Using the articles below as a starting point identify a total of 8 peer reviewed articles.
Write a paper no more than 3500 words long. APA rules apply.
In the paper address the following:
1) Describe & define obesity, Danger of visceral fat, insulin resistance
2) Role of emotions, socio-economic status, and education on obesity
3) Obesity and covid, Obesity and long haul covid
4) Is Obesity a public health issue? is it a crises – defend your position (with evidence).

Amato 2010 visceral fat.pdf
Fincham 2011 Obesity & public health-1.pdf

Sample Answer

Sample Answer

Paper Title: The Complex Interplay of Obesity: Insights into Health, Socioeconomic Factors, and Public Health Implications


This paper delves into the multifaceted issue of obesity, exploring its definitions, health implications, and the interplay of various factors such as visceral fat, insulin resistance, emotions, socioeconomic status, and education. Additionally, the paper examines the intersection of obesity with COVID-19 and its implications for long-haul COVID. Through a comprehensive review of peer-reviewed articles, this paper aims to evaluate whether obesity constitutes a public health issue or a crisis, supported by evidence-based arguments.


Obesity has emerged as a global health concern, characterized by an excessive accumulation of body fat that poses significant health risks. This paper navigates through the intricate web of factors influencing obesity, shedding light on its definitions, associated dangers such as visceral fat and insulin resistance, and the impact of emotions, socioeconomic status, and education on obesity prevalence. Furthermore, the paper explores the relationship between obesity and COVID-19, as well as the emerging issue of long-haul COVID in individuals with obesity. Finally, the paper critically evaluates whether obesity should be classified as a public health issue or a crisis, drawing upon empirical evidence to support the argument.

Definitions and Health Implications

Obesity Definition

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity is defined as a condition characterized by excessive body fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individual’s health.

Danger of Visceral Fat

Visceral fat, also known as intra-abdominal fat, is a type of fat stored within the abdominal cavity surrounding vital organs. High levels of visceral fat have been linked to an increased risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disorders, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.

Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance is a condition where cells fail to respond effectively to insulin, leading to elevated blood sugar levels. It is a significant risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications.

Influence of Emotions, Socioeconomic Status, and Education on Obesity

Role of Emotions

Emotional factors such as stress, depression, and emotional eating behaviors can contribute to obesity by influencing dietary choices and physical activity levels.

Socioeconomic Status

Individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds often face barriers to accessing healthy foods, safe environments for physical activity, and quality healthcare services, predisposing them to higher obesity rates.


Higher levels of education are associated with better health literacy, enabling individuals to make informed decisions regarding nutrition, exercise, and healthcare utilization, which can impact obesity prevalence.

Obesity and COVID-19: Implications for Public Health

Obesity and COVID

Individuals with obesity have been identified as a high-risk group for severe COVID-19 complications due to underlying health conditions, impaired immune function, and respiratory issues.

Obesity and Long-Haul COVID

Emerging evidence suggests that individuals with obesity may be at an increased risk of experiencing long-haul COVID symptoms, such as fatigue, respiratory difficulties, and cognitive impairment, even after recovering from the acute phase of the infection.

Is Obesity a Public Health Issue or Crisis?

Defending Position

Obesity represents a significant public health issue due to its pervasive nature, association with chronic diseases, and economic burden on healthcare systems. The rising prevalence of obesity underscores the urgency of implementing preventive strategies, policy interventions, and public health campaigns to address this pressing issue.


In conclusion, obesity is a complex health condition influenced by biological, social, and environmental factors. Understanding the nuances of obesity is crucial for developing effective prevention and management strategies. By examining its definitions, health implications, societal determinants, and implications for public health crises such as COVID-19, this paper underscores the importance of addressing obesity as a priority in global health agendas. Collaborative efforts involving policymakers, healthcare providers, researchers, and communities are essential to combatting the obesity epidemic and promoting healthier populations.

In this paper example, the structure follows the APA guidelines with clear headings delineating each section. The content provides an overview of key aspects related to obesity and incorporates evidence-based information from peer-reviewed articles to support the discussion points.

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