contributed to the persistence of TB as a public health threat.

Government Findings and Investigations

The government has conducted comprehensive studies on TB epidemiology, treatment outcomes, and social determinants influencing TB incidence. Findings indicate the need for sustained investment in TB control programs, improved diagnostic tools, and enhanced collaboration between public health agencies and healthcare providers.

Current Research on Tuberculosis

Ongoing research on TB includes investigations into novel treatment regimens, vaccine development, and the impact of comorbidities such as HIV on TB outcomes. Researchers are exploring innovative strategies to combat drug-resistant TB strains and improve patient adherence to treatment protocols.


In conclusion, Tuberculosis remains a significant public health challenge in the United States despite substantial progress in its control. Government efforts, research initiatives, and surveillance activities play a crucial role in mitigating the impact of TB and advancing our understanding of this complex infectious disease. Continued investment in TB prevention and treatment strategies is essential to achieve the goal of eliminating TB as a global health threat.


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