In the United States, pressure groups attempt to influence the political process. Political parties in particular not only attempt to influence the political process, but they also seek to directly participate by capturing all or part of the political system in order to implement common goals. In an essay format answer, you are to identify and discuss the major of American political parties. Second, what are the two major parties in the United States, and what are the key positions of each party? And third, and what is meant by political realignment and how has it impacted the U.S. political system?